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Shaped singular spectrum analysis for quantifying gene expression, with application to the early Drosophila embryo.

Shlemov A, Golyandina N, Holloway D, Spirov A - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: We consider the commonly used cylindrical projection of the ellipsoidal Drosophila embryo.We demonstrate how circular and shaped versions of 2D-SSA help to decompose expression data into identifiable components (such as trend and noise), as well as separating signals from different genes.Detection and improvement of under- and overcorrection in multichannel imaging is addressed, as well as the extraction and analysis of 3D features in 3D gene expression patterns.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetsky Pr. 28, Peterhof, St. Petersburg 198504, Russia.

ABSTRACT
In recent years, with the development of automated microscopy technologies, the volume and complexity of image data on gene expression have increased tremendously. The only way to analyze quantitatively and comprehensively such biological data is by developing and applying new sophisticated mathematical approaches. Here, we present extensions of 2D singular spectrum analysis (2D-SSA) for application to 2D and 3D datasets of embryo images. These extensions, circular and shaped 2D-SSA, are applied to gene expression in the nuclear layer just under the surface of the Drosophila (fruit fly) embryo. We consider the commonly used cylindrical projection of the ellipsoidal Drosophila embryo. We demonstrate how circular and shaped versions of 2D-SSA help to decompose expression data into identifiable components (such as trend and noise), as well as separating signals from different genes. Detection and improvement of under- and overcorrection in multichannel imaging is addressed, as well as the extraction and analysis of 3D features in 3D gene expression patterns.

No MeSH data available.


Kr and eve: original images.
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fig9: Kr and eve: original images.

Mentions: In some cases, crosstalk stripes from the pair-rule reference marker are barely visible in the gene of interest. In these cases, circular 2D-SSA is still effective at removing artefacts from misestimation of the unmixing parameters. Figure 9 shows images from an embryo “v5-s11512-2oc06-25” stained for Kr (gene of interest) mRNA and eve (reference marker) mRNA. In this case, there is weak overcorrection, with eve adding to apparent intensity in the Kr image. Kr, like hb (Figure 3), is a gap gene, with low frequency expression pattern, compared to the high frequency eve pair-rule pattern.


Shaped singular spectrum analysis for quantifying gene expression, with application to the early Drosophila embryo.

Shlemov A, Golyandina N, Holloway D, Spirov A - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Kr and eve: original images.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4402483&req=5

fig9: Kr and eve: original images.
Mentions: In some cases, crosstalk stripes from the pair-rule reference marker are barely visible in the gene of interest. In these cases, circular 2D-SSA is still effective at removing artefacts from misestimation of the unmixing parameters. Figure 9 shows images from an embryo “v5-s11512-2oc06-25” stained for Kr (gene of interest) mRNA and eve (reference marker) mRNA. In this case, there is weak overcorrection, with eve adding to apparent intensity in the Kr image. Kr, like hb (Figure 3), is a gap gene, with low frequency expression pattern, compared to the high frequency eve pair-rule pattern.

Bottom Line: We consider the commonly used cylindrical projection of the ellipsoidal Drosophila embryo.We demonstrate how circular and shaped versions of 2D-SSA help to decompose expression data into identifiable components (such as trend and noise), as well as separating signals from different genes.Detection and improvement of under- and overcorrection in multichannel imaging is addressed, as well as the extraction and analysis of 3D features in 3D gene expression patterns.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetsky Pr. 28, Peterhof, St. Petersburg 198504, Russia.

ABSTRACT
In recent years, with the development of automated microscopy technologies, the volume and complexity of image data on gene expression have increased tremendously. The only way to analyze quantitatively and comprehensively such biological data is by developing and applying new sophisticated mathematical approaches. Here, we present extensions of 2D singular spectrum analysis (2D-SSA) for application to 2D and 3D datasets of embryo images. These extensions, circular and shaped 2D-SSA, are applied to gene expression in the nuclear layer just under the surface of the Drosophila (fruit fly) embryo. We consider the commonly used cylindrical projection of the ellipsoidal Drosophila embryo. We demonstrate how circular and shaped versions of 2D-SSA help to decompose expression data into identifiable components (such as trend and noise), as well as separating signals from different genes. Detection and improvement of under- and overcorrection in multichannel imaging is addressed, as well as the extraction and analysis of 3D features in 3D gene expression patterns.

No MeSH data available.