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Educational effectiveness, target, and content for prudent antibiotic use.

Lee CR, Lee JH, Kang LW, Jeong BC, Lee SH - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Up to now, most educational efforts have been targeted to medical professionals, and many studies showed that these educational efforts are significantly effective in reducing antibiotic prescribing.Recently, the development of educational programs to reduce antibiotic use is expanding into other groups, such as the adult public and children.The investigation of the contents of educational programs for prescribers and the public demonstrates that it is important to develop effective educational programs suitable for each group.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Leading Research Laboratory of Drug Resistance Proteomics, Department of Biological Sciences, Myongji University, 116 Myongjiro, Yongin, Gyeonggido 449-728, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT
Widespread antimicrobial use and concomitant resistance have led to a significant threat to public health. Because inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics based on insufficient knowledge are one of the major drivers of antibiotic resistance, education about prudent antibiotic use aimed at both the prescribers and the public is important. This review investigates recent studies on the effect of interventions for promoting prudent antibiotics prescribing. Up to now, most educational efforts have been targeted to medical professionals, and many studies showed that these educational efforts are significantly effective in reducing antibiotic prescribing. Recently, the development of educational programs to reduce antibiotic use is expanding into other groups, such as the adult public and children. The investigation of the contents of educational programs for prescribers and the public demonstrates that it is important to develop effective educational programs suitable for each group. In particular, it seems now to be crucial to develop appropriate curricula for teaching medical and nonmedical (pharmacy, dentistry, nursing, veterinary medicine, and midwifery) undergraduate students about general medicine, microbial virulence, mechanism of antibiotic resistance, and judicious antibiotic prescribing.

No MeSH data available.


Literature selection process (PRISMA flow diagram).
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fig1: Literature selection process (PRISMA flow diagram).

Mentions: To assess the effectiveness of clinician education, we used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) [13] in our review (Figure 1). We conducted a systematic literature search in the following databases: Medline via PubMed and the Cochrane Library. Additionally, we also searched on the following websites: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (http://www.nice.org.uk), Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (http://www.cadth.ca), Current Controlled Trials (http://www.controlled-trials.com), and BioMed Central (http://www.biomedcentral.com). We used keywords as search terms. We combined terms for selected indications (education, antibiotic, and randomized controlled trial). The literature search included all studies published in English between 1983 and 2014. We identified 28 randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies containing clinician education. In addition, recent articles pertaining to educational programs for teaching prudent antibiotic use were also examined.


Educational effectiveness, target, and content for prudent antibiotic use.

Lee CR, Lee JH, Kang LW, Jeong BC, Lee SH - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Literature selection process (PRISMA flow diagram).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4402196&req=5

fig1: Literature selection process (PRISMA flow diagram).
Mentions: To assess the effectiveness of clinician education, we used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) [13] in our review (Figure 1). We conducted a systematic literature search in the following databases: Medline via PubMed and the Cochrane Library. Additionally, we also searched on the following websites: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (http://www.nice.org.uk), Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (http://www.cadth.ca), Current Controlled Trials (http://www.controlled-trials.com), and BioMed Central (http://www.biomedcentral.com). We used keywords as search terms. We combined terms for selected indications (education, antibiotic, and randomized controlled trial). The literature search included all studies published in English between 1983 and 2014. We identified 28 randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies containing clinician education. In addition, recent articles pertaining to educational programs for teaching prudent antibiotic use were also examined.

Bottom Line: Up to now, most educational efforts have been targeted to medical professionals, and many studies showed that these educational efforts are significantly effective in reducing antibiotic prescribing.Recently, the development of educational programs to reduce antibiotic use is expanding into other groups, such as the adult public and children.The investigation of the contents of educational programs for prescribers and the public demonstrates that it is important to develop effective educational programs suitable for each group.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Leading Research Laboratory of Drug Resistance Proteomics, Department of Biological Sciences, Myongji University, 116 Myongjiro, Yongin, Gyeonggido 449-728, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT
Widespread antimicrobial use and concomitant resistance have led to a significant threat to public health. Because inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics based on insufficient knowledge are one of the major drivers of antibiotic resistance, education about prudent antibiotic use aimed at both the prescribers and the public is important. This review investigates recent studies on the effect of interventions for promoting prudent antibiotics prescribing. Up to now, most educational efforts have been targeted to medical professionals, and many studies showed that these educational efforts are significantly effective in reducing antibiotic prescribing. Recently, the development of educational programs to reduce antibiotic use is expanding into other groups, such as the adult public and children. The investigation of the contents of educational programs for prescribers and the public demonstrates that it is important to develop effective educational programs suitable for each group. In particular, it seems now to be crucial to develop appropriate curricula for teaching medical and nonmedical (pharmacy, dentistry, nursing, veterinary medicine, and midwifery) undergraduate students about general medicine, microbial virulence, mechanism of antibiotic resistance, and judicious antibiotic prescribing.

No MeSH data available.