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Mortality and life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder in Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

Westman J, Wahlbeck K, Laursen TM, Gissler M, Nordentoft M, Hällgren J, Arffman M, Ösby U - Acta Psychiatr Scand (2014)

Bottom Line: From 1987 to 2006, the difference in life expectancy between patients with alcohol use disorder and the general population increased in men (Denmark, 1.8 years; Finland, 2.6 years; Sweden, 1.0 years); in women, the difference in life expectancy increased in Denmark (0.3 years) but decreased in Finland (-0.8 years) and Sweden (-1.8 years).People with alcohol use disorder had higher mortality from all causes of death (mortality rate ratio, 3.0-5.2), all diseases and medical conditions (2.3-4.8), and suicide (9.3-35.9).People hospitalized with alcohol use disorder have an average life expectancy of 47-53 years (men) and 50-58 years (women) and die 24-28 years earlier than people in the general population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Nordic Research Academy in Mental Health, Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.

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Mortality rate ratio for people with alcohol use disorder compared with people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.
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fig06: Mortality rate ratio for people with alcohol use disorder compared with people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.

Mentions: In all three countries, people with AUD had higher mortality from all causes of death (Figs 5 and 6), all diseases and medical conditions, and suicide, than people in the general population (Table 3). In Denmark, mortality rate ratios in people with AUD increased from 1987 to 2006 from all diseases and medical conditions; mortality rate ratio from suicide was increased only in women during 2002 to 2006 (Table 3). In Finland, mortality rate ratios from all causes of death decreased during the entire study in both men and women; mortality rate ratios from all diseases and medical conditions were unchanged during the entire study for men and women, and mortality rate ratios from suicide increased in women but not men (Table 3). In Sweden, mortality rate ratios from all causes of death increased in men but was unchanged in women during the entire study; mortality rate ratio from suicide increased in both men and women (Table 3).


Mortality and life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder in Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

Westman J, Wahlbeck K, Laursen TM, Gissler M, Nordentoft M, Hällgren J, Arffman M, Ösby U - Acta Psychiatr Scand (2014)

Mortality rate ratio for people with alcohol use disorder compared with people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4402015&req=5

fig06: Mortality rate ratio for people with alcohol use disorder compared with people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.
Mentions: In all three countries, people with AUD had higher mortality from all causes of death (Figs 5 and 6), all diseases and medical conditions, and suicide, than people in the general population (Table 3). In Denmark, mortality rate ratios in people with AUD increased from 1987 to 2006 from all diseases and medical conditions; mortality rate ratio from suicide was increased only in women during 2002 to 2006 (Table 3). In Finland, mortality rate ratios from all causes of death decreased during the entire study in both men and women; mortality rate ratios from all diseases and medical conditions were unchanged during the entire study for men and women, and mortality rate ratios from suicide increased in women but not men (Table 3). In Sweden, mortality rate ratios from all causes of death increased in men but was unchanged in women during the entire study; mortality rate ratio from suicide increased in both men and women (Table 3).

Bottom Line: From 1987 to 2006, the difference in life expectancy between patients with alcohol use disorder and the general population increased in men (Denmark, 1.8 years; Finland, 2.6 years; Sweden, 1.0 years); in women, the difference in life expectancy increased in Denmark (0.3 years) but decreased in Finland (-0.8 years) and Sweden (-1.8 years).People with alcohol use disorder had higher mortality from all causes of death (mortality rate ratio, 3.0-5.2), all diseases and medical conditions (2.3-4.8), and suicide (9.3-35.9).People hospitalized with alcohol use disorder have an average life expectancy of 47-53 years (men) and 50-58 years (women) and die 24-28 years earlier than people in the general population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Nordic Research Academy in Mental Health, Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus