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Mortality and life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder in Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

Westman J, Wahlbeck K, Laursen TM, Gissler M, Nordentoft M, Hällgren J, Arffman M, Ösby U - Acta Psychiatr Scand (2014)

Bottom Line: From 1987 to 2006, the difference in life expectancy between patients with alcohol use disorder and the general population increased in men (Denmark, 1.8 years; Finland, 2.6 years; Sweden, 1.0 years); in women, the difference in life expectancy increased in Denmark (0.3 years) but decreased in Finland (-0.8 years) and Sweden (-1.8 years).People with alcohol use disorder had higher mortality from all causes of death (mortality rate ratio, 3.0-5.2), all diseases and medical conditions (2.3-4.8), and suicide (9.3-35.9).People hospitalized with alcohol use disorder have an average life expectancy of 47-53 years (men) and 50-58 years (women) and die 24-28 years earlier than people in the general population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Nordic Research Academy in Mental Health, Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.

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Life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.
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fig04: Life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.

Mentions: Life expectancy in people with AUD was lowest in Denmark and highest in Sweden (Table 2, Figs 3 and 4). In all three countries, life expectancy was longer for women than men, both for people with AUD and the general population (Table 2). In men and women in Denmark, life expectancy for people with AUD and the general population increased during the entire study, and the difference in life expectancy between people with AUD and the general population increased more for men than women (Table 2). In Finland, life expectancy for people with AUD increased more for women than men, and the difference in life expectancy between people with AUD and the general population increased for men but decreased for women during the entire study (Table 2). In Sweden, life expectancy for people with AUD and the general population increased in men and women, and the difference in life expectancy between people with AUD and the general population increased in men but decreased in women during the entire study (Table 2).


Mortality and life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder in Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

Westman J, Wahlbeck K, Laursen TM, Gissler M, Nordentoft M, Hällgren J, Arffman M, Ösby U - Acta Psychiatr Scand (2014)

Life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4402015&req=5

fig04: Life expectancy of people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and people in the general population in Denmark, Finland and Sweden from 1987 to 2006. Women.
Mentions: Life expectancy in people with AUD was lowest in Denmark and highest in Sweden (Table 2, Figs 3 and 4). In all three countries, life expectancy was longer for women than men, both for people with AUD and the general population (Table 2). In men and women in Denmark, life expectancy for people with AUD and the general population increased during the entire study, and the difference in life expectancy between people with AUD and the general population increased more for men than women (Table 2). In Finland, life expectancy for people with AUD increased more for women than men, and the difference in life expectancy between people with AUD and the general population increased for men but decreased for women during the entire study (Table 2). In Sweden, life expectancy for people with AUD and the general population increased in men and women, and the difference in life expectancy between people with AUD and the general population increased in men but decreased in women during the entire study (Table 2).

Bottom Line: From 1987 to 2006, the difference in life expectancy between patients with alcohol use disorder and the general population increased in men (Denmark, 1.8 years; Finland, 2.6 years; Sweden, 1.0 years); in women, the difference in life expectancy increased in Denmark (0.3 years) but decreased in Finland (-0.8 years) and Sweden (-1.8 years).People with alcohol use disorder had higher mortality from all causes of death (mortality rate ratio, 3.0-5.2), all diseases and medical conditions (2.3-4.8), and suicide (9.3-35.9).People hospitalized with alcohol use disorder have an average life expectancy of 47-53 years (men) and 50-58 years (women) and die 24-28 years earlier than people in the general population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Family Medicine, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Nordic Research Academy in Mental Health, Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus