Attention and prediction in human audition: a lesson from cognitive psychophysiology.
Bottom Line: Auditory attention typically yields enhanced brain activity, whereas auditory prediction often results in attenuated brain responses.As predictions encode contents and confidence in the sensory data, and as gain can be modulated by the intention of the listener and by the predictability of the input, various possibilities for interactions between attention and prediction can be unfolded.From this perspective, the traditional distinction between bottom-up/exogenous and top-down/endogenous driven attention can be revisited and the classic concepts of attentional gain and attentional trace can be integrated.
Affiliation: Institute for Psychology, BioCog - Cognitive and Biological Psychology, University of Leipzig, Neumarkt 9-19, D-04109, Leipzig, Germany.Show MeSH
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Mentions: We would like to bring the threads presented throughout this article together (Fig.4). The evidence reviewed has clarified three main points: (1) prediction and attention are different mechanisms; (2) prediction and attention have often been confused in previous research; and (3) prediction and attention are interdependent.
Affiliation: Institute for Psychology, BioCog - Cognitive and Biological Psychology, University of Leipzig, Neumarkt 9-19, D-04109, Leipzig, Germany.