Anaemia prevalence and associated factors among lactating mothers in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2005 and 2011 demographic and health surveys.
Bottom Line: A cross-sectional secondary analysis of data pooled from two rounds of the 2005 and 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) was used.A total of 7332 lactating mothers (2285 from EDHS 2005 and 5047 from EDHS 2011) were included from 11 administrative states of Ethiopia.The highest prevalence was 48.7% (95% CI 40.80% to 56.62%) found in the Somali region, followed by 43.8% (95% CI 31.83% to 56.87%) in the Afar region.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: Most respondents (86%) were from rural areas. Nearly 60% of lactating mothers were Christians and 38% were Muslims. The mean age of the respondents was 28.4 (SD 6.8) years. The overall prevalence of anaemia among lactating mothers during 2005–2011 was 22.1% (95% CI 21.13% to 23.03%). The prevalence of anaemia for the years 2005 and 2011 was 29.9% (95% CI 28.04% to 31.79%) and 18.5% (95% CI 17.45% to 19.60%), respectively. The prevalence was 13.8% (95% CI 11.44% to 16.41%) in urban areas and 23% (95% CI 21.99% to 24.03%) in rural areas. In the period 2005–2011, the highest prevalence of anaemia among lactating mothers was 48.7% (95% CI 40.80% to 56.62%) found in the Somali region, while the lowest prevalence was 9.0% (95% CI 4.07% to 15.47%) reported in Addis Ababa. In the period 2005–2011, the prevalence of anaemia among lactating mothers was consistently higher in those in the poor wealth index group, not currently working, with BMI ≥25 kg/m2, with 1 year duration of breastfeeding, never educated, never used ANC, never used family planning services, no iron tablet supplement during pregnancy, and with higher parity. A significant reduction in the prevalence of anaemia among lactating mothers was observed in all background variables from 2005 to 2011 (table 1). Figure 1 shows the classification of anaemia in terms of its detailed variables.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.