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Socioeconomic status and overweight prevalence in polish adolescents: the impact of single factors and a complex index of socioeconomic status in respect to age and sex.

Kowalkowska J, Wadolowska L, Weronika Wuenstel J, Słowińska MA, Niedźwiedzka E - Iran. J. Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: Quota sampling by sex and age was used.Respondents with low, average or high SES index (SESI) were identified.In total girls who had mothers with higher education level, the OR adjusted for age was 0.44 (95%CI:0.21-0.90; P <0.05) by Polish standards and 0.35 (95%CI:0.15-0.81; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (maternal elementary education).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Science, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn , Poland.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between overweight prevalence and socioeconomic status (SES) measured by complex SES index and single SES factors in Polish adolescents in respect to age and sex.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010-2011. A total of 1,176 adolescents aged 13.0-18.9 years were included. The respondents were students of junior-high and high schools from northern, eastern and central Poland. Quota sampling by sex and age was used. The SES was determined by: place of residence, self-declared economic situation, and parental education level. Respondents with low, average or high SES index (SESI) were identified. The level of overweight was assessed using Polish and international standards.

Results: The odds ratio (OR) for overweight prevalence in the oldest girls (aged 17.0-18.9 years) with high SESI was 0.34 (95%CI:0.13-0.92; P < 0.05) by Polish standards and 0.22 (95%CI:0.05-0.95; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (low SESI). In total girls who had mothers with higher education level, the OR adjusted for age was 0.44 (95%CI:0.21-0.90; P <0.05) by Polish standards and 0.35 (95%CI:0.15-0.81; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (maternal elementary education). The other single SES factors were not significant for overweight prevalence.

Conclusions: The relationship between socioeconomic status and prevalence of overweight was related to sex and age. The high socioeconomic status strongly lowered the risk of overweight prevalence in the oldest girls, but not in boys, irrespective of age. Maternal education level lowered risk of overweight prevalence in girls.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Timetable of study
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Figure 2: Timetable of study

Mentions: This cross sectional study was conducted in 2010-2011 among adolescents aged 13-18 years. The respondents were students of junior-high and high schools from northern, eastern and central Poland. The schools were selected and then classes were chosen. The consent of the school principals and students’ parents or guardians to participate in our research was required. We used quota sampling to ensure the same numbers of participants in all sex and age groups. The present study is a part of a larger study focused on food and dietary fibre consumption as well as on body weight and socioeconomic status determinants (Fig.1,2) (17). The research was conducted by well-trained interviewers.


Socioeconomic status and overweight prevalence in polish adolescents: the impact of single factors and a complex index of socioeconomic status in respect to age and sex.

Kowalkowska J, Wadolowska L, Weronika Wuenstel J, Słowińska MA, Niedźwiedzka E - Iran. J. Public Health (2014)

Timetable of study
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4401056&req=5

Figure 2: Timetable of study
Mentions: This cross sectional study was conducted in 2010-2011 among adolescents aged 13-18 years. The respondents were students of junior-high and high schools from northern, eastern and central Poland. The schools were selected and then classes were chosen. The consent of the school principals and students’ parents or guardians to participate in our research was required. We used quota sampling to ensure the same numbers of participants in all sex and age groups. The present study is a part of a larger study focused on food and dietary fibre consumption as well as on body weight and socioeconomic status determinants (Fig.1,2) (17). The research was conducted by well-trained interviewers.

Bottom Line: Quota sampling by sex and age was used.Respondents with low, average or high SES index (SESI) were identified.In total girls who had mothers with higher education level, the OR adjusted for age was 0.44 (95%CI:0.21-0.90; P <0.05) by Polish standards and 0.35 (95%CI:0.15-0.81; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (maternal elementary education).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Science, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn , Poland.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between overweight prevalence and socioeconomic status (SES) measured by complex SES index and single SES factors in Polish adolescents in respect to age and sex.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010-2011. A total of 1,176 adolescents aged 13.0-18.9 years were included. The respondents were students of junior-high and high schools from northern, eastern and central Poland. Quota sampling by sex and age was used. The SES was determined by: place of residence, self-declared economic situation, and parental education level. Respondents with low, average or high SES index (SESI) were identified. The level of overweight was assessed using Polish and international standards.

Results: The odds ratio (OR) for overweight prevalence in the oldest girls (aged 17.0-18.9 years) with high SESI was 0.34 (95%CI:0.13-0.92; P < 0.05) by Polish standards and 0.22 (95%CI:0.05-0.95; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (low SESI). In total girls who had mothers with higher education level, the OR adjusted for age was 0.44 (95%CI:0.21-0.90; P <0.05) by Polish standards and 0.35 (95%CI:0.15-0.81; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (maternal elementary education). The other single SES factors were not significant for overweight prevalence.

Conclusions: The relationship between socioeconomic status and prevalence of overweight was related to sex and age. The high socioeconomic status strongly lowered the risk of overweight prevalence in the oldest girls, but not in boys, irrespective of age. Maternal education level lowered risk of overweight prevalence in girls.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus