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Timing matters: the impact of label synchrony on infant categorisation.

Althaus N, Plunkett K - Cognition (2015)

Bottom Line: However, analyses of infants' gaze patterns to object parts reveal that even synchronous labels do not hinder learning completely.We conclude that synchronous labels interfere with the familiarisation process, but this process involves shifts in familiarity vs. novelty preference rather than overshadowing of visual learning.Besides offering detailed insight into the effects of labelling on infants' visual attention, these findings offer the potential to reconcile previous contradictory results.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: nadja.althaus@psy.ox.ac.uk.

No MeSH data available.


A sample test display illustrating relative novelty of objects and parts.
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f0010: A sample test display illustrating relative novelty of objects and parts.

Mentions: After familiarisation, infant categorisation was assessed with a novelty preference test trial, in which they were presented with two novel objects side-by-side in silence (see Fig. 2): A within-category novel object contained a leaf and shell that were consistent with the set shown during familiarisation, but had not been shown before. An out-of-category novel object contained a novel but consistent shell and a novel and inconsistent leaf (in other words, the ‘diagnostic’ part was replaced with an inconsistent version). A silent test trial allows probing the boundaries of the category representation formed by the infants, and to compare categorisation across groups, regardless of whether the infants were or were not presented with labels during familiarisation (cf. Balaban & Waxman, 1997; Ferry et al., 2010; Fulkerson & Waxman, 2007; Robinson & Sloutsky, 2007a).


Timing matters: the impact of label synchrony on infant categorisation.

Althaus N, Plunkett K - Cognition (2015)

A sample test display illustrating relative novelty of objects and parts.
© Copyright Policy - CC BY
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400968&req=5

f0010: A sample test display illustrating relative novelty of objects and parts.
Mentions: After familiarisation, infant categorisation was assessed with a novelty preference test trial, in which they were presented with two novel objects side-by-side in silence (see Fig. 2): A within-category novel object contained a leaf and shell that were consistent with the set shown during familiarisation, but had not been shown before. An out-of-category novel object contained a novel but consistent shell and a novel and inconsistent leaf (in other words, the ‘diagnostic’ part was replaced with an inconsistent version). A silent test trial allows probing the boundaries of the category representation formed by the infants, and to compare categorisation across groups, regardless of whether the infants were or were not presented with labels during familiarisation (cf. Balaban & Waxman, 1997; Ferry et al., 2010; Fulkerson & Waxman, 2007; Robinson & Sloutsky, 2007a).

Bottom Line: However, analyses of infants' gaze patterns to object parts reveal that even synchronous labels do not hinder learning completely.We conclude that synchronous labels interfere with the familiarisation process, but this process involves shifts in familiarity vs. novelty preference rather than overshadowing of visual learning.Besides offering detailed insight into the effects of labelling on infants' visual attention, these findings offer the potential to reconcile previous contradictory results.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: nadja.althaus@psy.ox.ac.uk.

No MeSH data available.