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Myopic decisions under negative emotions correlate with altered time perception.

Guan S, Cheng L, Fan Y, Li X - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Moreover, such overestimation was negatively correlated with performance in the IC task.In contrast, temporary changes of emotional contexts did not alter performances in a Go/NoGo task (including commission errors and omission errors).In sum, our present findings suggested that myopic decisions under negative emotions were associated with altered time perception but not response inhibition.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University , Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT
Previous studies have obtained inconsistent findings about emotional influence on inter-temporal choice (IC). In the present study, we first examined the effect of temporary emotional priming induced by affective pictures in a trial-to-trial paradigm on IC. The results showed that negative priming resulted in much higher percentages of trials during which smaller-but-sooner reward (SS%) were chosen compared with positive and neutral priming. Next, we attempted to explore the possible mechanisms underlying such emotional effects. When participants performed a time reproduction task, mean reaction times in negative priming condition were significantly shorter than those in the other two emotional contexts, which indicated that negative emotional priming led to overestimation of time. Moreover, such overestimation was negatively correlated with performance in the IC task. In contrast, temporary changes of emotional contexts did not alter performances in a Go/NoGo task (including commission errors and omission errors). In sum, our present findings suggested that myopic decisions under negative emotions were associated with altered time perception but not response inhibition.

No MeSH data available.


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The correlations between emotional effects on inter-temporal choice and time perception by Spearman’s rho bivariate analysis. (A) The correlations in negative emotional context in 1-s reproduction task; (B) The correlations in the positive emotional context in 1-s reproduction task.
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Figure 5: The correlations between emotional effects on inter-temporal choice and time perception by Spearman’s rho bivariate analysis. (A) The correlations in negative emotional context in 1-s reproduction task; (B) The correlations in the positive emotional context in 1-s reproduction task.

Mentions: In order to examine the interaction between time perception and IC in the emotional contexts, we correlated the emotional priming effect on time perception (Tcorrected_negative–Tcorrected_neutral, Tcorrected_positive–Tcorrected_neutral) to the emotional priming effect on IC (SS%_negative—SS% neutral, SS%_positive—SS%_neutral) by the spearman’s rho bivariate analysis. The results showed that the altered time perception by negative priming relative to neutral priming was negatively correlated to the change of IC when participants performed 1-s reproduction task (Figure 5A, r = (–0.45, p = 0.02), while there was no significant correlation in positive emotional context (Figure 5B, r = –0.35, p > 0.05). The correlation was also absent in both 2-s reproduction task (negative: r = 0.09, p > 0.05; positive: r = –0.15, p > 0.05) and 4-s reproduction task (negative: r = 0.03, p > 0.05; positive: r = –0.03, p > 0.05). Therefore, these results indicated myopic decision making induced by negative emotional priming could be associated with altered time perception.


Myopic decisions under negative emotions correlate with altered time perception.

Guan S, Cheng L, Fan Y, Li X - Front Psychol (2015)

The correlations between emotional effects on inter-temporal choice and time perception by Spearman’s rho bivariate analysis. (A) The correlations in negative emotional context in 1-s reproduction task; (B) The correlations in the positive emotional context in 1-s reproduction task.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400848&req=5

Figure 5: The correlations between emotional effects on inter-temporal choice and time perception by Spearman’s rho bivariate analysis. (A) The correlations in negative emotional context in 1-s reproduction task; (B) The correlations in the positive emotional context in 1-s reproduction task.
Mentions: In order to examine the interaction between time perception and IC in the emotional contexts, we correlated the emotional priming effect on time perception (Tcorrected_negative–Tcorrected_neutral, Tcorrected_positive–Tcorrected_neutral) to the emotional priming effect on IC (SS%_negative—SS% neutral, SS%_positive—SS%_neutral) by the spearman’s rho bivariate analysis. The results showed that the altered time perception by negative priming relative to neutral priming was negatively correlated to the change of IC when participants performed 1-s reproduction task (Figure 5A, r = (–0.45, p = 0.02), while there was no significant correlation in positive emotional context (Figure 5B, r = –0.35, p > 0.05). The correlation was also absent in both 2-s reproduction task (negative: r = 0.09, p > 0.05; positive: r = –0.15, p > 0.05) and 4-s reproduction task (negative: r = 0.03, p > 0.05; positive: r = –0.03, p > 0.05). Therefore, these results indicated myopic decision making induced by negative emotional priming could be associated with altered time perception.

Bottom Line: Moreover, such overestimation was negatively correlated with performance in the IC task.In contrast, temporary changes of emotional contexts did not alter performances in a Go/NoGo task (including commission errors and omission errors).In sum, our present findings suggested that myopic decisions under negative emotions were associated with altered time perception but not response inhibition.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University , Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT
Previous studies have obtained inconsistent findings about emotional influence on inter-temporal choice (IC). In the present study, we first examined the effect of temporary emotional priming induced by affective pictures in a trial-to-trial paradigm on IC. The results showed that negative priming resulted in much higher percentages of trials during which smaller-but-sooner reward (SS%) were chosen compared with positive and neutral priming. Next, we attempted to explore the possible mechanisms underlying such emotional effects. When participants performed a time reproduction task, mean reaction times in negative priming condition were significantly shorter than those in the other two emotional contexts, which indicated that negative emotional priming led to overestimation of time. Moreover, such overestimation was negatively correlated with performance in the IC task. In contrast, temporary changes of emotional contexts did not alter performances in a Go/NoGo task (including commission errors and omission errors). In sum, our present findings suggested that myopic decisions under negative emotions were associated with altered time perception but not response inhibition.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus