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Kidney involvement by IgG4-related sclerosing disease.

Ismail G, Harza M, Jurubita R, Gherghiceanu M - Clin Kidney J (2013)

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Laboratory data showed normal white blood cell count, mild microcytic anaemia with a normal reticulocyte count, important inflammatory syndrome (C-reactive protein 40 mg/L, IL-6 23 pg/mL), normal renal function and no urinary abnormalities... An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed multiple nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass (Figure 1)... The morphology and anatomic distribution of the lesions raised the differential diagnosis of tubulointerstitial nephritis versus a lymphoma or plasma cell dyscrasia (Figure 3)... Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies (including CD3, CD20, CD68, CD138, lambda LC, kappa LC, PAX5, desmin, ALK-1, AE1/AE3 cytokeratin, HMB-45) did not support a lymphoproliferative process... CD138 + plasma cells were abundant and kappa/lambda ISH showed polytypic distribution... However, IgG4 immunostaining showed a marked increase in IgG4-positive plasma cells at the borders of the sclerotic lesions... We made a diagnosis of IgG4-related sclerosing autoimmune disease... Evolution was favourable following immunosuppressive therapy (prednisone and cyclophosphamide), with an important decrease in the size of the lumboaortic adenophatic mass and right kidney nodular masses, and remission of fever and of the inflammatory syndrome... IgG4-related disease is a systemic immune-mediated disease that typically manifests as fibroinflammatory masses that can affect almost any organ system... Frequently, imaging studies of the kidney involvement by IgG4-related sclerosing disease reveals singular or multiple nodular masses affecting one or both kidneys, sometimes leading to nephrectomy to exclude renal malignancy... Moreover, histopathological diagnosis is challenging because differential diagnosis with lymphoma or plasma cell dyscrasia is difficult.

No MeSH data available.


Computed tomography scan of the abdomen: nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass.
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SFT039F1: Computed tomography scan of the abdomen: nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass.

Mentions: Laboratory data showed normal white blood cell count, mild microcytic anaemia with a normal reticulocyte count, important inflammatory syndrome (C-reactive protein 40 mg/L, IL-6 23 pg/mL), normal renal function and no urinary abnormalities. Autoimmune serology was negative. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed multiple nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass (Figure 1). A renal biopsy showed severe interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. The borders of the sclerotic lesion were heavily infiltrated by lymphocytes and plasma cells (Figure 2). The morphology and anatomic distribution of the lesions raised the differential diagnosis of tubulointerstitial nephritis versus a lymphoma or plasma cell dyscrasia (Figure 3). Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies (including CD3, CD20, CD68, CD138, lambda LC, kappa LC, PAX5, desmin, ALK-1, AE1/AE3 cytokeratin, HMB-45) did not support a lymphoproliferative process. CD20 and PAX5 highlighted well-formed follicles and occasional germinal centres, while CD3 stained primarily small, mature-appearing T-cells. CD138 + plasma cells were abundant and kappa/lambda ISH showed polytypic distribution. Reed-Sternberg and/or Hodgkin cells were not identified, although focally, eosinophils were prominent. However, IgG4 immunostaining showed a marked increase in IgG4-positive plasma cells at the borders of the sclerotic lesions. We made a diagnosis of IgG4-related sclerosing autoimmune disease. Evolution was favourable following immunosuppressive therapy (prednisone and cyclophosphamide), with an important decrease in the size of the lumboaortic adenophatic mass and right kidney nodular masses, and remission of fever and of the inflammatory syndrome.Fig. 1.


Kidney involvement by IgG4-related sclerosing disease.

Ismail G, Harza M, Jurubita R, Gherghiceanu M - Clin Kidney J (2013)

Computed tomography scan of the abdomen: nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400484&req=5

SFT039F1: Computed tomography scan of the abdomen: nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass.
Mentions: Laboratory data showed normal white blood cell count, mild microcytic anaemia with a normal reticulocyte count, important inflammatory syndrome (C-reactive protein 40 mg/L, IL-6 23 pg/mL), normal renal function and no urinary abnormalities. Autoimmune serology was negative. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed multiple nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass (Figure 1). A renal biopsy showed severe interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. The borders of the sclerotic lesion were heavily infiltrated by lymphocytes and plasma cells (Figure 2). The morphology and anatomic distribution of the lesions raised the differential diagnosis of tubulointerstitial nephritis versus a lymphoma or plasma cell dyscrasia (Figure 3). Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies (including CD3, CD20, CD68, CD138, lambda LC, kappa LC, PAX5, desmin, ALK-1, AE1/AE3 cytokeratin, HMB-45) did not support a lymphoproliferative process. CD20 and PAX5 highlighted well-formed follicles and occasional germinal centres, while CD3 stained primarily small, mature-appearing T-cells. CD138 + plasma cells were abundant and kappa/lambda ISH showed polytypic distribution. Reed-Sternberg and/or Hodgkin cells were not identified, although focally, eosinophils were prominent. However, IgG4 immunostaining showed a marked increase in IgG4-positive plasma cells at the borders of the sclerotic lesions. We made a diagnosis of IgG4-related sclerosing autoimmune disease. Evolution was favourable following immunosuppressive therapy (prednisone and cyclophosphamide), with an important decrease in the size of the lumboaortic adenophatic mass and right kidney nodular masses, and remission of fever and of the inflammatory syndrome.Fig. 1.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Laboratory data showed normal white blood cell count, mild microcytic anaemia with a normal reticulocyte count, important inflammatory syndrome (C-reactive protein 40 mg/L, IL-6 23 pg/mL), normal renal function and no urinary abnormalities... An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed multiple nodular masses in the right kidney associated with a large lumboaortic adenopathic mass (Figure 1)... The morphology and anatomic distribution of the lesions raised the differential diagnosis of tubulointerstitial nephritis versus a lymphoma or plasma cell dyscrasia (Figure 3)... Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies (including CD3, CD20, CD68, CD138, lambda LC, kappa LC, PAX5, desmin, ALK-1, AE1/AE3 cytokeratin, HMB-45) did not support a lymphoproliferative process... CD138 + plasma cells were abundant and kappa/lambda ISH showed polytypic distribution... However, IgG4 immunostaining showed a marked increase in IgG4-positive plasma cells at the borders of the sclerotic lesions... We made a diagnosis of IgG4-related sclerosing autoimmune disease... Evolution was favourable following immunosuppressive therapy (prednisone and cyclophosphamide), with an important decrease in the size of the lumboaortic adenophatic mass and right kidney nodular masses, and remission of fever and of the inflammatory syndrome... IgG4-related disease is a systemic immune-mediated disease that typically manifests as fibroinflammatory masses that can affect almost any organ system... Frequently, imaging studies of the kidney involvement by IgG4-related sclerosing disease reveals singular or multiple nodular masses affecting one or both kidneys, sometimes leading to nephrectomy to exclude renal malignancy... Moreover, histopathological diagnosis is challenging because differential diagnosis with lymphoma or plasma cell dyscrasia is difficult.

No MeSH data available.