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Three new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from northwestern South America.

Torres-Carvajal O, Venegas PJ, de Queiroz K - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin.A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Avenida 12 de Octubre y Roca, Apartado 17-01-2184, Quito-Ecuador ; Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 162, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

ABSTRACT
The discovery of three new species of Enyalioides from the tropical Andes in Ecuador and northern Peru is reported. Enyalioidesaltotambo sp. n. occurs in northwestern Ecuador and differs from other species of Enyalioides in having dorsal scales that are both smooth and homogeneous in size, a brown iris, and in lacking enlarged, circular and keeled scales on the flanks. Enyalioidesanisolepis sp. n. occurs on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in southern Ecuador and northern Peru and can be distinguished from other species of Enyalioides by its scattered, projecting large scales on the dorsum, flanks, and hind limbs, as well as a well-developed vertebral crest, with the vertebrals on the neck at least three times higher than those between the hind limbs. Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin. A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

50% Majority rule consensus tree of hoplocercine lizards (Enyalioides = Enyalioides, Morunasaurus = Morunasaurus) based on a Bayesian analysis of mtDNA sequences. Posterior probabilities are equal to 1, unless otherwise noted by numbers next to branches. Outgroup taxa are not shown. The notation Enyalioides/Morunasaurus indicates that according to the phylogenetic definitions (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) of the names Enyalioides and Morunasaurus proposed by Torres-Carvajal et al. (2011), Morunasaurus is a subclade of Enyalioides.
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Figure 9: 50% Majority rule consensus tree of hoplocercine lizards (Enyalioides = Enyalioides, Morunasaurus = Morunasaurus) based on a Bayesian analysis of mtDNA sequences. Posterior probabilities are equal to 1, unless otherwise noted by numbers next to branches. Outgroup taxa are not shown. The notation Enyalioides/Morunasaurus indicates that according to the phylogenetic definitions (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) of the names Enyalioides and Morunasaurus proposed by Torres-Carvajal et al. (2011), Morunasaurus is a subclade of Enyalioides.

Mentions: The phylogenetic tree inferred in this study (Fig. 9) is consistent with Torres-Carvajal and de Queiroz’s (2009) phylogenetic hypothesis in that species of Enyalioides are split into two primary subclades: one containing Enyalioidesheterolepis and Enyalioideslaticeps as sister taxa, and the other including all remaining species of Enyalioides, as well as possibly Morunasaurus. All species described in this paper are nested within the second clade.


Three new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from northwestern South America.

Torres-Carvajal O, Venegas PJ, de Queiroz K - Zookeys (2015)

50% Majority rule consensus tree of hoplocercine lizards (Enyalioides = Enyalioides, Morunasaurus = Morunasaurus) based on a Bayesian analysis of mtDNA sequences. Posterior probabilities are equal to 1, unless otherwise noted by numbers next to branches. Outgroup taxa are not shown. The notation Enyalioides/Morunasaurus indicates that according to the phylogenetic definitions (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) of the names Enyalioides and Morunasaurus proposed by Torres-Carvajal et al. (2011), Morunasaurus is a subclade of Enyalioides.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400379&req=5

Figure 9: 50% Majority rule consensus tree of hoplocercine lizards (Enyalioides = Enyalioides, Morunasaurus = Morunasaurus) based on a Bayesian analysis of mtDNA sequences. Posterior probabilities are equal to 1, unless otherwise noted by numbers next to branches. Outgroup taxa are not shown. The notation Enyalioides/Morunasaurus indicates that according to the phylogenetic definitions (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) of the names Enyalioides and Morunasaurus proposed by Torres-Carvajal et al. (2011), Morunasaurus is a subclade of Enyalioides.
Mentions: The phylogenetic tree inferred in this study (Fig. 9) is consistent with Torres-Carvajal and de Queiroz’s (2009) phylogenetic hypothesis in that species of Enyalioides are split into two primary subclades: one containing Enyalioidesheterolepis and Enyalioideslaticeps as sister taxa, and the other including all remaining species of Enyalioides, as well as possibly Morunasaurus. All species described in this paper are nested within the second clade.

Bottom Line: Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin.A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Avenida 12 de Octubre y Roca, Apartado 17-01-2184, Quito-Ecuador ; Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 162, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

ABSTRACT
The discovery of three new species of Enyalioides from the tropical Andes in Ecuador and northern Peru is reported. Enyalioidesaltotambo sp. n. occurs in northwestern Ecuador and differs from other species of Enyalioides in having dorsal scales that are both smooth and homogeneous in size, a brown iris, and in lacking enlarged, circular and keeled scales on the flanks. Enyalioidesanisolepis sp. n. occurs on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in southern Ecuador and northern Peru and can be distinguished from other species of Enyalioides by its scattered, projecting large scales on the dorsum, flanks, and hind limbs, as well as a well-developed vertebral crest, with the vertebrals on the neck at least three times higher than those between the hind limbs. Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin. A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus