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Three new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from northwestern South America.

Torres-Carvajal O, Venegas PJ, de Queiroz K - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin.A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Avenida 12 de Octubre y Roca, Apartado 17-01-2184, Quito-Ecuador ; Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 162, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

ABSTRACT
The discovery of three new species of Enyalioides from the tropical Andes in Ecuador and northern Peru is reported. Enyalioidesaltotambo sp. n. occurs in northwestern Ecuador and differs from other species of Enyalioides in having dorsal scales that are both smooth and homogeneous in size, a brown iris, and in lacking enlarged, circular and keeled scales on the flanks. Enyalioidesanisolepis sp. n. occurs on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in southern Ecuador and northern Peru and can be distinguished from other species of Enyalioides by its scattered, projecting large scales on the dorsum, flanks, and hind limbs, as well as a well-developed vertebral crest, with the vertebrals on the neck at least three times higher than those between the hind limbs. Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin. A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Paratypes of Enyalioidesanisolepis. Lateral (left) and ventral (right) views of an adult male (top, QCAZ 12527, SVL = 111 mm), an adult female (middle, QCAZ 12552, SVL = 101 mm), and a juvenile (bottom, QCAZ 12535, SVL = 59 mm). Photographs by Omar Torres-Carvajal.
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Figure 6: Paratypes of Enyalioidesanisolepis. Lateral (left) and ventral (right) views of an adult male (top, QCAZ 12527, SVL = 111 mm), an adult female (middle, QCAZ 12552, SVL = 101 mm), and a juvenile (bottom, QCAZ 12535, SVL = 59 mm). Photographs by Omar Torres-Carvajal.

Mentions: Paratypes (14). ECUADOR: Provincia Zamora-Chinchipe: QCAZ 12521, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.88673°S, -79.08744°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12527, adult male (Fig. 6) with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87147°S, -79.08542°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12528, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87136°S, -79.08534°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12531, female with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87808°S, -79.08956°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12535, juvenile (Fig. 6) with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.88658°S, -79.08747°W, 731 m; QCAZ 12536, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.88622°S, -79.08737°W, 744 m; QCAZ 12552, female (Fig. 6) with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87589°S, -79.08995°W, 741 m; QCAZ 12551, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87521°S, -79.08965°W, 724 m, collected on 12 April 2014; QCAZ 12517, adult male from Nuevo Paraíso, 700 m NW on road to Las Tres Aguas, -4,87109°S, -78,97579°W, 1742 m, collected on 10 April 2014 by the same collectors as the holotype; QCAZ 8395, female from Chito, sector Los Planes, -4.89814°S, -78.98095°W, collected on 16 February 2008 by S. Aldás-Alarcón; QCAZ 8515, female from Chito, sector Los Planes, -4.89726°S, -78.98191°W, collected on 18 February 2008 by S. Aldás-Alarcón; QCAZ 8428, female from Chito, 4.82037°S, -78.96247°W, 1724 m, collected on 14 February 2008 by S. Aldás-Alarcón. PERU: Provincia San Ignacio: Región Cajamarca: CORBIDI 870, female from Alto Ihuamaca-Namballe, -5.19448°S, -79.08048°W, 1616 m, collected on 26 August 2008 by M. Dobiey; MUSM 20675, adult female from El Sauce, Tabaconas Namballe National Sanctuary, -5.17897°S, -79.16347°W, 1600 m, collected in April 2003 by C. Aguilar.


Three new species of woodlizards (Hoplocercinae, Enyalioides) from northwestern South America.

Torres-Carvajal O, Venegas PJ, de Queiroz K - Zookeys (2015)

Paratypes of Enyalioidesanisolepis. Lateral (left) and ventral (right) views of an adult male (top, QCAZ 12527, SVL = 111 mm), an adult female (middle, QCAZ 12552, SVL = 101 mm), and a juvenile (bottom, QCAZ 12535, SVL = 59 mm). Photographs by Omar Torres-Carvajal.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400379&req=5

Figure 6: Paratypes of Enyalioidesanisolepis. Lateral (left) and ventral (right) views of an adult male (top, QCAZ 12527, SVL = 111 mm), an adult female (middle, QCAZ 12552, SVL = 101 mm), and a juvenile (bottom, QCAZ 12535, SVL = 59 mm). Photographs by Omar Torres-Carvajal.
Mentions: Paratypes (14). ECUADOR: Provincia Zamora-Chinchipe: QCAZ 12521, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.88673°S, -79.08744°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12527, adult male (Fig. 6) with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87147°S, -79.08542°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12528, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87136°S, -79.08534°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12531, female with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87808°S, -79.08956°W, 738 m; QCAZ 12535, juvenile (Fig. 6) with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.88658°S, -79.08747°W, 731 m; QCAZ 12536, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.88622°S, -79.08737°W, 744 m; QCAZ 12552, female (Fig. 6) with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87589°S, -79.08995°W, 741 m; QCAZ 12551, juvenile with the same collection data as the holotype except -4.87521°S, -79.08965°W, 724 m, collected on 12 April 2014; QCAZ 12517, adult male from Nuevo Paraíso, 700 m NW on road to Las Tres Aguas, -4,87109°S, -78,97579°W, 1742 m, collected on 10 April 2014 by the same collectors as the holotype; QCAZ 8395, female from Chito, sector Los Planes, -4.89814°S, -78.98095°W, collected on 16 February 2008 by S. Aldás-Alarcón; QCAZ 8515, female from Chito, sector Los Planes, -4.89726°S, -78.98191°W, collected on 18 February 2008 by S. Aldás-Alarcón; QCAZ 8428, female from Chito, 4.82037°S, -78.96247°W, 1724 m, collected on 14 February 2008 by S. Aldás-Alarcón. PERU: Provincia San Ignacio: Región Cajamarca: CORBIDI 870, female from Alto Ihuamaca-Namballe, -5.19448°S, -79.08048°W, 1616 m, collected on 26 August 2008 by M. Dobiey; MUSM 20675, adult female from El Sauce, Tabaconas Namballe National Sanctuary, -5.17897°S, -79.16347°W, 1600 m, collected in April 2003 by C. Aguilar.

Bottom Line: Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin.A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Museo de Zoología, Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Avenida 12 de Octubre y Roca, Apartado 17-01-2184, Quito-Ecuador ; Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 162, Washington, DC 20560, USA.

ABSTRACT
The discovery of three new species of Enyalioides from the tropical Andes in Ecuador and northern Peru is reported. Enyalioidesaltotambo sp. n. occurs in northwestern Ecuador and differs from other species of Enyalioides in having dorsal scales that are both smooth and homogeneous in size, a brown iris, and in lacking enlarged, circular and keeled scales on the flanks. Enyalioidesanisolepis sp. n. occurs on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in southern Ecuador and northern Peru and can be distinguished from other species of Enyalioides by its scattered, projecting large scales on the dorsum, flanks, and hind limbs, as well as a well-developed vertebral crest, with the vertebrals on the neck at least three times higher than those between the hind limbs. Enyalioidessophiarothschildae sp. n. is from the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Central in northeastern Peru; it differs from other species of Enyalioides in having caudal scales that are relatively homogeneous in size on each caudal segment, a white gular region with a black medial patch and several turquoise scales in males, as well as immaculate white labials and chin. A molecular phylogenetic tree of 18 species of hoplocercines is presented, including the three species described in this paper and Enyalioidescofanorum, as well as an updated identification key for species of Hoplocercinae.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus