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Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.


Female genitalia. 67–69Argyresthialuteella. 67 Ventral view 68 Enlarged view of signum, ventral view 69 anterior view of Fig. 6470Elachistaalbella, ventral view.
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Figure 11: Female genitalia. 67–69Argyresthialuteella. 67 Ventral view 68 Enlarged view of signum, ventral view 69 anterior view of Fig. 6470Elachistaalbella, ventral view.

Mentions: Philonome currently includes six species, which occur exclusively in the New World: two from the Nearctic Region and four from the Neotropical Region. Eurynomealbella Chambers (Figs 17, 70), known only from the unique holotype collected at Edgerton (38°57'24" N, 104°50'6" W; at ~ 6500 feet elevation), El Paso Co., Colorado, was once treated as Philonome (McDunnough 1939), but it was later assigned to Elachista of Elachistidae (Kaila 1999). Kaila (1999) found that the name Elachistaalbella (Chambers) had been preoccupied and hence he proposed a replacement name, Elachistadasycara. Chambers (1874, 1877) characterized Philonome and Eurynome on superficial appearance and wing venation. The adults resemble some species of Bucculatrix in wing pattern, notably Bucculatrixadelpha Braun, 1963, or Bucculatrixangustata Frey & Boll, 1876. However, Philonome differs from Bucculatrix in having an elongate, telescopic ovipositor and lacking an androconial scale pocket on the male abdomen (Braun 1963; Kobayashi et al. 2010). This suggests that their resemblance is due to convergence. The biology of Philonome is essentially unknown. Forbes (1923) stated that Philonomeclemensella have been collected from hickory and linden trees. His statement, however, was based on the ambiguous label data of specimens from the United States National Museum of Natural History. No additional observation of the larvae of Philonomeclemensella has been reported from these trees.


Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Female genitalia. 67–69Argyresthialuteella. 67 Ventral view 68 Enlarged view of signum, ventral view 69 anterior view of Fig. 6470Elachistaalbella, ventral view.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400378&req=5

Figure 11: Female genitalia. 67–69Argyresthialuteella. 67 Ventral view 68 Enlarged view of signum, ventral view 69 anterior view of Fig. 6470Elachistaalbella, ventral view.
Mentions: Philonome currently includes six species, which occur exclusively in the New World: two from the Nearctic Region and four from the Neotropical Region. Eurynomealbella Chambers (Figs 17, 70), known only from the unique holotype collected at Edgerton (38°57'24" N, 104°50'6" W; at ~ 6500 feet elevation), El Paso Co., Colorado, was once treated as Philonome (McDunnough 1939), but it was later assigned to Elachista of Elachistidae (Kaila 1999). Kaila (1999) found that the name Elachistaalbella (Chambers) had been preoccupied and hence he proposed a replacement name, Elachistadasycara. Chambers (1874, 1877) characterized Philonome and Eurynome on superficial appearance and wing venation. The adults resemble some species of Bucculatrix in wing pattern, notably Bucculatrixadelpha Braun, 1963, or Bucculatrixangustata Frey & Boll, 1876. However, Philonome differs from Bucculatrix in having an elongate, telescopic ovipositor and lacking an androconial scale pocket on the male abdomen (Braun 1963; Kobayashi et al. 2010). This suggests that their resemblance is due to convergence. The biology of Philonome is essentially unknown. Forbes (1923) stated that Philonomeclemensella have been collected from hickory and linden trees. His statement, however, was based on the ambiguous label data of specimens from the United States National Museum of Natural History. No additional observation of the larvae of Philonomeclemensella has been reported from these trees.

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.