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Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.


Philonome, male genitalia. 21–25Philonomecuprescens. 21 Ventral view of genital capsule 22 Lateral view 23 Lateral view of valva 24 phallus, lateral view 25 phallus, ventral view 26–30Philonomewielgusi, male genitalia. 26 Ventral view of genital capsule 27 Lateral view 28 Ventral view of anellus and uncus 29 Lateral view of valva 30 Phallus. (Scale lengths in parentheses).
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Figure 5: Philonome, male genitalia. 21–25Philonomecuprescens. 21 Ventral view of genital capsule 22 Lateral view 23 Lateral view of valva 24 phallus, lateral view 25 phallus, ventral view 26–30Philonomewielgusi, male genitalia. 26 Ventral view of genital capsule 27 Lateral view 28 Ventral view of anellus and uncus 29 Lateral view of valva 30 Phallus. (Scale lengths in parentheses).

Mentions: Male genitalia: Paired processes (uncus, Fig. 28) from tergum IX (tegumen) and often surrounding tuba analis either present or absent (Philonomealbivittata sp. n. and Philonomeeuryarga); valva divided or deeply cleaved into two portions (Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomeclemensella, Philonomeeuryarga, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., and Philonomerivifera) or entire; anellus funnel-shaped; basal ring of anellus moderately sclerotized; vinculum broad; saccus present.


Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Philonome, male genitalia. 21–25Philonomecuprescens. 21 Ventral view of genital capsule 22 Lateral view 23 Lateral view of valva 24 phallus, lateral view 25 phallus, ventral view 26–30Philonomewielgusi, male genitalia. 26 Ventral view of genital capsule 27 Lateral view 28 Ventral view of anellus and uncus 29 Lateral view of valva 30 Phallus. (Scale lengths in parentheses).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400378&req=5

Figure 5: Philonome, male genitalia. 21–25Philonomecuprescens. 21 Ventral view of genital capsule 22 Lateral view 23 Lateral view of valva 24 phallus, lateral view 25 phallus, ventral view 26–30Philonomewielgusi, male genitalia. 26 Ventral view of genital capsule 27 Lateral view 28 Ventral view of anellus and uncus 29 Lateral view of valva 30 Phallus. (Scale lengths in parentheses).
Mentions: Male genitalia: Paired processes (uncus, Fig. 28) from tergum IX (tegumen) and often surrounding tuba analis either present or absent (Philonomealbivittata sp. n. and Philonomeeuryarga); valva divided or deeply cleaved into two portions (Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomeclemensella, Philonomeeuryarga, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., and Philonomerivifera) or entire; anellus funnel-shaped; basal ring of anellus moderately sclerotized; vinculum broad; saccus present.

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.