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Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.


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Adults. 2Philonomecuprescens, ♂ (3.1 mm), abbreviations: AS = apical spot; CF = costal fascia; DB = dorsal bar; LF = longitudinal fascia; SS = subapical spot; TP = tornal patch 3Philonomewielgusi, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 4Philonomenigrescens, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 5Philonomeclemensella, ♂ (4.0 mm) 6Philonomelambdagrapha, ♂ holotype (3.0 mm) 7Philonomecurvilineata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 8Philonomeeuryarga, ♂ (2.7 mm) 9Philonomealbivittata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm). (Forewing lengths in parentheses).
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Figure 2: Adults. 2Philonomecuprescens, ♂ (3.1 mm), abbreviations: AS = apical spot; CF = costal fascia; DB = dorsal bar; LF = longitudinal fascia; SS = subapical spot; TP = tornal patch 3Philonomewielgusi, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 4Philonomenigrescens, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 5Philonomeclemensella, ♂ (4.0 mm) 6Philonomelambdagrapha, ♂ holotype (3.0 mm) 7Philonomecurvilineata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 8Philonomeeuryarga, ♂ (2.7 mm) 9Philonomealbivittata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm). (Forewing lengths in parentheses).

Mentions: Thorax: Foreleg epiphysis slender. Midfemur with apical tuft of elongate scales. Hind-tibia hairy dorsally. Forewing pattern elements (Fig. 2) including longitudinal fascia, costal fascia (absent in Philonomeeuryarga, Philonomealbivittata, and Philonomespectata), subapical spot (present only in Philonomecuprescens, Philonomewielgusi, Philonomenigrescens, Philonomeclemensella, and Philonomelambdagrapha), apical spot (present only in Philonomecuprescens, Philonomewielgusi, Philonomenigrescens, and Philonomeclemensella), tornal patch, and dorsal bar (absent in Philonomespectata). Forewing venation (Fig. 20) with Rs 4-branched, all terminating on costa and arising from weak vein leading to M1; M2 and M3 stalked; CuA as one branch. Hindwing venation (Fig. 20) with Sc terminating on basal 1/4 of costa; Rs, M2+3, CuA weak, arising from weak vein leading to M1; CuP and 1A+2A weak, stalked.


Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Adults. 2Philonomecuprescens, ♂ (3.1 mm), abbreviations: AS = apical spot; CF = costal fascia; DB = dorsal bar; LF = longitudinal fascia; SS = subapical spot; TP = tornal patch 3Philonomewielgusi, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 4Philonomenigrescens, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 5Philonomeclemensella, ♂ (4.0 mm) 6Philonomelambdagrapha, ♂ holotype (3.0 mm) 7Philonomecurvilineata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 8Philonomeeuryarga, ♂ (2.7 mm) 9Philonomealbivittata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm). (Forewing lengths in parentheses).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400378&req=5

Figure 2: Adults. 2Philonomecuprescens, ♂ (3.1 mm), abbreviations: AS = apical spot; CF = costal fascia; DB = dorsal bar; LF = longitudinal fascia; SS = subapical spot; TP = tornal patch 3Philonomewielgusi, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 4Philonomenigrescens, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 5Philonomeclemensella, ♂ (4.0 mm) 6Philonomelambdagrapha, ♂ holotype (3.0 mm) 7Philonomecurvilineata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm) 8Philonomeeuryarga, ♂ (2.7 mm) 9Philonomealbivittata, ♂ holotype (2.8 mm). (Forewing lengths in parentheses).
Mentions: Thorax: Foreleg epiphysis slender. Midfemur with apical tuft of elongate scales. Hind-tibia hairy dorsally. Forewing pattern elements (Fig. 2) including longitudinal fascia, costal fascia (absent in Philonomeeuryarga, Philonomealbivittata, and Philonomespectata), subapical spot (present only in Philonomecuprescens, Philonomewielgusi, Philonomenigrescens, Philonomeclemensella, and Philonomelambdagrapha), apical spot (present only in Philonomecuprescens, Philonomewielgusi, Philonomenigrescens, and Philonomeclemensella), tornal patch, and dorsal bar (absent in Philonomespectata). Forewing venation (Fig. 20) with Rs 4-branched, all terminating on costa and arising from weak vein leading to M1; M2 and M3 stalked; CuA as one branch. Hindwing venation (Fig. 20) with Sc terminating on basal 1/4 of costa; Rs, M2+3, CuA weak, arising from weak vein leading to M1; CuP and 1A+2A weak, stalked.

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus