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Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.


Maximum likelihood phylogeny of Tineidaes. l. extracted from Sohn et al. (2013), based on 27 nuclear genes. Branches in bold indicate the > 70% bootstrapping support from at least one analysis attempted by Sohn et al. (2013). The ‘A’ in closed circle represents a well-supported subclade of Tineidae in which Philonomeclemensella is included.
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Figure 1: Maximum likelihood phylogeny of Tineidaes. l. extracted from Sohn et al. (2013), based on 27 nuclear genes. Branches in bold indicate the > 70% bootstrapping support from at least one analysis attempted by Sohn et al. (2013). The ‘A’ in closed circle represents a well-supported subclade of Tineidae in which Philonomeclemensella is included.

Mentions: Chambers (1875, 1877, 1880) assigned Philonome to the Tineina, a conventional group name to accommodate primitive Microlepidoptera, and he further suggested that the genus is allied to Bucculatrix Zeller, 1839. The putative association between Philonome and Bucculatrix has been repeatedly expressed by subsequent researchers such as Meyrick (1915, 1920) and Forbes (1923). Barnes and McDunnough (1917) included Philonome under Lyonetiidae, together with Bucculatrix, followed by Forbes (1923), but they treated Busckia (= Eurynome Chambers) as a genus of Elachistidae. McDunnough (1939) transferred Busckia to Lyonetiidae and synonymized it with Philonome. Sohn et al. (2013) conducted a molecular phylogeny of Yponomeutoidea (to which Lyonetiidae belongs), including Philonomeclemensella, and found that the species is nested within the Tineidae (Fig. 1). However, the tineid association of Philonome has been so far supported only by molecular data, not yet by morphological evidence.


Revision of the genus Philonome Chambers and its proposed reassignment to the family Tineidae (Lepidoptera, Tineoidea).

Sohn JC, Davis DR, Lopez-Vaamonde C - Zookeys (2015)

Maximum likelihood phylogeny of Tineidaes. l. extracted from Sohn et al. (2013), based on 27 nuclear genes. Branches in bold indicate the > 70% bootstrapping support from at least one analysis attempted by Sohn et al. (2013). The ‘A’ in closed circle represents a well-supported subclade of Tineidae in which Philonomeclemensella is included.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4400378&req=5

Figure 1: Maximum likelihood phylogeny of Tineidaes. l. extracted from Sohn et al. (2013), based on 27 nuclear genes. Branches in bold indicate the > 70% bootstrapping support from at least one analysis attempted by Sohn et al. (2013). The ‘A’ in closed circle represents a well-supported subclade of Tineidae in which Philonomeclemensella is included.
Mentions: Chambers (1875, 1877, 1880) assigned Philonome to the Tineina, a conventional group name to accommodate primitive Microlepidoptera, and he further suggested that the genus is allied to Bucculatrix Zeller, 1839. The putative association between Philonome and Bucculatrix has been repeatedly expressed by subsequent researchers such as Meyrick (1915, 1920) and Forbes (1923). Barnes and McDunnough (1917) included Philonome under Lyonetiidae, together with Bucculatrix, followed by Forbes (1923), but they treated Busckia (= Eurynome Chambers) as a genus of Elachistidae. McDunnough (1939) transferred Busckia to Lyonetiidae and synonymized it with Philonome. Sohn et al. (2013) conducted a molecular phylogeny of Yponomeutoidea (to which Lyonetiidae belongs), including Philonomeclemensella, and found that the species is nested within the Tineidae (Fig. 1). However, the tineid association of Philonome has been so far supported only by molecular data, not yet by morphological evidence.

Bottom Line: Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae.Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877).In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 10th & Constitution NW, Washington, DC 20560, USA ; Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

ABSTRACT
The New World genus Philonome Chambers, 1874 is revised. This genus comprises twelve species, seven of which are described as new: two species, Philonomenigrescens sp. n. and Philonomewielgusi sp. n., from the United States; four species, Philonomealbivittata sp. n., Philonomecurvilineata sp. n., Philonomekawakitai sp. n., and Philonomelambdagrapha sp. n., from French Guiana; and one species, Philonomepenerivifera sp. n., from Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Philonomeclemensella Chambers, 1874 and Philonomerivifera Meyrick, 1915. Partially on evidence of their head morphology and particularly from molecular evidence, the genus Philonome, previously associated with Bucculatricidae or Lyonetiidae, is reassigned to Tineidae. A possible systematic position of Philonome within Tineidae is discussed. Eurynome Chambers, 1875, is synonymized with Argyresthia Hübner, 1825 (Argyresthiidae). Photographs of adults and illustrations of genitalia, when available, are provided for all described species of Philonome and two species previously misplaced in Philonome, Argyresthialuteella (Chambers, 1875) and Elachistaalbella (Chambers, 1877). In addition, DNA barcodes were used for the delimitation of most species.

No MeSH data available.