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Adsorption of nucleic Acid bases, ribose, and phosphate by some clay minerals.

Hashizume H - Life (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: The interactions of clay minerals with biopolymers, including RNA, have been the subject of many investigations.The behavior of RNA components at clay mineral surfaces needs to be assessed if we are to appreciate how clays might catalyze the formation of nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides in the "RNA world".Here, we review the interactions of some clay minerals with RNA components.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba 305-0044, Japan. hashizume.hideo@nims.go.jp.

ABSTRACT
Besides having a large capacity for taking up organic molecules, clay minerals can catalyze a variety of organic reactions. Derived from rock weathering, clay minerals would have been abundant in the early Earth. As such, they might be expected to play a role in chemical evolution. The interactions of clay minerals with biopolymers, including RNA, have been the subject of many investigations. The behavior of RNA components at clay mineral surfaces needs to be assessed if we are to appreciate how clays might catalyze the formation of nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides in the "RNA world". The adsorption of purines, pyrimidines and nucleosides from aqueous solution to clay minerals is affected by suspension pH. With montmorillonite, adsorption is also influenced by the nature of the exchangeable cations. Here, we review the interactions of some clay minerals with RNA components.

No MeSH data available.


Isotherms for adsorption of adenosine by allophane at pH 4, 6, and 8.
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life-05-00637-f005: Isotherms for adsorption of adenosine by allophane at pH 4, 6, and 8.

Mentions: Hashizume and Theng [44] have determined the isotherms for the adsorption of adenine, adenosine, ribose, and 5'-AMP by allophane at pH 4, 6, and 8 (Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6 and Figure 7). Little adenine is adsorbed at all three pH values. As for adenine, adsorption of adenosine increases in the following order: pH 4 < pH 6 < pH 8 (Figure 5). A similar trend was observed with ribose (Figure 6). The adsorption of adenosine would be affected by the adenine component of adenosine. The ribose component of adenosine did not affect adenosine adsorption.


Adsorption of nucleic Acid bases, ribose, and phosphate by some clay minerals.

Hashizume H - Life (Basel) (2015)

Isotherms for adsorption of adenosine by allophane at pH 4, 6, and 8.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4390872&req=5

life-05-00637-f005: Isotherms for adsorption of adenosine by allophane at pH 4, 6, and 8.
Mentions: Hashizume and Theng [44] have determined the isotherms for the adsorption of adenine, adenosine, ribose, and 5'-AMP by allophane at pH 4, 6, and 8 (Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6 and Figure 7). Little adenine is adsorbed at all three pH values. As for adenine, adsorption of adenosine increases in the following order: pH 4 < pH 6 < pH 8 (Figure 5). A similar trend was observed with ribose (Figure 6). The adsorption of adenosine would be affected by the adenine component of adenosine. The ribose component of adenosine did not affect adenosine adsorption.

Bottom Line: The interactions of clay minerals with biopolymers, including RNA, have been the subject of many investigations.The behavior of RNA components at clay mineral surfaces needs to be assessed if we are to appreciate how clays might catalyze the formation of nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides in the "RNA world".Here, we review the interactions of some clay minerals with RNA components.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba 305-0044, Japan. hashizume.hideo@nims.go.jp.

ABSTRACT
Besides having a large capacity for taking up organic molecules, clay minerals can catalyze a variety of organic reactions. Derived from rock weathering, clay minerals would have been abundant in the early Earth. As such, they might be expected to play a role in chemical evolution. The interactions of clay minerals with biopolymers, including RNA, have been the subject of many investigations. The behavior of RNA components at clay mineral surfaces needs to be assessed if we are to appreciate how clays might catalyze the formation of nucleosides, nucleotides and polynucleotides in the "RNA world". The adsorption of purines, pyrimidines and nucleosides from aqueous solution to clay minerals is affected by suspension pH. With montmorillonite, adsorption is also influenced by the nature of the exchangeable cations. Here, we review the interactions of some clay minerals with RNA components.

No MeSH data available.