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Quantifying regional differences in the length of Twitter messages.

Alis CM, Lim MT, Moat HS, Barchiesi D, Preis T, Bishop SR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Previous studies of utterances in books, movies and Twitter have shown that most of these utterances, when transcribed, are much shorter than 140 characters.Furthermore, the median length of Twitter messages was found to vary across US states.We find that the median message length, depending on grouping, can differ by up to 2 characters.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
The increasing usage of social media for conversations, together with the availability of its data to researchers, provides an opportunity to study human conversations on a large scale. Twitter, which allows its users to post messages of up to a limit of 140 characters, is one such social media. Previous studies of utterances in books, movies and Twitter have shown that most of these utterances, when transcribed, are much shorter than 140 characters. Furthermore, the median length of Twitter messages was found to vary across US states. Here, we investigate whether the length of Twitter messages varies across different regions in the UK. We find that the median message length, depending on grouping, can differ by up to 2 characters.

No MeSH data available.


Median message lengths, in characters, for different groupings of districts.Combining Northern England with other parts of UK to form (a) Northern UK and (b) Northern Great Britain results in median message lengths equal to that of Southern England. (c) Northern England, by itself, would have the longest median message length but (d) grouping it with the Midlands results in the same median message length as for Southern England. The median message length of the (e) union of the Midlands and Southern England is smaller by one character than that of Northern England, consistent with the stereotype. Computing the median message lengths of the (f) other home countries yields three groups: Southern England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Midlands and Scotland, and Northern England.
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pone.0122278.g002: Median message lengths, in characters, for different groupings of districts.Combining Northern England with other parts of UK to form (a) Northern UK and (b) Northern Great Britain results in median message lengths equal to that of Southern England. (c) Northern England, by itself, would have the longest median message length but (d) grouping it with the Midlands results in the same median message length as for Southern England. The median message length of the (e) union of the Midlands and Southern England is smaller by one character than that of Northern England, consistent with the stereotype. Computing the median message lengths of the (f) other home countries yields three groups: Southern England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Midlands and Scotland, and Northern England.

Mentions: Grouping the tweets into Southern England, the Midlands and Northern UK (that is, Northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland) reveals a 1-character difference in the median message length (Fig. 2a) of the Midlands (44 characters) compared to the rest of UK, which is very small but statistically significant (Kruskal-Wallis, H = 471.2, p < 0.001, n = 3, N = 3,443,773). Note that for all statistics reported throughout this manuscript, p refers to the p-value associated with the reported statistic. We also investigate the properties of a Northern Great Britain group, created by excluding Northern Ireland from the Northern UK group. However, this results in the same median message length (Fig. 2b) as for Northern UK. Further excluding Scotland and Wales from the Northern Great Britain group yields a median message length (Fig. 2c) of 46 characters, which is greater than both the Midlands and Southern England, and almost consistent with the stereotype.


Quantifying regional differences in the length of Twitter messages.

Alis CM, Lim MT, Moat HS, Barchiesi D, Preis T, Bishop SR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Median message lengths, in characters, for different groupings of districts.Combining Northern England with other parts of UK to form (a) Northern UK and (b) Northern Great Britain results in median message lengths equal to that of Southern England. (c) Northern England, by itself, would have the longest median message length but (d) grouping it with the Midlands results in the same median message length as for Southern England. The median message length of the (e) union of the Midlands and Southern England is smaller by one character than that of Northern England, consistent with the stereotype. Computing the median message lengths of the (f) other home countries yields three groups: Southern England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Midlands and Scotland, and Northern England.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4390308&req=5

pone.0122278.g002: Median message lengths, in characters, for different groupings of districts.Combining Northern England with other parts of UK to form (a) Northern UK and (b) Northern Great Britain results in median message lengths equal to that of Southern England. (c) Northern England, by itself, would have the longest median message length but (d) grouping it with the Midlands results in the same median message length as for Southern England. The median message length of the (e) union of the Midlands and Southern England is smaller by one character than that of Northern England, consistent with the stereotype. Computing the median message lengths of the (f) other home countries yields three groups: Southern England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the Midlands and Scotland, and Northern England.
Mentions: Grouping the tweets into Southern England, the Midlands and Northern UK (that is, Northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland) reveals a 1-character difference in the median message length (Fig. 2a) of the Midlands (44 characters) compared to the rest of UK, which is very small but statistically significant (Kruskal-Wallis, H = 471.2, p < 0.001, n = 3, N = 3,443,773). Note that for all statistics reported throughout this manuscript, p refers to the p-value associated with the reported statistic. We also investigate the properties of a Northern Great Britain group, created by excluding Northern Ireland from the Northern UK group. However, this results in the same median message length (Fig. 2b) as for Northern UK. Further excluding Scotland and Wales from the Northern Great Britain group yields a median message length (Fig. 2c) of 46 characters, which is greater than both the Midlands and Southern England, and almost consistent with the stereotype.

Bottom Line: Previous studies of utterances in books, movies and Twitter have shown that most of these utterances, when transcribed, are much shorter than 140 characters.Furthermore, the median length of Twitter messages was found to vary across US states.We find that the median message length, depending on grouping, can differ by up to 2 characters.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
The increasing usage of social media for conversations, together with the availability of its data to researchers, provides an opportunity to study human conversations on a large scale. Twitter, which allows its users to post messages of up to a limit of 140 characters, is one such social media. Previous studies of utterances in books, movies and Twitter have shown that most of these utterances, when transcribed, are much shorter than 140 characters. Furthermore, the median length of Twitter messages was found to vary across US states. Here, we investigate whether the length of Twitter messages varies across different regions in the UK. We find that the median message length, depending on grouping, can differ by up to 2 characters.

No MeSH data available.