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The native flora of Mountain Panachaikon (Peloponnese, Greece): new records and diversity.

Kokkoris I, Dimitrellos G, Kougioumoutzis K, Laliotis I, Georgiadis T, Tiniakou A - J Biol Res (Thessalon) (2014)

Bottom Line: Greece, compared with other mountains of N.It also exhibits a rather high proportion of Balkan endemics, in relation to its geographic location, and some genuine arctic-alpine taxa.These indicate that Mt.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Plant Biology, Department of Biology, University of Patras, Rion, Patras, 26500 Greece.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study presents the native flora of Mountain Panachaikon (N.W. Peloponnese, Greece), after extensive field work (from ~700 to 1900 m) and critical literature review.

Results: The vascular native flora of Mt. Panachaikon comprises 757 taxa, 95 of which are Greek endemics, 79 are Balkan endemics, while 229 taxa are reported here for the first time. The known distribution of the Greek endemics Alyssum montanum subsp. montanum var. graecum, Carum heldreichii, Cirsium heldreichii, Genista milii, Minuartia eurytanica and Seseli parnassicum is expanded, being reported for the first time for the floristic region of Peloponnese, and the number of the known populations of the Near Threatened Gymnospermium altaicum subsp. peloponnesiacum is increased.

Conclusions: The study area appears to have the second highest endemism and the highest one in W. Greece, compared with other mountains of N. Peloponnese and Sterea Ellada, while 22.10% of the endemics are protected and/or evaluated as Near Threatened to Endangered. It also exhibits a rather high proportion of Balkan endemics, in relation to its geographic location, and some genuine arctic-alpine taxa. These indicate that Mt. Panachaikon can be rendered as a plant diversity hotspot in the Peloponnese.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Map of the study area. Topographic map of North Peloponnese-Greece, indicating the study area of Mt. Panachaikon (1926 m).
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Fig1: Map of the study area. Topographic map of North Peloponnese-Greece, indicating the study area of Mt. Panachaikon (1926 m).

Mentions: Mt. Panachaikon is located at the northwestern part of the floristic region of Peloponnese, east-southeast of the city of Patras (Figure 1). It is characterized by a multifarious relief with many different inclinations and exposures and has numerous peaks, the highest being Voidias (1926 m). Geotectonically, Mt. Panachaikon constitutes a representative part of the Olonos-Pindhos geotectonic zone [51–53]. It is characterized by a variety of geological substrates and soil types, comprising sediments of the alpine orogenetic belt (limestones, schists, flysh rocks and radiolarites) that are strongly fractured, as well as Pliocene and Quaternary formations of alternating layered sediments (marls, clays, conglometates, gravel). Numerous gorges and streams interrupt the latter formations and control the study area’s hydrological conditions [54].Figure 1


The native flora of Mountain Panachaikon (Peloponnese, Greece): new records and diversity.

Kokkoris I, Dimitrellos G, Kougioumoutzis K, Laliotis I, Georgiadis T, Tiniakou A - J Biol Res (Thessalon) (2014)

Map of the study area. Topographic map of North Peloponnese-Greece, indicating the study area of Mt. Panachaikon (1926 m).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4389996&req=5

Fig1: Map of the study area. Topographic map of North Peloponnese-Greece, indicating the study area of Mt. Panachaikon (1926 m).
Mentions: Mt. Panachaikon is located at the northwestern part of the floristic region of Peloponnese, east-southeast of the city of Patras (Figure 1). It is characterized by a multifarious relief with many different inclinations and exposures and has numerous peaks, the highest being Voidias (1926 m). Geotectonically, Mt. Panachaikon constitutes a representative part of the Olonos-Pindhos geotectonic zone [51–53]. It is characterized by a variety of geological substrates and soil types, comprising sediments of the alpine orogenetic belt (limestones, schists, flysh rocks and radiolarites) that are strongly fractured, as well as Pliocene and Quaternary formations of alternating layered sediments (marls, clays, conglometates, gravel). Numerous gorges and streams interrupt the latter formations and control the study area’s hydrological conditions [54].Figure 1

Bottom Line: Greece, compared with other mountains of N.It also exhibits a rather high proportion of Balkan endemics, in relation to its geographic location, and some genuine arctic-alpine taxa.These indicate that Mt.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Plant Biology, Department of Biology, University of Patras, Rion, Patras, 26500 Greece.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study presents the native flora of Mountain Panachaikon (N.W. Peloponnese, Greece), after extensive field work (from ~700 to 1900 m) and critical literature review.

Results: The vascular native flora of Mt. Panachaikon comprises 757 taxa, 95 of which are Greek endemics, 79 are Balkan endemics, while 229 taxa are reported here for the first time. The known distribution of the Greek endemics Alyssum montanum subsp. montanum var. graecum, Carum heldreichii, Cirsium heldreichii, Genista milii, Minuartia eurytanica and Seseli parnassicum is expanded, being reported for the first time for the floristic region of Peloponnese, and the number of the known populations of the Near Threatened Gymnospermium altaicum subsp. peloponnesiacum is increased.

Conclusions: The study area appears to have the second highest endemism and the highest one in W. Greece, compared with other mountains of N. Peloponnese and Sterea Ellada, while 22.10% of the endemics are protected and/or evaluated as Near Threatened to Endangered. It also exhibits a rather high proportion of Balkan endemics, in relation to its geographic location, and some genuine arctic-alpine taxa. These indicate that Mt. Panachaikon can be rendered as a plant diversity hotspot in the Peloponnese.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus