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Seven new species of Spathidexia Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica.

Fleming AJ, Wood DM, Janzen D, Hallwachs W, Smith MA - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Bottom Line: All are known to be previously undescribed as a result of a comprehensive study of the genus by DMW.Minthodexiopsis Townsend is proposed by Wood as a new synonym of Spathidexia.A new combination proposed by Wood as a result of the new synonymy is S.flavicornis (Brauer & Bergenstamm) comb. n.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Agriculture Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

ABSTRACT
We describe seven new species of Spathidexia (Diptera: Tachinidae) reared from Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG), northwestern Costa Rica. All were reared from -various species of ACG caterpillars during an ongoing inventory of caterpillars, their food plants and their parasitoids. By coupling morphology, photographic documentation, life history and molecular data, we provide a clear and concise description of each species. All are known to be previously undescribed as a result of a comprehensive study of the genus by DMW. Spathidexiaatripalpus sp. n., Spathidexiajuanvialesi sp. n., Spathidexiamarioburgosi sp. n., Spathidexialuisrobertogallegosi sp. n., Spathidexialuteola sp. n., Spathidexiahernanrodriguezi sp. n. and Spathidexiaaurantiaca sp. n. are all authored and described by Fleming and Wood. Minthodexiopsis Townsend is proposed by Wood as a new synonym of Spathidexia. A new combination proposed by Wood as a result of the new synonymy is S.flavicornis (Brauer & Bergenstamm) comb. n.

No MeSH data available.


female lateral.
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Figure 893766: female lateral.

Mentions: Female(Fig. 7a, b, c), (to date only females have been reared from the inventory efforts) head: Frontal vitta light to dark brown, apically twice as wide as ocellar triangle, face 3 times as wide as frontal vitta; frontal bristles arise no lower than level of pedicel; lacking yellow hairs lining the margin of the frontal vitta; antenna bearing a black first flagellomere on an orange pedicel; arista black and plumose, sparsely haired with widely interspersed trichia at least 2 times as long as width of base of arista, tapering at apex of arista; proclinate orbital bristles present; parafrontal entirely silver, sparse minute hairs over upper half of fronto-orbital plate; parafacial silver; palpi orange with black bulbous tips; lacking any supravibrissal hairs. Thorax: dull grey when viewed dorsally, longitudinal vittae smudging together presuturally appearing as two black smudges separated by grey, then into a large precircular dark smudge post suturally. Vittae are nor readily discernible as bands; scutellum dark over more than 2/3 of its surface becoming grey apically concolorous with rest of thorax; anterior pair of legs yellow from coxae to tibiae, anterior femur bearing silvery pruinosity on yellow ground color, 2nd and 3rd pair of legs yellow from coxae to ½ of femur, with black from tibiae to tarsi. Wings: pale smoky greyish in color, vein R4+5 setose beyond crossvein r-m, but ending approximately 1/3 of vein length away from wing margin; R1 haired along its entirety. Abdomen: abdominal tergites dark shiny black medially, with bright grey band covering 1/3rd or more of tergal surface arising at the anterior margins of abdominal tergites T4 and T5, these bands wrapping around to the underside. T3 does not bear these grey bands of pruinosity but there is a conspicuous lack of pruinosity and bristles along the anterior margin of T3. Bright yellow blotches appear along tergites T1+2, T3 and the anterior margin of T4; T3, T4 and T5 possessing medial marginal bristles, ovipositor concealed within segment 5. Lateral marginal bristles on T1+2. Lacking any discernible small yellow hairs over entire body, not as hirsute as other species, in particular lacking along anepimeron, and from underside of T1+2.


Seven new species of Spathidexia Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) reared from caterpillars in Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica.

Fleming AJ, Wood DM, Janzen D, Hallwachs W, Smith MA - Biodivers Data J (2015)

female lateral.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385903&req=5

Figure 893766: female lateral.
Mentions: Female(Fig. 7a, b, c), (to date only females have been reared from the inventory efforts) head: Frontal vitta light to dark brown, apically twice as wide as ocellar triangle, face 3 times as wide as frontal vitta; frontal bristles arise no lower than level of pedicel; lacking yellow hairs lining the margin of the frontal vitta; antenna bearing a black first flagellomere on an orange pedicel; arista black and plumose, sparsely haired with widely interspersed trichia at least 2 times as long as width of base of arista, tapering at apex of arista; proclinate orbital bristles present; parafrontal entirely silver, sparse minute hairs over upper half of fronto-orbital plate; parafacial silver; palpi orange with black bulbous tips; lacking any supravibrissal hairs. Thorax: dull grey when viewed dorsally, longitudinal vittae smudging together presuturally appearing as two black smudges separated by grey, then into a large precircular dark smudge post suturally. Vittae are nor readily discernible as bands; scutellum dark over more than 2/3 of its surface becoming grey apically concolorous with rest of thorax; anterior pair of legs yellow from coxae to tibiae, anterior femur bearing silvery pruinosity on yellow ground color, 2nd and 3rd pair of legs yellow from coxae to ½ of femur, with black from tibiae to tarsi. Wings: pale smoky greyish in color, vein R4+5 setose beyond crossvein r-m, but ending approximately 1/3 of vein length away from wing margin; R1 haired along its entirety. Abdomen: abdominal tergites dark shiny black medially, with bright grey band covering 1/3rd or more of tergal surface arising at the anterior margins of abdominal tergites T4 and T5, these bands wrapping around to the underside. T3 does not bear these grey bands of pruinosity but there is a conspicuous lack of pruinosity and bristles along the anterior margin of T3. Bright yellow blotches appear along tergites T1+2, T3 and the anterior margin of T4; T3, T4 and T5 possessing medial marginal bristles, ovipositor concealed within segment 5. Lateral marginal bristles on T1+2. Lacking any discernible small yellow hairs over entire body, not as hirsute as other species, in particular lacking along anepimeron, and from underside of T1+2.

Bottom Line: All are known to be previously undescribed as a result of a comprehensive study of the genus by DMW.Minthodexiopsis Townsend is proposed by Wood as a new synonym of Spathidexia.A new combination proposed by Wood as a result of the new synonymy is S.flavicornis (Brauer & Bergenstamm) comb. n.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Agriculture Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

ABSTRACT
We describe seven new species of Spathidexia (Diptera: Tachinidae) reared from Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG), northwestern Costa Rica. All were reared from -various species of ACG caterpillars during an ongoing inventory of caterpillars, their food plants and their parasitoids. By coupling morphology, photographic documentation, life history and molecular data, we provide a clear and concise description of each species. All are known to be previously undescribed as a result of a comprehensive study of the genus by DMW. Spathidexiaatripalpus sp. n., Spathidexiajuanvialesi sp. n., Spathidexiamarioburgosi sp. n., Spathidexialuisrobertogallegosi sp. n., Spathidexialuteola sp. n., Spathidexiahernanrodriguezi sp. n. and Spathidexiaaurantiaca sp. n. are all authored and described by Fleming and Wood. Minthodexiopsis Townsend is proposed by Wood as a new synonym of Spathidexia. A new combination proposed by Wood as a result of the new synonymy is S.flavicornis (Brauer & Bergenstamm) comb. n.

No MeSH data available.