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A novel psychovisual threshold on large DCT for image compression.

Abu NA, Ernawan F - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Bottom Line: The psychovisual threshold on the large image block provides significant improvement in the quality of output images.The experimental results on large quantization tables from psychovisual threshold produce largely free artifacts in the visual output image.Besides, the experimental results show that the concept of psychovisual threshold produces better quality image at the higher compression rate than JPEG image compression.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Melaka, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
A psychovisual experiment prescribes the quantization values in image compression. The quantization process is used as a threshold of the human visual system tolerance to reduce the amount of encoded transform coefficients. It is very challenging to generate an optimal quantization value based on the contribution of the transform coefficient at each frequency order. The psychovisual threshold represents the sensitivity of the human visual perception at each frequency order to the image reconstruction. An ideal contribution of the transform at each frequency order will be the primitive of the psychovisual threshold in image compression. This research study proposes a psychovisual threshold on the large discrete cosine transform (DCT) image block which will be used to automatically generate the much needed quantization tables. The proposed psychovisual threshold will be used to prescribe the quantization values at each frequency order. The psychovisual threshold on the large image block provides significant improvement in the quality of output images. The experimental results on large quantization tables from psychovisual threshold produce largely free artifacts in the visual output image. Besides, the experimental results show that the concept of psychovisual threshold produces better quality image at the higher compression rate than JPEG image compression.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The absolute threshold of hearing under quiet condition.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385660&req=5

fig1: The absolute threshold of hearing under quiet condition.

Mentions: Psychoacoustics is the study on how humans perceive sound or human hearing. Psychoacoustic studies show that the sound can only be heard at certain or higher sound pressure levels (SPL) across frequency order [16]. The psychoacoustics indicates that human hearing sensation has a selective sensitivity to different frequencies [17]. In the noise-free environment, the human ear audibility requires different loudness across various frequency orders. The sound loudness that the human audibility can hear is called the absolute hearing threshold [18] as depicted in Figure 1.


A novel psychovisual threshold on large DCT for image compression.

Abu NA, Ernawan F - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

The absolute threshold of hearing under quiet condition.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385660&req=5

fig1: The absolute threshold of hearing under quiet condition.
Mentions: Psychoacoustics is the study on how humans perceive sound or human hearing. Psychoacoustic studies show that the sound can only be heard at certain or higher sound pressure levels (SPL) across frequency order [16]. The psychoacoustics indicates that human hearing sensation has a selective sensitivity to different frequencies [17]. In the noise-free environment, the human ear audibility requires different loudness across various frequency orders. The sound loudness that the human audibility can hear is called the absolute hearing threshold [18] as depicted in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: The psychovisual threshold on the large image block provides significant improvement in the quality of output images.The experimental results on large quantization tables from psychovisual threshold produce largely free artifacts in the visual output image.Besides, the experimental results show that the concept of psychovisual threshold produces better quality image at the higher compression rate than JPEG image compression.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Melaka, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
A psychovisual experiment prescribes the quantization values in image compression. The quantization process is used as a threshold of the human visual system tolerance to reduce the amount of encoded transform coefficients. It is very challenging to generate an optimal quantization value based on the contribution of the transform coefficient at each frequency order. The psychovisual threshold represents the sensitivity of the human visual perception at each frequency order to the image reconstruction. An ideal contribution of the transform at each frequency order will be the primitive of the psychovisual threshold in image compression. This research study proposes a psychovisual threshold on the large discrete cosine transform (DCT) image block which will be used to automatically generate the much needed quantization tables. The proposed psychovisual threshold will be used to prescribe the quantization values at each frequency order. The psychovisual threshold on the large image block provides significant improvement in the quality of output images. The experimental results on large quantization tables from psychovisual threshold produce largely free artifacts in the visual output image. Besides, the experimental results show that the concept of psychovisual threshold produces better quality image at the higher compression rate than JPEG image compression.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus