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A distributed multiagent system architecture for body area networks applied to healthcare monitoring.

Felisberto F, Laza R, Fdez-Riverola F, Pereira A - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: In the last years the area of health monitoring has grown significantly, attracting the attention of both academia and commercial sectors.In this context, we present an open and distributed architecture based on a multiagent system for recognizing human movements, identifying human postures, and detecting harmful activities.Moreover, we also characterize its performance, enabling future analyses and comparisons with similar approaches.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Fundação Para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Foundation for Science and Technology, 1249-074 Lisbon, Portugal ; Higher Technical School of Computer Engineering, University of Vigo, Polytechnic Building, Campus Universitario As Lagoas s/n, 32004 Ourense, Spain.

ABSTRACT
In the last years the area of health monitoring has grown significantly, attracting the attention of both academia and commercial sectors. At the same time, the availability of new biomedical sensors and suitable network protocols has led to the appearance of a new generation of wireless sensor networks, the so-called wireless body area networks. Nowadays, these networks are routinely used for continuous monitoring of vital parameters, movement, and the surrounding environment of people, but the large volume of data generated in different locations represents a major obstacle for the appropriate design, development, and deployment of more elaborated intelligent systems. In this context, we present an open and distributed architecture based on a multiagent system for recognizing human movements, identifying human postures, and detecting harmful activities. The proposed system evolved from a single node for fall detection to a multisensor hardware solution capable of identifying unhampered falls and analyzing the users' movement. The experiments carried out contemplate two different scenarios and demonstrate the accuracy of our proposal as a real distributed movement monitoring and accident detection system. Moreover, we also characterize its performance, enabling future analyses and comparisons with similar approaches.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Visual representation of all the parts that make up the physical system architecture.
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fig2: Visual representation of all the parts that make up the physical system architecture.

Mentions: In our system, there are four main constituents of its architecture: (i) the individual node, (ii) the BAN communication medium, (iii) the remote server (RS), and (iv) the communication medium between the BAN and the RS. Figure 2 shows a visual representation of all the elements. The system architecture shown in Figure 2 intends to use a technological solution to recognize human movement, identify human postures, and detect harmful activities for preventing risk situations. To achieve these goals, tiny sensors nodes with wireless communication, computational and energy harvesting capabilities are networked around the human body forming a wireless body area network.


A distributed multiagent system architecture for body area networks applied to healthcare monitoring.

Felisberto F, Laza R, Fdez-Riverola F, Pereira A - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Visual representation of all the parts that make up the physical system architecture.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385603&req=5

fig2: Visual representation of all the parts that make up the physical system architecture.
Mentions: In our system, there are four main constituents of its architecture: (i) the individual node, (ii) the BAN communication medium, (iii) the remote server (RS), and (iv) the communication medium between the BAN and the RS. Figure 2 shows a visual representation of all the elements. The system architecture shown in Figure 2 intends to use a technological solution to recognize human movement, identify human postures, and detect harmful activities for preventing risk situations. To achieve these goals, tiny sensors nodes with wireless communication, computational and energy harvesting capabilities are networked around the human body forming a wireless body area network.

Bottom Line: In the last years the area of health monitoring has grown significantly, attracting the attention of both academia and commercial sectors.In this context, we present an open and distributed architecture based on a multiagent system for recognizing human movements, identifying human postures, and detecting harmful activities.Moreover, we also characterize its performance, enabling future analyses and comparisons with similar approaches.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Fundação Para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Foundation for Science and Technology, 1249-074 Lisbon, Portugal ; Higher Technical School of Computer Engineering, University of Vigo, Polytechnic Building, Campus Universitario As Lagoas s/n, 32004 Ourense, Spain.

ABSTRACT
In the last years the area of health monitoring has grown significantly, attracting the attention of both academia and commercial sectors. At the same time, the availability of new biomedical sensors and suitable network protocols has led to the appearance of a new generation of wireless sensor networks, the so-called wireless body area networks. Nowadays, these networks are routinely used for continuous monitoring of vital parameters, movement, and the surrounding environment of people, but the large volume of data generated in different locations represents a major obstacle for the appropriate design, development, and deployment of more elaborated intelligent systems. In this context, we present an open and distributed architecture based on a multiagent system for recognizing human movements, identifying human postures, and detecting harmful activities. The proposed system evolved from a single node for fall detection to a multisensor hardware solution capable of identifying unhampered falls and analyzing the users' movement. The experiments carried out contemplate two different scenarios and demonstrate the accuracy of our proposal as a real distributed movement monitoring and accident detection system. Moreover, we also characterize its performance, enabling future analyses and comparisons with similar approaches.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus