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Vector borne infections in Italy: results of the integrated surveillance system for West Nile disease in 2013.

Napoli C, Iannetti S, Rizzo C, Bella A, Di Sabatino D, Bruno R, Sauro F, Martini V, Santucci VU, Declich S, Calistri P - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: The epidemiology of West Nile disease (WND) is influenced by multiple ecological factors and, therefore, integrated surveillance systems are needed for early detecting the infection and activating consequent control actions.As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required.An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy.

ABSTRACT
The epidemiology of West Nile disease (WND) is influenced by multiple ecological factors and, therefore, integrated surveillance systems are needed for early detecting the infection and activating consequent control actions. As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required. An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health. This paper describes the integrated surveillance system for WND in Italy, which incorporates data from veterinary and human side in order to evaluate the burden of infection in animals and humans and provide the public health authorities at regional and national levels with the information needed for a fine tune response.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Regions under surveillance for human WNND, Italy 2013.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig3: Regions under surveillance for human WNND, Italy 2013.

Mentions: From 15 June to 30 November 2013, 44 autochthonous human cases of WNND were confirmed. The majority of patients were male (61.3%) with a median age of 73 years (range: 42–89 years). The onset of cases ranged between 21 July and 21 September: 75% had the symptoms onset in August, which represented the peak month in 2013 (Figure 3). None of the cases travelled abroad during the incubation period.


Vector borne infections in Italy: results of the integrated surveillance system for West Nile disease in 2013.

Napoli C, Iannetti S, Rizzo C, Bella A, Di Sabatino D, Bruno R, Sauro F, Martini V, Santucci VU, Declich S, Calistri P - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Regions under surveillance for human WNND, Italy 2013.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385594&req=5

fig3: Regions under surveillance for human WNND, Italy 2013.
Mentions: From 15 June to 30 November 2013, 44 autochthonous human cases of WNND were confirmed. The majority of patients were male (61.3%) with a median age of 73 years (range: 42–89 years). The onset of cases ranged between 21 July and 21 September: 75% had the symptoms onset in August, which represented the peak month in 2013 (Figure 3). None of the cases travelled abroad during the incubation period.

Bottom Line: The epidemiology of West Nile disease (WND) is influenced by multiple ecological factors and, therefore, integrated surveillance systems are needed for early detecting the infection and activating consequent control actions.As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required.An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy.

ABSTRACT
The epidemiology of West Nile disease (WND) is influenced by multiple ecological factors and, therefore, integrated surveillance systems are needed for early detecting the infection and activating consequent control actions. As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required. An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health. This paper describes the integrated surveillance system for WND in Italy, which incorporates data from veterinary and human side in order to evaluate the burden of infection in animals and humans and provide the public health authorities at regional and national levels with the information needed for a fine tune response.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus