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Vector borne infections in Italy: results of the integrated surveillance system for West Nile disease in 2013.

Napoli C, Iannetti S, Rizzo C, Bella A, Di Sabatino D, Bruno R, Sauro F, Martini V, Santucci VU, Declich S, Calistri P - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required.An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health.This paper describes the integrated surveillance system for WND in Italy, which incorporates data from veterinary and human side in order to evaluate the burden of infection in animals and humans and provide the public health authorities at regional and national levels with the information needed for a fine tune response.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy.

ABSTRACT
The epidemiology of West Nile disease (WND) is influenced by multiple ecological factors and, therefore, integrated surveillance systems are needed for early detecting the infection and activating consequent control actions. As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required. An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health. This paper describes the integrated surveillance system for WND in Italy, which incorporates data from veterinary and human side in order to evaluate the burden of infection in animals and humans and provide the public health authorities at regional and national levels with the information needed for a fine tune response.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The web-based integrated surveillance system.
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fig2: The web-based integrated surveillance system.

Mentions: The data flow in the web-based integrated surveillance system is shown in Figure 2.


Vector borne infections in Italy: results of the integrated surveillance system for West Nile disease in 2013.

Napoli C, Iannetti S, Rizzo C, Bella A, Di Sabatino D, Bruno R, Sauro F, Martini V, Santucci VU, Declich S, Calistri P - Biomed Res Int (2015)

The web-based integrated surveillance system.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385594&req=5

fig2: The web-based integrated surveillance system.
Mentions: The data flow in the web-based integrated surveillance system is shown in Figure 2.

Bottom Line: As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required.An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health.This paper describes the integrated surveillance system for WND in Italy, which incorporates data from veterinary and human side in order to evaluate the burden of infection in animals and humans and provide the public health authorities at regional and national levels with the information needed for a fine tune response.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma, Italy.

ABSTRACT
The epidemiology of West Nile disease (WND) is influenced by multiple ecological factors and, therefore, integrated surveillance systems are needed for early detecting the infection and activating consequent control actions. As different animal species have different importance in the maintenance and in the spread of the infection, a multispecies surveillance approach is required. An integrated and comprehensive surveillance system is in place in Italy aiming at early detecting the virus introduction, monitoring the possible infection spread, and implementing preventive measures for human health. This paper describes the integrated surveillance system for WND in Italy, which incorporates data from veterinary and human side in order to evaluate the burden of infection in animals and humans and provide the public health authorities at regional and national levels with the information needed for a fine tune response.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus