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Current status and future potential of energy derived from Chinese agricultural land: a review.

Zhai N, Mao C, Feng Y, Zhang T, Xing Z, Wang Y, Zou S, Yin D, Han X, Ren G, Yang G - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Energy crisis is receiving attention with regard to the global economy and environmental sustainable development.Developing new energy resources to optimize the energy supply structure has become an important measure to prevent energy shortage as well as achieving energy conservation and emission reduction in China.Developing the function of traditional agriculture in food production may promote China's social, economic, and environmental sustainable development and achieve energy saving and emission reduction.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, P.O. Box 95, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China ; The Research Center of Recycle Agricultural Engineering and Technology of Shaanxi Province, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.

ABSTRACT
Energy crisis is receiving attention with regard to the global economy and environmental sustainable development. Developing new energy resources to optimize the energy supply structure has become an important measure to prevent energy shortage as well as achieving energy conservation and emission reduction in China. This study proposed the concept of energy agriculture and constructed an energy agricultural technical support system based on the analysis of energy supply and demand and China's foreign dependence on energy resources, combined with the function of agriculture in the energy field. Manufacturing technology equipment and agricultural and forestry energy, including crop or forestry plants and animal feces, were used in the system. The current status and future potential of China's marginal land resources, energy crop germplasm resources, and agricultural and forestry waste energy-oriented resources were analyzed. Developing the function of traditional agriculture in food production may promote China's social, economic, and environmental sustainable development and achieve energy saving and emission reduction.

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Diagram of energy agriculture concepts and characteristics.
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fig2: Diagram of energy agriculture concepts and characteristics.

Mentions: Cultivating plant oil sources is the best explanation for energy agriculture, which is an academic concept that appeared in recent years. The first Chinese official publications on energy agriculture were “Shallow Theory of the Development of China's Energy Agriculture” by Yao [33] and “Necessity and Strategy of Development of Energy-Oriented-Agriculture” by Feng et al. [34]. Both studies discuss the concept of energy agriculture. Yao regarded energy agriculture as agricultural production and related activities for providing energy resources and transforming products. Feng et al. reported that energy agriculture aims to convert solar energy into an energy that can be used directly. The energy agriculture proposed by Lu aims to produce energy [35]. Hu and Gu [36] considered that energy agriculture includes various energy utilization patterns; the main development resource was biomass energy. According to Li [37], energy agriculture is a motivation to produce high-value crops with high biomass energy content. Biomass energy locked in biomass crops will then be translated into energy that can be directly used for economic and social development. Xu et al. and Sun et al. [21, 38] generally regarded that energy agriculture is the foundation of biomass industry and a new form of agriculture that supplies raw materials to produce biomass energy. Based on previous studies and the special role of agriculture in solving energy problem, energy agriculture can be defined as an agricultural production activity, where solar energy is fixed through photosynthesis by green energy crops and then converted into energy that can be directly used by humans (Figure 2). Energy agriculture has the following characteristics.


Current status and future potential of energy derived from Chinese agricultural land: a review.

Zhai N, Mao C, Feng Y, Zhang T, Xing Z, Wang Y, Zou S, Yin D, Han X, Ren G, Yang G - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Diagram of energy agriculture concepts and characteristics.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385592&req=5

fig2: Diagram of energy agriculture concepts and characteristics.
Mentions: Cultivating plant oil sources is the best explanation for energy agriculture, which is an academic concept that appeared in recent years. The first Chinese official publications on energy agriculture were “Shallow Theory of the Development of China's Energy Agriculture” by Yao [33] and “Necessity and Strategy of Development of Energy-Oriented-Agriculture” by Feng et al. [34]. Both studies discuss the concept of energy agriculture. Yao regarded energy agriculture as agricultural production and related activities for providing energy resources and transforming products. Feng et al. reported that energy agriculture aims to convert solar energy into an energy that can be used directly. The energy agriculture proposed by Lu aims to produce energy [35]. Hu and Gu [36] considered that energy agriculture includes various energy utilization patterns; the main development resource was biomass energy. According to Li [37], energy agriculture is a motivation to produce high-value crops with high biomass energy content. Biomass energy locked in biomass crops will then be translated into energy that can be directly used for economic and social development. Xu et al. and Sun et al. [21, 38] generally regarded that energy agriculture is the foundation of biomass industry and a new form of agriculture that supplies raw materials to produce biomass energy. Based on previous studies and the special role of agriculture in solving energy problem, energy agriculture can be defined as an agricultural production activity, where solar energy is fixed through photosynthesis by green energy crops and then converted into energy that can be directly used by humans (Figure 2). Energy agriculture has the following characteristics.

Bottom Line: Energy crisis is receiving attention with regard to the global economy and environmental sustainable development.Developing new energy resources to optimize the energy supply structure has become an important measure to prevent energy shortage as well as achieving energy conservation and emission reduction in China.Developing the function of traditional agriculture in food production may promote China's social, economic, and environmental sustainable development and achieve energy saving and emission reduction.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, P.O. Box 95, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China ; The Research Center of Recycle Agricultural Engineering and Technology of Shaanxi Province, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.

ABSTRACT
Energy crisis is receiving attention with regard to the global economy and environmental sustainable development. Developing new energy resources to optimize the energy supply structure has become an important measure to prevent energy shortage as well as achieving energy conservation and emission reduction in China. This study proposed the concept of energy agriculture and constructed an energy agricultural technical support system based on the analysis of energy supply and demand and China's foreign dependence on energy resources, combined with the function of agriculture in the energy field. Manufacturing technology equipment and agricultural and forestry energy, including crop or forestry plants and animal feces, were used in the system. The current status and future potential of China's marginal land resources, energy crop germplasm resources, and agricultural and forestry waste energy-oriented resources were analyzed. Developing the function of traditional agriculture in food production may promote China's social, economic, and environmental sustainable development and achieve energy saving and emission reduction.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus