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Structural transformations in austenitic stainless steel induced by deuterium implantation: irradiation at 100 K.

Morozov O, Zhurba V, Neklyudov I, Mats O, Rud A, Chernyak N, Progolaieva V - Nanoscale Res Lett (2015)

Bottom Line: At saturation of austenitic stainless steel 18Cr10NiTi with deuterium by means of ion implantation, structural-phase changes take place, depending on the dose of implanted deuterium.The maximum attainable concentration of deuterium in steel is C = 1 (at.D/at.met. = 1/1).At C ≥ 0.5, two hydride phases are formed in the steel, the decay temperatures of which are 240 and 275 K.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Science Center "Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology", 1, Akademichna Street, 61108 Kharkiv, Ukraine.

ABSTRACT
Deuterium thermal desorption spectra were investigated on the samples of austenitic stainless steel 18Cr10NiTi preimplanted at 100 K with deuterium ions in the dose range from 3 × 10(15) to 5 × 10(18) D/cm(2). The kinetics of structural transformation development in the implantation steel layer was traced from deuterium thermodesorption spectra as a function of implanted deuterium concentration. At saturation of austenitic stainless steel 18Cr10NiTi with deuterium by means of ion implantation, structural-phase changes take place, depending on the dose of implanted deuterium. The maximum attainable concentration of deuterium in steel is C = 1 (at.D/at.met. = 1/1). The increase in the implanted dose of deuterium is accompanied by the increase in the retained deuterium content, and as soon as the deuterium concentration attains C ≈ 0.5 the process of shear martensitic structural transformation in steel takes place. It includes the formation of bands, body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure, and the ferromagnetic phase. Upon reaching the deuterium concentration C > 0.5, the presence of these molecules causes shear martensitic structural transformations in the steel, which include the formation of characteristic bands, bcc crystal structure, and the ferromagnetic phase. At C ≥ 0.5, two hydride phases are formed in the steel, the decay temperatures of which are 240 and 275 K. The hydride phases are formed in the bcc structure resulting from the martensitic structural transformation in steel.

No MeSH data available.


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Structure of 18Cr10NiTi steel: (a) initial and (b) after deuterium ion irradiation to a dose of 8.2 × 1017D/cm2. ×90,000 magnification. The inset in (b) shows the electron diffraction pattern.
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Fig5: Structure of 18Cr10NiTi steel: (a) initial and (b) after deuterium ion irradiation to a dose of 8.2 × 1017D/cm2. ×90,000 magnification. The inset in (b) shows the electron diffraction pattern.

Mentions: The electron microscope studies of the samples (see Figure 5) have confirmed the realization of the process of shear martensitic structural transformation on attainment of the concentration C ≥ 0.5 at.D/at.met.Figure 5


Structural transformations in austenitic stainless steel induced by deuterium implantation: irradiation at 100 K.

Morozov O, Zhurba V, Neklyudov I, Mats O, Rud A, Chernyak N, Progolaieva V - Nanoscale Res Lett (2015)

Structure of 18Cr10NiTi steel: (a) initial and (b) after deuterium ion irradiation to a dose of 8.2 × 1017D/cm2. ×90,000 magnification. The inset in (b) shows the electron diffraction pattern.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4385328&req=5

Fig5: Structure of 18Cr10NiTi steel: (a) initial and (b) after deuterium ion irradiation to a dose of 8.2 × 1017D/cm2. ×90,000 magnification. The inset in (b) shows the electron diffraction pattern.
Mentions: The electron microscope studies of the samples (see Figure 5) have confirmed the realization of the process of shear martensitic structural transformation on attainment of the concentration C ≥ 0.5 at.D/at.met.Figure 5

Bottom Line: At saturation of austenitic stainless steel 18Cr10NiTi with deuterium by means of ion implantation, structural-phase changes take place, depending on the dose of implanted deuterium.The maximum attainable concentration of deuterium in steel is C = 1 (at.D/at.met. = 1/1).At C ≥ 0.5, two hydride phases are formed in the steel, the decay temperatures of which are 240 and 275 K.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Science Center "Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology", 1, Akademichna Street, 61108 Kharkiv, Ukraine.

ABSTRACT
Deuterium thermal desorption spectra were investigated on the samples of austenitic stainless steel 18Cr10NiTi preimplanted at 100 K with deuterium ions in the dose range from 3 × 10(15) to 5 × 10(18) D/cm(2). The kinetics of structural transformation development in the implantation steel layer was traced from deuterium thermodesorption spectra as a function of implanted deuterium concentration. At saturation of austenitic stainless steel 18Cr10NiTi with deuterium by means of ion implantation, structural-phase changes take place, depending on the dose of implanted deuterium. The maximum attainable concentration of deuterium in steel is C = 1 (at.D/at.met. = 1/1). The increase in the implanted dose of deuterium is accompanied by the increase in the retained deuterium content, and as soon as the deuterium concentration attains C ≈ 0.5 the process of shear martensitic structural transformation in steel takes place. It includes the formation of bands, body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure, and the ferromagnetic phase. Upon reaching the deuterium concentration C > 0.5, the presence of these molecules causes shear martensitic structural transformations in the steel, which include the formation of characteristic bands, bcc crystal structure, and the ferromagnetic phase. At C ≥ 0.5, two hydride phases are formed in the steel, the decay temperatures of which are 240 and 275 K. The hydride phases are formed in the bcc structure resulting from the martensitic structural transformation in steel.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus