Limits...
Insulin resistance in early vs late nutrition and complications of sirs in neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU).

Pilika K, Roshi E - Med Arch (2015)

Bottom Line: There was no statistical age and gender difference between the two groups (P>0.05).No patient in early nutrition group but six (7.4%) patients in late nutrition group developed insulin resistance (p=0.03). the IR due to the infection complications is higher among late than early nutrition group.Therefore, we suggest that in neurosurgical ICU it would be better to start the nutrition within 72 hours.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Anesthestesia and Intensive Care Service -Neurosurgical ICU "Mother Theresa" University Hospital Center Tirana, Albania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) is a common complication in neurosurgical diseases in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Because of associated insulin resistance (IR) the ICU is in dilemma in which stage to start the nutrition to patients and what is the amount of Insulin Unit to control the hyperglycemia.

Aim: to define the IR and to compare IR and amount of insulin among ICU patients in "Mother Theresa" University Hospital Center (MTUHC) in Tirana Albania.

Methods: 154 patients with neurosurgical disease and SIRS complications were randomized in two groups: early nutrition 73 patients (47%) and late nutrition 81 (53%) and compared for a number of variables.

Results: There was no statistical age and gender difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The amount of insulin units to control the level of glycemia (80-110 mg/dc) was 12.8±7 unit per day in early nutrition and 23.8 ±12.9 units in late nutrition group (p<0.01). No patient in early nutrition group but six (7.4%) patients in late nutrition group developed insulin resistance (p=0.03).

Conclusions: the IR due to the infection complications is higher among late than early nutrition group. Therefore, we suggest that in neurosurgical ICU it would be better to start the nutrition within 72 hours.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Insulin amount (U/day) according to nutritional way (early vs late nutrition).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384872&req=5

Figure 1: Insulin amount (U/day) according to nutritional way (early vs late nutrition).

Mentions: Average insulin value was 12 (±8.7) UI among early nutrition group and 23.8 (±12.9) among late nutrition group, with statistical significance difference (p<0.01) (Figure 1).


Insulin resistance in early vs late nutrition and complications of sirs in neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU).

Pilika K, Roshi E - Med Arch (2015)

Insulin amount (U/day) according to nutritional way (early vs late nutrition).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384872&req=5

Figure 1: Insulin amount (U/day) according to nutritional way (early vs late nutrition).
Mentions: Average insulin value was 12 (±8.7) UI among early nutrition group and 23.8 (±12.9) among late nutrition group, with statistical significance difference (p<0.01) (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: There was no statistical age and gender difference between the two groups (P>0.05).No patient in early nutrition group but six (7.4%) patients in late nutrition group developed insulin resistance (p=0.03). the IR due to the infection complications is higher among late than early nutrition group.Therefore, we suggest that in neurosurgical ICU it would be better to start the nutrition within 72 hours.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Anesthestesia and Intensive Care Service -Neurosurgical ICU "Mother Theresa" University Hospital Center Tirana, Albania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) is a common complication in neurosurgical diseases in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Because of associated insulin resistance (IR) the ICU is in dilemma in which stage to start the nutrition to patients and what is the amount of Insulin Unit to control the hyperglycemia.

Aim: to define the IR and to compare IR and amount of insulin among ICU patients in "Mother Theresa" University Hospital Center (MTUHC) in Tirana Albania.

Methods: 154 patients with neurosurgical disease and SIRS complications were randomized in two groups: early nutrition 73 patients (47%) and late nutrition 81 (53%) and compared for a number of variables.

Results: There was no statistical age and gender difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The amount of insulin units to control the level of glycemia (80-110 mg/dc) was 12.8±7 unit per day in early nutrition and 23.8 ±12.9 units in late nutrition group (p<0.01). No patient in early nutrition group but six (7.4%) patients in late nutrition group developed insulin resistance (p=0.03).

Conclusions: the IR due to the infection complications is higher among late than early nutrition group. Therefore, we suggest that in neurosurgical ICU it would be better to start the nutrition within 72 hours.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus