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Relationship between ADHD and depression among university students in macedonia.

Panevska LS, Zafirova-Ivanovska B, Vasilevska K, Isjanovska R, Kadri H - Mater Sociomed (2015)

Bottom Line: Female students have attention subtype deficit, while man student have often hyperactivity/impulsivity disorder and combined subtype due to psychological, temperament and character gender differences among boys and girls.Female examinees are significantly (p=0.028) more often depressed compared to male examinees.For a value of p=0.001 and p=0.004 these correlations are statistically highly significant, in other words highly important.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Disability and Insurance Fund of Republic Macedonia, Skopje, Macedonia.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder usually diagnosed in children, with appearance of the first symptoms before the age of seven years. The disorder is characterized by inattention and/or impulsivity and hyperactivity that can seriously affect many aspects of behavior and performance at school. ADHD can be associated with comorbidities, such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety or depression.

Material and methods: The study was done on a sample of 500 university students. For the measurement of ADHD symptoms, the ADHD Adult Self-report Scale was used and for depression measurement DASS.

Results: The results of this screening study showed that ADHD is highly significant associated with gender (p = 0.0004). Men more often than women have this kind of disorder. Female students have attention subtype deficit, while man student have often hyperactivity/impulsivity disorder and combined subtype due to psychological, temperament and character gender differences among boys and girls. Female examinees are significantly (p=0.028) more often depressed compared to male examinees.

Conclusion: The examined correlations are positive ones or direct, meaning that by increasing the values of the scores from both subscales from the Evaluation ADHD Scale one also increases the scores from the Depression Scale, and vice versa. For a value of p=0.001 and p=0.004 these correlations are statistically highly significant, in other words highly important.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Correlation-Depression / ADHD (attention deficit). r = 0.173 p=0.001 p<0.01
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Figure 1: Correlation-Depression / ADHD (attention deficit). r = 0.173 p=0.001 p<0.01

Mentions: Figure 1 and 2 show the examined correlation between the Depression Scale as a dependent variable and the two subtypes of the Evaluation ADHD Scale (subtype A, in other words attention deficit, and subtype B, in other words hyperactivity/impulsiveness).


Relationship between ADHD and depression among university students in macedonia.

Panevska LS, Zafirova-Ivanovska B, Vasilevska K, Isjanovska R, Kadri H - Mater Sociomed (2015)

Correlation-Depression / ADHD (attention deficit). r = 0.173 p=0.001 p<0.01
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384839&req=5

Figure 1: Correlation-Depression / ADHD (attention deficit). r = 0.173 p=0.001 p<0.01
Mentions: Figure 1 and 2 show the examined correlation between the Depression Scale as a dependent variable and the two subtypes of the Evaluation ADHD Scale (subtype A, in other words attention deficit, and subtype B, in other words hyperactivity/impulsiveness).

Bottom Line: Female students have attention subtype deficit, while man student have often hyperactivity/impulsivity disorder and combined subtype due to psychological, temperament and character gender differences among boys and girls.Female examinees are significantly (p=0.028) more often depressed compared to male examinees.For a value of p=0.001 and p=0.004 these correlations are statistically highly significant, in other words highly important.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Disability and Insurance Fund of Republic Macedonia, Skopje, Macedonia.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder usually diagnosed in children, with appearance of the first symptoms before the age of seven years. The disorder is characterized by inattention and/or impulsivity and hyperactivity that can seriously affect many aspects of behavior and performance at school. ADHD can be associated with comorbidities, such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety or depression.

Material and methods: The study was done on a sample of 500 university students. For the measurement of ADHD symptoms, the ADHD Adult Self-report Scale was used and for depression measurement DASS.

Results: The results of this screening study showed that ADHD is highly significant associated with gender (p = 0.0004). Men more often than women have this kind of disorder. Female students have attention subtype deficit, while man student have often hyperactivity/impulsivity disorder and combined subtype due to psychological, temperament and character gender differences among boys and girls. Female examinees are significantly (p=0.028) more often depressed compared to male examinees.

Conclusion: The examined correlations are positive ones or direct, meaning that by increasing the values of the scores from both subscales from the Evaluation ADHD Scale one also increases the scores from the Depression Scale, and vice versa. For a value of p=0.001 and p=0.004 these correlations are statistically highly significant, in other words highly important.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus