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A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers on Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults.

Woo HI, Kwak SH, Lee Y, Choi JH, Cho YM, Om AS - J Cancer Prev (2015)

Bottom Line: Subjects in a control group were supplied with rice flakes-powder (RFP) and subjects in the VP group were provided with 30 g of VP twice daily for 4 weeks.In addition, significant differences between control and VP groups were found in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 14 and 28 of experimental diet consumption.This result showed that constipated subjects who consumed VP, mainly consisting of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, improved constipation symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks of consumption compared to those of control group who were provided with RFP.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study evaluated the effect of vege-powder (VP), mainly consisted of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, on bowel habit improvement and constipation alleviation.

Methods: Using the Roman standard II, 96 male and female subjects in their twenties with constipation symptoms were divided into a control group or VP group. Subjects in a control group were supplied with rice flakes-powder (RFP) and subjects in the VP group were provided with 30 g of VP twice daily for 4 weeks. Constipation relief effectiveness was surveyed on 5-point Likert scales depending on stool hardness, amount of stool, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 0, 14, and 28 of RFP or VP intake.

Results: Repeated measures analysis of variance analysis revealed that VP intake caused significant temporal changes in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate. In addition, significant differences between control and VP groups were found in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 14 and 28 of experimental diet consumption. VP supplement for 2 weeks significantly increased the evacuation frequency (1.04 ± 0.71), compared to control group (0.41 ± 0.64) and this increase was maintained at 4 week of diet supplements.

Conclusions: This result showed that constipated subjects who consumed VP, mainly consisting of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, improved constipation symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks of consumption compared to those of control group who were provided with RFP.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Evacuation frequency of subjects who received control or experimental diet supplement Values are mean ± standard deviation. Con, Rice flake powder (n = 51); VP, Vege-Powder (n = 45). *Significantly different from control group (P< 0.05).
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f1-jcp-20-64: Evacuation frequency of subjects who received control or experimental diet supplement Values are mean ± standard deviation. Con, Rice flake powder (n = 51); VP, Vege-Powder (n = 45). *Significantly different from control group (P< 0.05).

Mentions: The evacuation frequency showed significant difference between the groups at day 14, and day 28 after the beginning of supplements. At 2 weeks of supplement, VP group (1.04 ± 0.71) increased significantly compared to the control group (0.41 ± 0.64) and this difference maintained at 4 weeks of intake (VP intake group 1.13 ± 0.79 vs. control group 0.55 ± 0.81) (Fig. 1).


A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers on Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults.

Woo HI, Kwak SH, Lee Y, Choi JH, Cho YM, Om AS - J Cancer Prev (2015)

Evacuation frequency of subjects who received control or experimental diet supplement Values are mean ± standard deviation. Con, Rice flake powder (n = 51); VP, Vege-Powder (n = 45). *Significantly different from control group (P< 0.05).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384716&req=5

f1-jcp-20-64: Evacuation frequency of subjects who received control or experimental diet supplement Values are mean ± standard deviation. Con, Rice flake powder (n = 51); VP, Vege-Powder (n = 45). *Significantly different from control group (P< 0.05).
Mentions: The evacuation frequency showed significant difference between the groups at day 14, and day 28 after the beginning of supplements. At 2 weeks of supplement, VP group (1.04 ± 0.71) increased significantly compared to the control group (0.41 ± 0.64) and this difference maintained at 4 weeks of intake (VP intake group 1.13 ± 0.79 vs. control group 0.55 ± 0.81) (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: Subjects in a control group were supplied with rice flakes-powder (RFP) and subjects in the VP group were provided with 30 g of VP twice daily for 4 weeks.In addition, significant differences between control and VP groups were found in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 14 and 28 of experimental diet consumption.This result showed that constipated subjects who consumed VP, mainly consisting of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, improved constipation symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks of consumption compared to those of control group who were provided with RFP.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study evaluated the effect of vege-powder (VP), mainly consisted of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, on bowel habit improvement and constipation alleviation.

Methods: Using the Roman standard II, 96 male and female subjects in their twenties with constipation symptoms were divided into a control group or VP group. Subjects in a control group were supplied with rice flakes-powder (RFP) and subjects in the VP group were provided with 30 g of VP twice daily for 4 weeks. Constipation relief effectiveness was surveyed on 5-point Likert scales depending on stool hardness, amount of stool, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 0, 14, and 28 of RFP or VP intake.

Results: Repeated measures analysis of variance analysis revealed that VP intake caused significant temporal changes in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate. In addition, significant differences between control and VP groups were found in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 14 and 28 of experimental diet consumption. VP supplement for 2 weeks significantly increased the evacuation frequency (1.04 ± 0.71), compared to control group (0.41 ± 0.64) and this increase was maintained at 4 week of diet supplements.

Conclusions: This result showed that constipated subjects who consumed VP, mainly consisting of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, improved constipation symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks of consumption compared to those of control group who were provided with RFP.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus