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Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccine Coverage Rates among Patients Admitted to a Teaching Hospital in South Korea.

Yang TU, Song JY, Noh JY, Cheong HJ, Kim WJ - Infect Chemother (2015)

Bottom Line: Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea.This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations can reduce morbidity and mortality especially in the elderly and patients with chronic medical disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate vaccination coverage of these populations in a hospital setting.

Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study involving adult patients admitted to a 1,000-bed teaching hospital on April 15, 2013. We ascertained the information on whether the patient had received influenza vaccination within a year prior to admission or pneumococcal vaccination by interviewing each patient.

Results: A total of 491 eligible patients aged ≥50 years or with chronic medical illnesses were analyzed. The overall vaccination rate for influenza was 57.2%, and that of pneumococcus was 17.6% among the vaccine-eligible subjects. Influenza/pneumococcal vaccination rates of patients by disease were 62.8%/17.2% for diabetes, 53.3%/15.6% for malignancy, 67.6%/23.5% for chronic pulmonary disease, 66.7%/15.3% for chronic cardiovascular disease, 68.7%/26.9% for chronic renal disease, and 51.2%/18.6% for chronic hepatic disease. Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.

Conclusion: The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea. This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates by age group and chronic medical disease. (A) Influenza vaccine. (B) Pneumococcal vaccine.
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Figure 2: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates by age group and chronic medical disease. (A) Influenza vaccine. (B) Pneumococcal vaccine.

Mentions: The overall influenza vaccine coverage rate in the study population was 57.2% (281/491) (Table 2). The vaccination rates of subjects aged ≥65 years and patients aged ≥19 years with chronic medical disease were 73.7% (179/243) and 56.9% (201/353), respectively. Three-quarters of patients aged ≥65 years with chronic medical diseases (75.2%, 124/165) received the influenza vaccine in the previous season, and their influenza vaccination rates were variable according to underlying diseases: diabetes (85.9%), chronic renal disease (85.3%), chronic hepatic disease (76.9%), chronic cardiovascular disease (75.0%), chronic pulmonary disease (72.7%), and malignancy (69.1%) (Fig. 2 and Supplementary Table 1). In comparison, younger patients aged 19-64 years showed lower rates of influenza vaccination: chronic pulmonary disease (58.3%); chronic renal disease (51.5%); chronic cardiovascular disease (50.0%); malignancy (40.4%); chronic hepatic disease (40.0%); diabetes (35.8%).


Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccine Coverage Rates among Patients Admitted to a Teaching Hospital in South Korea.

Yang TU, Song JY, Noh JY, Cheong HJ, Kim WJ - Infect Chemother (2015)

Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates by age group and chronic medical disease. (A) Influenza vaccine. (B) Pneumococcal vaccine.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384449&req=5

Figure 2: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates by age group and chronic medical disease. (A) Influenza vaccine. (B) Pneumococcal vaccine.
Mentions: The overall influenza vaccine coverage rate in the study population was 57.2% (281/491) (Table 2). The vaccination rates of subjects aged ≥65 years and patients aged ≥19 years with chronic medical disease were 73.7% (179/243) and 56.9% (201/353), respectively. Three-quarters of patients aged ≥65 years with chronic medical diseases (75.2%, 124/165) received the influenza vaccine in the previous season, and their influenza vaccination rates were variable according to underlying diseases: diabetes (85.9%), chronic renal disease (85.3%), chronic hepatic disease (76.9%), chronic cardiovascular disease (75.0%), chronic pulmonary disease (72.7%), and malignancy (69.1%) (Fig. 2 and Supplementary Table 1). In comparison, younger patients aged 19-64 years showed lower rates of influenza vaccination: chronic pulmonary disease (58.3%); chronic renal disease (51.5%); chronic cardiovascular disease (50.0%); malignancy (40.4%); chronic hepatic disease (40.0%); diabetes (35.8%).

Bottom Line: Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea.This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations can reduce morbidity and mortality especially in the elderly and patients with chronic medical disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate vaccination coverage of these populations in a hospital setting.

Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study involving adult patients admitted to a 1,000-bed teaching hospital on April 15, 2013. We ascertained the information on whether the patient had received influenza vaccination within a year prior to admission or pneumococcal vaccination by interviewing each patient.

Results: A total of 491 eligible patients aged ≥50 years or with chronic medical illnesses were analyzed. The overall vaccination rate for influenza was 57.2%, and that of pneumococcus was 17.6% among the vaccine-eligible subjects. Influenza/pneumococcal vaccination rates of patients by disease were 62.8%/17.2% for diabetes, 53.3%/15.6% for malignancy, 67.6%/23.5% for chronic pulmonary disease, 66.7%/15.3% for chronic cardiovascular disease, 68.7%/26.9% for chronic renal disease, and 51.2%/18.6% for chronic hepatic disease. Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.

Conclusion: The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea. This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus