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Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccine Coverage Rates among Patients Admitted to a Teaching Hospital in South Korea.

Yang TU, Song JY, Noh JY, Cheong HJ, Kim WJ - Infect Chemother (2015)

Bottom Line: Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea.This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations can reduce morbidity and mortality especially in the elderly and patients with chronic medical disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate vaccination coverage of these populations in a hospital setting.

Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study involving adult patients admitted to a 1,000-bed teaching hospital on April 15, 2013. We ascertained the information on whether the patient had received influenza vaccination within a year prior to admission or pneumococcal vaccination by interviewing each patient.

Results: A total of 491 eligible patients aged ≥50 years or with chronic medical illnesses were analyzed. The overall vaccination rate for influenza was 57.2%, and that of pneumococcus was 17.6% among the vaccine-eligible subjects. Influenza/pneumococcal vaccination rates of patients by disease were 62.8%/17.2% for diabetes, 53.3%/15.6% for malignancy, 67.6%/23.5% for chronic pulmonary disease, 66.7%/15.3% for chronic cardiovascular disease, 68.7%/26.9% for chronic renal disease, and 51.2%/18.6% for chronic hepatic disease. Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.

Conclusion: The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea. This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Screening, exclusion and assignment of the study population.KUGH, Korea University Guro Hospital.aNumbers in parentheses refer to the number of patients who meet the condition.bUnderlying medical condition denotes a chronic medical disease or immunocompromising conditions.
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Figure 1: Screening, exclusion and assignment of the study population.KUGH, Korea University Guro Hospital.aNumbers in parentheses refer to the number of patients who meet the condition.bUnderlying medical condition denotes a chronic medical disease or immunocompromising conditions.

Mentions: A total of 595 patients ≥19 years of age were admitted to the general wards of KUGH on the study day (Fig. 1). Among them, 6 were excluded because they could not report their vaccination status due to poor physical conditions. Ninety-eight patients aged <50 years without chronic medical disease who were admitted due to pre-defined conditions in exclusion criteria were excluded (Table 1). Among the 491 patients with underlying medical conditions or aged ≥50 years, 250 were male and 241 were female, and 69.5% (169/243) of patients aged ≥65 years had one or more underlying medical condition.


Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccine Coverage Rates among Patients Admitted to a Teaching Hospital in South Korea.

Yang TU, Song JY, Noh JY, Cheong HJ, Kim WJ - Infect Chemother (2015)

Screening, exclusion and assignment of the study population.KUGH, Korea University Guro Hospital.aNumbers in parentheses refer to the number of patients who meet the condition.bUnderlying medical condition denotes a chronic medical disease or immunocompromising conditions.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384449&req=5

Figure 1: Screening, exclusion and assignment of the study population.KUGH, Korea University Guro Hospital.aNumbers in parentheses refer to the number of patients who meet the condition.bUnderlying medical condition denotes a chronic medical disease or immunocompromising conditions.
Mentions: A total of 595 patients ≥19 years of age were admitted to the general wards of KUGH on the study day (Fig. 1). Among them, 6 were excluded because they could not report their vaccination status due to poor physical conditions. Ninety-eight patients aged <50 years without chronic medical disease who were admitted due to pre-defined conditions in exclusion criteria were excluded (Table 1). Among the 491 patients with underlying medical conditions or aged ≥50 years, 250 were male and 241 were female, and 69.5% (169/243) of patients aged ≥65 years had one or more underlying medical condition.

Bottom Line: Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea.This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations can reduce morbidity and mortality especially in the elderly and patients with chronic medical disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate vaccination coverage of these populations in a hospital setting.

Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study involving adult patients admitted to a 1,000-bed teaching hospital on April 15, 2013. We ascertained the information on whether the patient had received influenza vaccination within a year prior to admission or pneumococcal vaccination by interviewing each patient.

Results: A total of 491 eligible patients aged ≥50 years or with chronic medical illnesses were analyzed. The overall vaccination rate for influenza was 57.2%, and that of pneumococcus was 17.6% among the vaccine-eligible subjects. Influenza/pneumococcal vaccination rates of patients by disease were 62.8%/17.2% for diabetes, 53.3%/15.6% for malignancy, 67.6%/23.5% for chronic pulmonary disease, 66.7%/15.3% for chronic cardiovascular disease, 68.7%/26.9% for chronic renal disease, and 51.2%/18.6% for chronic hepatic disease. Young adult patients with chronic medical conditions were consistently less likely to receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines irrespective of the underlying disease.

Conclusion: The influenza and pneumococcal vaccine coverage rates among hospitalized patients were low in South Korea. This was especially the case for young adult patients with chronic medical illnesses.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus