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Influence of implant surface topography on primary stability in a standardized osteoporosis rabbit model study.

Oue H, Doi K, Oki Y, Makihara Y, Kubo T, Perrotti V, Piattelli A, Akagawa Y, Tsuga K - J Funct Biomater (2015)

Bottom Line: Evaluating primary stability is important to predict the prognosis of dental implant treatment.Sham-operations were performed in additional six rabbits.In conclusion, the IT of implants is higher with rough than with smooth surfaces but that there are no differences in ISQ value between different surfaces in a standardized osteoporosis bone reduced rabbit model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Advanced Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan. hiroshi-o@hiroshima-u.ac.jp.

ABSTRACT
Evaluating primary stability is important to predict the prognosis of dental implant treatment. Primary stability is decreased in a low bone density site such as osteoporosis. However, it is difficult to apply in small animal and the effect of the different implant surface topography for the primary stability at low bone density site has not yet fully been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of implant surface topography on primary stability in a standardized osteoporosis animal model. Six rabbits underwent ovariectomy and administrated glucocorticoid to induce an osteoporosis model. Sham-operations were performed in additional six rabbits. Implants with machined or oxidized-surfaces were inserted into the femur epiphyses and insertion torque (IT) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) were measured. In sham model, the IT and ISQ did not differ significantly between the both implant. However, the IT value of oxidized-surface implant was significantly higher than that of the machined implant in the osteoporosis model. Meanwhile, ISQ did not significantly differ between the machined and oxidized-surfaced implants. In conclusion, the IT of implants is higher with rough than with smooth surfaces but that there are no differences in ISQ value between different surfaces in a standardized osteoporosis bone reduced rabbit model.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The bars represent maximum loads in the sham model and OP model, and the error bars indicate the corresponding standard deviations (SDs). The maximum load of the sham model (295.5 ± 32.9 N) was significantly higher than that of the OP model (202.7 ± 25.5 N) (*P < 0.05).
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jfb-06-00143-f003: The bars represent maximum loads in the sham model and OP model, and the error bars indicate the corresponding standard deviations (SDs). The maximum load of the sham model (295.5 ± 32.9 N) was significantly higher than that of the OP model (202.7 ± 25.5 N) (*P < 0.05).

Mentions: The maximum mechanical bone strength of the sham model (295.9 ± 32.9 N) was significantly higher than that of the OP model (202.7 ± 25.5 N, P < 0.05) (Figure 3).


Influence of implant surface topography on primary stability in a standardized osteoporosis rabbit model study.

Oue H, Doi K, Oki Y, Makihara Y, Kubo T, Perrotti V, Piattelli A, Akagawa Y, Tsuga K - J Funct Biomater (2015)

The bars represent maximum loads in the sham model and OP model, and the error bars indicate the corresponding standard deviations (SDs). The maximum load of the sham model (295.5 ± 32.9 N) was significantly higher than that of the OP model (202.7 ± 25.5 N) (*P < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384105&req=5

jfb-06-00143-f003: The bars represent maximum loads in the sham model and OP model, and the error bars indicate the corresponding standard deviations (SDs). The maximum load of the sham model (295.5 ± 32.9 N) was significantly higher than that of the OP model (202.7 ± 25.5 N) (*P < 0.05).
Mentions: The maximum mechanical bone strength of the sham model (295.9 ± 32.9 N) was significantly higher than that of the OP model (202.7 ± 25.5 N, P < 0.05) (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: Evaluating primary stability is important to predict the prognosis of dental implant treatment.Sham-operations were performed in additional six rabbits.In conclusion, the IT of implants is higher with rough than with smooth surfaces but that there are no differences in ISQ value between different surfaces in a standardized osteoporosis bone reduced rabbit model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Advanced Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan. hiroshi-o@hiroshima-u.ac.jp.

ABSTRACT
Evaluating primary stability is important to predict the prognosis of dental implant treatment. Primary stability is decreased in a low bone density site such as osteoporosis. However, it is difficult to apply in small animal and the effect of the different implant surface topography for the primary stability at low bone density site has not yet fully been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of implant surface topography on primary stability in a standardized osteoporosis animal model. Six rabbits underwent ovariectomy and administrated glucocorticoid to induce an osteoporosis model. Sham-operations were performed in additional six rabbits. Implants with machined or oxidized-surfaces were inserted into the femur epiphyses and insertion torque (IT) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) were measured. In sham model, the IT and ISQ did not differ significantly between the both implant. However, the IT value of oxidized-surface implant was significantly higher than that of the machined implant in the osteoporosis model. Meanwhile, ISQ did not significantly differ between the machined and oxidized-surfaced implants. In conclusion, the IT of implants is higher with rough than with smooth surfaces but that there are no differences in ISQ value between different surfaces in a standardized osteoporosis bone reduced rabbit model.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus