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Alcohol Abuse Mediates the Association between Baseline T/C Ratio and Anger Expression in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators.

Romero-Martínez Á, Lila M, Moya-Albiol L - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: This study tested the potential mediating effect of alcohol consumption on the relationship between baseline T/C ratio and anger expression in IPV perpetrators and non-violent controls.A high baseline T/C ratio was only associated with high anger expression in IPV perpetrators, and this association was mediated by high alcohol consumption.These findings contribute to the development of effective treatment and prevention programs, which could introduce the use of biological markers for preventing the onset, development and recidivism of IPV.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco Ibañez, Valencia 21 46010, Spain. Angel.Romero@uv.es.

ABSTRACT
The imbalance between testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) levels has been proposed as a possible marker of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Moreover, it could be related to a high probability of adopting risky behaviors such as alcohol abuse which, in turn, promotes the onset of IPV. This study tested the potential mediating effect of alcohol consumption on the relationship between baseline T/C ratio and anger expression in IPV perpetrators and non-violent controls. Alcohol consumption was higher in the former than controls. A high baseline T/C ratio was only associated with high anger expression in IPV perpetrators, and this association was mediated by high alcohol consumption. Thus, alcohol abuse may act as a catalytic factor in this relationship, high consumption promoting the onset of IPV. These findings contribute to the development of effective treatment and prevention programs, which could introduce the use of biological markers for preventing the onset, development and recidivism of IPV.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Baseline testosterone/cortisol (T/C) ratio as a predictor of (a) anger expression index (AEI) anger expression mediated by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) alcohol consumption and (b) by Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) alcohol abuse in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
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behavsci-05-00113-f001: Baseline testosterone/cortisol (T/C) ratio as a predictor of (a) anger expression index (AEI) anger expression mediated by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) alcohol consumption and (b) by Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) alcohol abuse in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.

Mentions: First, considering alcohol abuse as indicated by AUDIT scores (displayed in Figure 1a), the direct effect of baseline T/C ratio on alcohol abuse (AUDIT) was statistically significant (β = 0.40, SE = 0.06, p = 0.000), as were the direct effects of alcohol abuse (AUDIT) and of baseline T/C ratio on their AEI (β = 1.59, SE = 0.62, p = 0.024; and β = 0.58, SE = 0.18, p = 0.006, respectively). In addition, when accounting for the effect of sensitivity to alcohol abuse (AUDIT), the effect of baseline T/C ratio on AEI reduced to nonsignificance (β = −0.06, SE = 0.29, p = 0.844). Results of the bootstrap analysis indicate that mediation was present (M = 0.65, SE = 0.07; 95% CI = 0.27 to 1.30). Thus, it can be concluded that the association between baseline T/C ratio and AEI in IPV perpetrators was mediated by their high alcohol abuse, in terms of the AUDIT scores. The statistical power for the analysis was 0.96.


Alcohol Abuse Mediates the Association between Baseline T/C Ratio and Anger Expression in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators.

Romero-Martínez Á, Lila M, Moya-Albiol L - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Baseline testosterone/cortisol (T/C) ratio as a predictor of (a) anger expression index (AEI) anger expression mediated by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) alcohol consumption and (b) by Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) alcohol abuse in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384066&req=5

behavsci-05-00113-f001: Baseline testosterone/cortisol (T/C) ratio as a predictor of (a) anger expression index (AEI) anger expression mediated by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) alcohol consumption and (b) by Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III) alcohol abuse in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
Mentions: First, considering alcohol abuse as indicated by AUDIT scores (displayed in Figure 1a), the direct effect of baseline T/C ratio on alcohol abuse (AUDIT) was statistically significant (β = 0.40, SE = 0.06, p = 0.000), as were the direct effects of alcohol abuse (AUDIT) and of baseline T/C ratio on their AEI (β = 1.59, SE = 0.62, p = 0.024; and β = 0.58, SE = 0.18, p = 0.006, respectively). In addition, when accounting for the effect of sensitivity to alcohol abuse (AUDIT), the effect of baseline T/C ratio on AEI reduced to nonsignificance (β = −0.06, SE = 0.29, p = 0.844). Results of the bootstrap analysis indicate that mediation was present (M = 0.65, SE = 0.07; 95% CI = 0.27 to 1.30). Thus, it can be concluded that the association between baseline T/C ratio and AEI in IPV perpetrators was mediated by their high alcohol abuse, in terms of the AUDIT scores. The statistical power for the analysis was 0.96.

Bottom Line: This study tested the potential mediating effect of alcohol consumption on the relationship between baseline T/C ratio and anger expression in IPV perpetrators and non-violent controls.A high baseline T/C ratio was only associated with high anger expression in IPV perpetrators, and this association was mediated by high alcohol consumption.These findings contribute to the development of effective treatment and prevention programs, which could introduce the use of biological markers for preventing the onset, development and recidivism of IPV.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, Avenida Blasco Ibañez, Valencia 21 46010, Spain. Angel.Romero@uv.es.

ABSTRACT
The imbalance between testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) levels has been proposed as a possible marker of risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Moreover, it could be related to a high probability of adopting risky behaviors such as alcohol abuse which, in turn, promotes the onset of IPV. This study tested the potential mediating effect of alcohol consumption on the relationship between baseline T/C ratio and anger expression in IPV perpetrators and non-violent controls. Alcohol consumption was higher in the former than controls. A high baseline T/C ratio was only associated with high anger expression in IPV perpetrators, and this association was mediated by high alcohol consumption. Thus, alcohol abuse may act as a catalytic factor in this relationship, high consumption promoting the onset of IPV. These findings contribute to the development of effective treatment and prevention programs, which could introduce the use of biological markers for preventing the onset, development and recidivism of IPV.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus