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An Experimental Examination of the Interaction between Mood Induction Task and Personality Psychopathology on State Emotion Dysregulation.

Borges LM, Naugle AE - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies.Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants.Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3700 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA. lauren.m.borges@wmich.edu.

ABSTRACT
While emotion dysregulation has been investigated as a key variable in the development and persistence of personality psychopathology, few studies have explored state emotion dysregulation among individuals with personality disorders (PDs). The current study addresses this void in the literature through a laboratory investigation of state emotion dysregulation among participants with and without PDs. To facilitate this goal, participants were matched to pairs based on similar personality features and were randomized to one of two behavioral analogues; either the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task-Computerized (PASAT-C) or an interpersonally based mood induction. As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies. Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants. Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the PANAS positive affect scale following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate greater positive affect.
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behavsci-05-00070-f005: Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the PANAS positive affect scale following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate greater positive affect.

Mentions: To understand more about individuals with a PD reporting significantly less emotion dysregulation in the essay-writing task (specifically in the areas of emotional clarity and non-acceptance of emotions) than individuals without a PD in this task, a follow-up ANCOVA for positive affect (PA) was performed. PA was assessed at follow-up due to the unexpected nature of our primary results and research suggesting that elevation of PA can be associated with affective suppression as a regulatory strategy [41]. In this ANCOVA, pre mood induction PA served as a covariate. A statistically significant main effect (p < 0.05) of mood induction condition was found, as PA was significantly higher in the essay-writing task across participants. However, a significant interaction effect (p < 0.05) was also found, demonstrating the relationship between mood induction condition, PD, and PA as individuals with a PD in the essay-writing task reported significantly higher PA following the essay-writing task than all other participants (see Figure 5). While the essay-writing task was associated with increased PA among individuals with a PD, this task did not evoke elevated PA among non-PD participants. Most participants remained consistent in PA from pre to post essay-writing task, indicating that PA was not induced across participants in response to the essay-writing task (Table 2).


An Experimental Examination of the Interaction between Mood Induction Task and Personality Psychopathology on State Emotion Dysregulation.

Borges LM, Naugle AE - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the PANAS positive affect scale following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate greater positive affect.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384064&req=5

behavsci-05-00070-f005: Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the PANAS positive affect scale following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate greater positive affect.
Mentions: To understand more about individuals with a PD reporting significantly less emotion dysregulation in the essay-writing task (specifically in the areas of emotional clarity and non-acceptance of emotions) than individuals without a PD in this task, a follow-up ANCOVA for positive affect (PA) was performed. PA was assessed at follow-up due to the unexpected nature of our primary results and research suggesting that elevation of PA can be associated with affective suppression as a regulatory strategy [41]. In this ANCOVA, pre mood induction PA served as a covariate. A statistically significant main effect (p < 0.05) of mood induction condition was found, as PA was significantly higher in the essay-writing task across participants. However, a significant interaction effect (p < 0.05) was also found, demonstrating the relationship between mood induction condition, PD, and PA as individuals with a PD in the essay-writing task reported significantly higher PA following the essay-writing task than all other participants (see Figure 5). While the essay-writing task was associated with increased PA among individuals with a PD, this task did not evoke elevated PA among non-PD participants. Most participants remained consistent in PA from pre to post essay-writing task, indicating that PA was not induced across participants in response to the essay-writing task (Table 2).

Bottom Line: As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies.Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants.Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3700 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA. lauren.m.borges@wmich.edu.

ABSTRACT
While emotion dysregulation has been investigated as a key variable in the development and persistence of personality psychopathology, few studies have explored state emotion dysregulation among individuals with personality disorders (PDs). The current study addresses this void in the literature through a laboratory investigation of state emotion dysregulation among participants with and without PDs. To facilitate this goal, participants were matched to pairs based on similar personality features and were randomized to one of two behavioral analogues; either the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task-Computerized (PASAT-C) or an interpersonally based mood induction. As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies. Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants. Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus