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An Experimental Examination of the Interaction between Mood Induction Task and Personality Psychopathology on State Emotion Dysregulation.

Borges LM, Naugle AE - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Bottom Line: As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies.Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants.Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3700 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA. lauren.m.borges@wmich.edu.

ABSTRACT
While emotion dysregulation has been investigated as a key variable in the development and persistence of personality psychopathology, few studies have explored state emotion dysregulation among individuals with personality disorders (PDs). The current study addresses this void in the literature through a laboratory investigation of state emotion dysregulation among participants with and without PDs. To facilitate this goal, participants were matched to pairs based on similar personality features and were randomized to one of two behavioral analogues; either the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task-Computerized (PASAT-C) or an interpersonally based mood induction. As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies. Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants. Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the S-DERS subscale of state difficulties in non-acceptance of emotions following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate more non-acceptance of emotions.
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behavsci-05-00070-f003: Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the S-DERS subscale of state difficulties in non-acceptance of emotions following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate more non-acceptance of emotions.

Mentions: A statistically significant interaction effect was found between mood induction condition and personality disorder status on state emotion regulation, Pillais’ Trace = 0.101, F(6, 159) = 2.98, p < 0.05, partial η2 = 0.101 (controlling for pre induction non-acceptance, goals, impulse, awareness, strategies, and clarity). As displayed in Table 3, non-acceptance, clarity, strategies, and impulse control demonstrated a significant interaction effect with PD status on state emotion regulation. To examine this interaction effect, follow-up ANCOVAs were run with mood induction condition and PD status as independent variables and S-DERS subscales as the dependent variable (i.e., the subscales of strategies, impulse control difficulties, clarity, and non-acceptance each as a dependent variable in separate ANCOVAs). These ANCOVAs revealed that participants meeting criteria for a PD reported more difficulty accessing emotion regulation strategies (p < 0.001), more impulse control difficulties (p < 0.001), and more difficulties with emotional clarity (p < 0.05) compared to participants with a PD in the essay task and participants without a PD across conditions (see Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3). Individuals meeting criteria for a PD in the essay-writing condition, however, reported significantly less difficulty with emotional clarity (p < 0.05) and non-acceptance of emotions (p < 0.05) following the mood induction than participants without a PD and PASAT-C participants (see Figure 3 and Figure 4).


An Experimental Examination of the Interaction between Mood Induction Task and Personality Psychopathology on State Emotion Dysregulation.

Borges LM, Naugle AE - Behav Sci (Basel) (2015)

Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the S-DERS subscale of state difficulties in non-acceptance of emotions following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate more non-acceptance of emotions.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4384064&req=5

behavsci-05-00070-f003: Plot of the statistically significant interaction between mood induction condition and personality disorder on the S-DERS subscale of state difficulties in non-acceptance of emotions following both mood inductions. Higher scores indicate more non-acceptance of emotions.
Mentions: A statistically significant interaction effect was found between mood induction condition and personality disorder status on state emotion regulation, Pillais’ Trace = 0.101, F(6, 159) = 2.98, p < 0.05, partial η2 = 0.101 (controlling for pre induction non-acceptance, goals, impulse, awareness, strategies, and clarity). As displayed in Table 3, non-acceptance, clarity, strategies, and impulse control demonstrated a significant interaction effect with PD status on state emotion regulation. To examine this interaction effect, follow-up ANCOVAs were run with mood induction condition and PD status as independent variables and S-DERS subscales as the dependent variable (i.e., the subscales of strategies, impulse control difficulties, clarity, and non-acceptance each as a dependent variable in separate ANCOVAs). These ANCOVAs revealed that participants meeting criteria for a PD reported more difficulty accessing emotion regulation strategies (p < 0.001), more impulse control difficulties (p < 0.001), and more difficulties with emotional clarity (p < 0.05) compared to participants with a PD in the essay task and participants without a PD across conditions (see Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3). Individuals meeting criteria for a PD in the essay-writing condition, however, reported significantly less difficulty with emotional clarity (p < 0.05) and non-acceptance of emotions (p < 0.05) following the mood induction than participants without a PD and PASAT-C participants (see Figure 3 and Figure 4).

Bottom Line: As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies.Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants.Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3700 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA. lauren.m.borges@wmich.edu.

ABSTRACT
While emotion dysregulation has been investigated as a key variable in the development and persistence of personality psychopathology, few studies have explored state emotion dysregulation among individuals with personality disorders (PDs). The current study addresses this void in the literature through a laboratory investigation of state emotion dysregulation among participants with and without PDs. To facilitate this goal, participants were matched to pairs based on similar personality features and were randomized to one of two behavioral analogues; either the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task-Computerized (PASAT-C) or an interpersonally based mood induction. As hypothesized, PD participants in the PASAT-C reported significantly more difficulty with impulsivity and emotion regulation strategies. Contrary to expectations, the PD group in the interpersonal task demonstrated significantly less difficulty with non-acceptance of emotion and emotional clarity and significantly greater positive affect compared to non-PD participants. Implications for these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus