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Combined multivariate statistical techniques, Water Pollution Index (WPI) and Daniel Trend Test methods to evaluate temporal and spatial variations and trends of water quality at Shanchong River in the Northwest Basin of Lake Fuxian, China.

Wang Q, Wu X, Zhao B, Qin J, Peng T - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The results show that the main trend of pollution was aggravated during the transition from the dry to the rainy season.The Water Pollution Index of Total Nitrogen is the highest of all pollution parameters, whereas the Chemical Oxygen Demand (Chromium) is the lowest.Our results suggest that strategies to prevent water pollutionat the Shanchong River basin need to focus on non-point pollution control by employing appropriate fertilizer formulas in farming, and take the measures of soil and water conservation at Shanchong reservoir area, and purifying sewage from scattered villages.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Yuxi Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences on Plateau Lakes, Yuxi Normal University, Yuxi, Yunnan Province, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
Understanding spatial and temporal variations in river water quality and quantitatively evaluating the trend of changes are important in order to study and efficiently manage water resources. In this study, an analysis of Water Pollution Index (WPI), Daniel Trend Test, Cluster Analysis and Discriminant Analysis are applied as an integrated approach to quantitatively explore the spatial and temporal variations and the latent sources of water pollution in the Shanchong River basin, Northwest Basin of Lake Fuxian, China. We group all field surveys into 2 clusters (dry season and rainy season). Moreover, 14 sampling sites have been grouped into 3 clusters for the rainy season (highly polluted, moderately polluted and less polluted sites) and 2 clusters for the dry season (highly polluted and less polluted sites) based on their similarities and the level of pollution during the two seasons. The results show that the main trend of pollution was aggravated during the transition from the dry to the rainy season. The Water Pollution Index of Total Nitrogen is the highest of all pollution parameters, whereas the Chemical Oxygen Demand (Chromium) is the lowest. Our results also show that the main sources of pollution are farming activities alongside the Shanchong River, soil erosion and fish culture at Shanchong River reservoir area and domestic sewage from scattered rural residential area. Our results suggest that strategies to prevent water pollutionat the Shanchong River basin need to focus on non-point pollution control by employing appropriate fertilizer formulas in farming, and take the measures of soil and water conservation at Shanchong reservoir area, and purifying sewage from scattered villages.

No MeSH data available.


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The Geographical Location of The Sampling Sites in the Shanchong River Basin.
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pone.0118590.g001: The Geographical Location of The Sampling Sites in the Shanchong River Basin.

Mentions: The Shanchong River (24°37’—24°41’ N, 102°48’–102°50’ E; 1703–2606 m Latitude, Longitude, Elevation), is situated northwest of Lake Fuxian with a drainage area of approximately 19.42 km2 and the stream is 29.05 km long (Fig. 1). The dry and rainy season is trenchant at Shanchong River Basin, and the rainy season generally from May to October. The cumulative precipitation from November, 2012 to April, 2013 were 41.5mm and that were 755.97mm from May, 2013 to October, 2013 at our study area (According to the the dataset of China daily grid precipitation which provide by China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System, http://cdc.cma.gov.cn). The dominant land cover category is cultivated land. The soil type of Shanchong river basin is Cumulic Anthrosols and the average of soil pH, soil's available phosphorus content, soil's available nitrogen content and soil organic matter were 7.45, 14.77 mg/kg, 98.37 mg/kg, and 29.62 g/kg, respectively [37,38]. The Shanchong river reservoir is located at the middle of Shanchong river basin with an area of approximately 0.154 km2. Furthermore, it is the main source of agricultural irrigation water for the lower reaches.


Combined multivariate statistical techniques, Water Pollution Index (WPI) and Daniel Trend Test methods to evaluate temporal and spatial variations and trends of water quality at Shanchong River in the Northwest Basin of Lake Fuxian, China.

Wang Q, Wu X, Zhao B, Qin J, Peng T - PLoS ONE (2015)

The Geographical Location of The Sampling Sites in the Shanchong River Basin.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383595&req=5

pone.0118590.g001: The Geographical Location of The Sampling Sites in the Shanchong River Basin.
Mentions: The Shanchong River (24°37’—24°41’ N, 102°48’–102°50’ E; 1703–2606 m Latitude, Longitude, Elevation), is situated northwest of Lake Fuxian with a drainage area of approximately 19.42 km2 and the stream is 29.05 km long (Fig. 1). The dry and rainy season is trenchant at Shanchong River Basin, and the rainy season generally from May to October. The cumulative precipitation from November, 2012 to April, 2013 were 41.5mm and that were 755.97mm from May, 2013 to October, 2013 at our study area (According to the the dataset of China daily grid precipitation which provide by China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System, http://cdc.cma.gov.cn). The dominant land cover category is cultivated land. The soil type of Shanchong river basin is Cumulic Anthrosols and the average of soil pH, soil's available phosphorus content, soil's available nitrogen content and soil organic matter were 7.45, 14.77 mg/kg, 98.37 mg/kg, and 29.62 g/kg, respectively [37,38]. The Shanchong river reservoir is located at the middle of Shanchong river basin with an area of approximately 0.154 km2. Furthermore, it is the main source of agricultural irrigation water for the lower reaches.

Bottom Line: The results show that the main trend of pollution was aggravated during the transition from the dry to the rainy season.The Water Pollution Index of Total Nitrogen is the highest of all pollution parameters, whereas the Chemical Oxygen Demand (Chromium) is the lowest.Our results suggest that strategies to prevent water pollutionat the Shanchong River basin need to focus on non-point pollution control by employing appropriate fertilizer formulas in farming, and take the measures of soil and water conservation at Shanchong reservoir area, and purifying sewage from scattered villages.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Yuxi Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences on Plateau Lakes, Yuxi Normal University, Yuxi, Yunnan Province, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
Understanding spatial and temporal variations in river water quality and quantitatively evaluating the trend of changes are important in order to study and efficiently manage water resources. In this study, an analysis of Water Pollution Index (WPI), Daniel Trend Test, Cluster Analysis and Discriminant Analysis are applied as an integrated approach to quantitatively explore the spatial and temporal variations and the latent sources of water pollution in the Shanchong River basin, Northwest Basin of Lake Fuxian, China. We group all field surveys into 2 clusters (dry season and rainy season). Moreover, 14 sampling sites have been grouped into 3 clusters for the rainy season (highly polluted, moderately polluted and less polluted sites) and 2 clusters for the dry season (highly polluted and less polluted sites) based on their similarities and the level of pollution during the two seasons. The results show that the main trend of pollution was aggravated during the transition from the dry to the rainy season. The Water Pollution Index of Total Nitrogen is the highest of all pollution parameters, whereas the Chemical Oxygen Demand (Chromium) is the lowest. Our results also show that the main sources of pollution are farming activities alongside the Shanchong River, soil erosion and fish culture at Shanchong River reservoir area and domestic sewage from scattered rural residential area. Our results suggest that strategies to prevent water pollutionat the Shanchong River basin need to focus on non-point pollution control by employing appropriate fertilizer formulas in farming, and take the measures of soil and water conservation at Shanchong reservoir area, and purifying sewage from scattered villages.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus