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Impact of Yangtze river water transfer on the water quality of the Lixia river watershed, China.

Ma X, Wang L, Wu H, Li N, Ma L, Zeng C, Zhou Y, Yang J - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Water quality was improved significantly by the water transfers, especially for sites closer to water intake points.However, positive effects on EC and pH were not observed.Improved understanding of the effects of water transfers on water quality can help the development and implementation of effective strategies to improve water quality within this watershed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

ABSTRACT
To improve water quality and reduce the negative impacts of sudden inputs of water pollution in the Lixia River watershed, China, a series of experimental water transfers from the Yangtze River to the Lixia River were conducted from 2 December 2006 to 7 January 2007. Water samples were collected every six days at 55 monitoring sites during this period. Eight water parameters (water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), chemical oxygen demand (COD), potassium permanganate index (CODMn), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N), electrical conductivity (EC), and water transparency (WT)) were analyzed to determine changes in nutrient concentrations during water transfers. The comprehensive pollution index (Pi) and single-factor (Si) evaluation methods were applied to evaluate spatio-temporal patterns of water quality during water transfers. Water quality parameters displayed different spatial and temporal distribution patterns within the watershed. Water quality was improved significantly by the water transfers, especially for sites closer to water intake points. The degree of improvement is positively related to rates of transfer inflow and drainage outflow. The effects differed for different water quality parameters at each site and at different water transfer times. There were notable decreases in NH4+-N, DO, COD, and CODMn across the entire watershed. However, positive effects on EC and pH were not observed. It is concluded that freshwater transfers from the Yangtze River can be used as an emergency measure to flush pollutants from the Lixia River watershed. Improved understanding of the effects of water transfers on water quality can help the development and implementation of effective strategies to improve water quality within this watershed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of NH4+-N concentration and internal water flow in Sanyang River.
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pone.0119720.g005: Comparison of NH4+-N concentration and internal water flow in Sanyang River.

Mentions: The water from the Yangtze River flows a great distance from the Jiangdu and Gaogang water gates to the four coastal rivers. About 36.9% of the transferred water along the Taidong River and 29.1% of the transferred water along the Sanyang River flows into this watershed. Therefore, similarly to the previous assessment of the inflow/outflow transfer rates, the influence of internal water flow is assessed through observation of the ammonia nitrogen concentration in the Taidong and Sanyang rivers. As seen in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, there is a strong negative correlation between observed ammonia nitrogen concentration and internal water flow. There are two primary factors that can account for this phenomenon: one is that the water flow could enhance water exchange, increasing the rate of pollutant degradation and improving the self-purification capacity of the water; the other is that increasing the quantity of water being transferred could enhance the dilution of polluted water.


Impact of Yangtze river water transfer on the water quality of the Lixia river watershed, China.

Ma X, Wang L, Wu H, Li N, Ma L, Zeng C, Zhou Y, Yang J - PLoS ONE (2015)

Comparison of NH4+-N concentration and internal water flow in Sanyang River.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383563&req=5

pone.0119720.g005: Comparison of NH4+-N concentration and internal water flow in Sanyang River.
Mentions: The water from the Yangtze River flows a great distance from the Jiangdu and Gaogang water gates to the four coastal rivers. About 36.9% of the transferred water along the Taidong River and 29.1% of the transferred water along the Sanyang River flows into this watershed. Therefore, similarly to the previous assessment of the inflow/outflow transfer rates, the influence of internal water flow is assessed through observation of the ammonia nitrogen concentration in the Taidong and Sanyang rivers. As seen in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, there is a strong negative correlation between observed ammonia nitrogen concentration and internal water flow. There are two primary factors that can account for this phenomenon: one is that the water flow could enhance water exchange, increasing the rate of pollutant degradation and improving the self-purification capacity of the water; the other is that increasing the quantity of water being transferred could enhance the dilution of polluted water.

Bottom Line: Water quality was improved significantly by the water transfers, especially for sites closer to water intake points.However, positive effects on EC and pH were not observed.Improved understanding of the effects of water transfers on water quality can help the development and implementation of effective strategies to improve water quality within this watershed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

ABSTRACT
To improve water quality and reduce the negative impacts of sudden inputs of water pollution in the Lixia River watershed, China, a series of experimental water transfers from the Yangtze River to the Lixia River were conducted from 2 December 2006 to 7 January 2007. Water samples were collected every six days at 55 monitoring sites during this period. Eight water parameters (water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), chemical oxygen demand (COD), potassium permanganate index (CODMn), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N), electrical conductivity (EC), and water transparency (WT)) were analyzed to determine changes in nutrient concentrations during water transfers. The comprehensive pollution index (Pi) and single-factor (Si) evaluation methods were applied to evaluate spatio-temporal patterns of water quality during water transfers. Water quality parameters displayed different spatial and temporal distribution patterns within the watershed. Water quality was improved significantly by the water transfers, especially for sites closer to water intake points. The degree of improvement is positively related to rates of transfer inflow and drainage outflow. The effects differed for different water quality parameters at each site and at different water transfer times. There were notable decreases in NH4+-N, DO, COD, and CODMn across the entire watershed. However, positive effects on EC and pH were not observed. It is concluded that freshwater transfers from the Yangtze River can be used as an emergency measure to flush pollutants from the Lixia River watershed. Improved understanding of the effects of water transfers on water quality can help the development and implementation of effective strategies to improve water quality within this watershed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus