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Investigating breast cancer cell behavior using tissue engineering scaffolds.

Guiro K, Patel SA, Greco SJ, Rameshwar P, Arinzeh TL - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The majority of studies use in vitro, two-dimensional (2-D) monolayer cultures, which do not recapitulate the in vivo microenvironment.Further studies with MDA-MB-231 BCCs seeded on the scaffolds showed little to no change in cell number over time for non-treated BCCs whereas on tissue culture polystyrene (TCP), non-treated BCCs displayed a significant increase in cell number at days 4 and 7 as compared to day 1 (p<0.05).Treated BCCs did not proliferate on TCP and the fibrous scaffolds.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Despite early detection through the use of mammograms and aggressive intervention, breast cancer (BC) remains a clinical dilemma. BC can resurge after >10 years of remission. Studies indicate that BC cells (BCCs) with self-renewal and chemoresistance could be involved in dormancy. The majority of studies use in vitro, two-dimensional (2-D) monolayer cultures, which do not recapitulate the in vivo microenvironment. Thus, to determine the effect of three-dimensional (3-D) microenvironment on BCCs, this study fabricated tissue engineering scaffolds made of poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) having aligned or random fibers. Random and aligned fibers mimic, respectively, the random and highly organized collagen fibers found in the tumor extracellular matrix. Chemoresistant BCCs were obtained by treating with carboplatin. Western blot analysis of carboplatin resistant (treated) MDA-MB-231 (highly invasive, basal-like) and T47D (low-invasive, luminal) BCCs showed an increase in Bcl-2, Oct-4 and Sox-2, suggesting protection from apoptosis and increase in stem-like markers. Further studies with MDA-MB-231 BCCs seeded on the scaffolds showed little to no change in cell number over time for non-treated BCCs whereas on tissue culture polystyrene (TCP), non-treated BCCs displayed a significant increase in cell number at days 4 and 7 as compared to day 1 (p<0.05). Treated BCCs did not proliferate on TCP and the fibrous scaffolds. Little to no cyclin D1 was expressed for non-treated BCCs on TCP. On fibrous scaffolds, non-treated BCCs stained for cyclin D1 during the 7-day culture period. Treated BCCs expressed cyclin D1 on TCP and fibrous scaffolds during the 7-day culture period. Proliferation, viability and cell cycle analysis indicated that this 3-D culture prompted the aggressive BCCs to adopt a dormant phenotype, while the treated BCCs retained their phenotype. The findings indicate that random and aligned fibrous PCL scaffolds may provide a useful system to study how the 3-D microenvironment affects the behavior of BCCs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A: BCC growth on random and aligned fibrous scaffolds in comparison to TCP.a) TCP. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1. b p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 7 as compared to day 1and day 4. b) Random fibers. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1 and day 7. c) Aligned fibers. Values are mean ±SD.
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pone.0118724.g007: A: BCC growth on random and aligned fibrous scaffolds in comparison to TCP.a) TCP. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1. b p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 7 as compared to day 1and day 4. b) Random fibers. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1 and day 7. c) Aligned fibers. Values are mean ±SD.

Mentions: On TCP, non-treated BCCs displayed significant increase in cell number at days 4 and 7 as compared to day 1 (p<0.05) (Fig. 7A). Non-treated BCCs showed a slight increase in cell growth at day 4 (p<0.05) on random fibrous scaffolds (Fig. 7B). No differences in cell number were detected over time for treated BCCs on TCP and fibrous scaffolds. (Fig. 7A-C).


Investigating breast cancer cell behavior using tissue engineering scaffolds.

Guiro K, Patel SA, Greco SJ, Rameshwar P, Arinzeh TL - PLoS ONE (2015)

A: BCC growth on random and aligned fibrous scaffolds in comparison to TCP.a) TCP. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1. b p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 7 as compared to day 1and day 4. b) Random fibers. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1 and day 7. c) Aligned fibers. Values are mean ±SD.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383476&req=5

pone.0118724.g007: A: BCC growth on random and aligned fibrous scaffolds in comparison to TCP.a) TCP. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1. b p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 7 as compared to day 1and day 4. b) Random fibers. a p<0.05, significant increase in growth of non-treated BCCs at day 4 as compared to day 1 and day 7. c) Aligned fibers. Values are mean ±SD.
Mentions: On TCP, non-treated BCCs displayed significant increase in cell number at days 4 and 7 as compared to day 1 (p<0.05) (Fig. 7A). Non-treated BCCs showed a slight increase in cell growth at day 4 (p<0.05) on random fibrous scaffolds (Fig. 7B). No differences in cell number were detected over time for treated BCCs on TCP and fibrous scaffolds. (Fig. 7A-C).

Bottom Line: The majority of studies use in vitro, two-dimensional (2-D) monolayer cultures, which do not recapitulate the in vivo microenvironment.Further studies with MDA-MB-231 BCCs seeded on the scaffolds showed little to no change in cell number over time for non-treated BCCs whereas on tissue culture polystyrene (TCP), non-treated BCCs displayed a significant increase in cell number at days 4 and 7 as compared to day 1 (p<0.05).Treated BCCs did not proliferate on TCP and the fibrous scaffolds.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Despite early detection through the use of mammograms and aggressive intervention, breast cancer (BC) remains a clinical dilemma. BC can resurge after >10 years of remission. Studies indicate that BC cells (BCCs) with self-renewal and chemoresistance could be involved in dormancy. The majority of studies use in vitro, two-dimensional (2-D) monolayer cultures, which do not recapitulate the in vivo microenvironment. Thus, to determine the effect of three-dimensional (3-D) microenvironment on BCCs, this study fabricated tissue engineering scaffolds made of poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) having aligned or random fibers. Random and aligned fibers mimic, respectively, the random and highly organized collagen fibers found in the tumor extracellular matrix. Chemoresistant BCCs were obtained by treating with carboplatin. Western blot analysis of carboplatin resistant (treated) MDA-MB-231 (highly invasive, basal-like) and T47D (low-invasive, luminal) BCCs showed an increase in Bcl-2, Oct-4 and Sox-2, suggesting protection from apoptosis and increase in stem-like markers. Further studies with MDA-MB-231 BCCs seeded on the scaffolds showed little to no change in cell number over time for non-treated BCCs whereas on tissue culture polystyrene (TCP), non-treated BCCs displayed a significant increase in cell number at days 4 and 7 as compared to day 1 (p<0.05). Treated BCCs did not proliferate on TCP and the fibrous scaffolds. Little to no cyclin D1 was expressed for non-treated BCCs on TCP. On fibrous scaffolds, non-treated BCCs stained for cyclin D1 during the 7-day culture period. Treated BCCs expressed cyclin D1 on TCP and fibrous scaffolds during the 7-day culture period. Proliferation, viability and cell cycle analysis indicated that this 3-D culture prompted the aggressive BCCs to adopt a dormant phenotype, while the treated BCCs retained their phenotype. The findings indicate that random and aligned fibrous PCL scaffolds may provide a useful system to study how the 3-D microenvironment affects the behavior of BCCs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus