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Associations of parental influences with physical activity and screen time among young children: a systematic review.

Xu H, Wen LM, Rissel C - J Obes (2015)

Bottom Line: Parents play a critical role in developing and shaping their children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours, particularly in the early years of life.This systematic review was conducted in November 2013 using 6 electronic databases covering research literature from January 1998 to November 2013.Thirty articles that met inclusion criteria were identified.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia ; Health Promotion Service, Sydney Local Health District, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia.

ABSTRACT
Parents play a critical role in developing and shaping their children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours, particularly in the early years of life. The aim of this systematic review is to identify current literature investigating associations of parental influences with both PA and screen time in young children. This systematic review was conducted in November 2013 using 6 electronic databases covering research literature from January 1998 to November 2013. Thirty articles that met inclusion criteria were identified. These studies covered five important aspects of parenting: (1) parenting practices; (2) parents' role modelling; (3) parental perceptions of children's PA and screen viewing behaviours; (4) parental self-efficacy; and (5) general parenting style. Findings suggest that parents' encouragement and support can increase children's PA, and reducing parents' own screen time can lead to decreased child screen time. Improving parenting practices, parental self-efficacy or changing parenting style may also be promising approaches to increasing PA time and decreasing screen time of young children.

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Flow diagram of study selection.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383435&req=5

fig1: Flow diagram of study selection.

Mentions: A total of 1414 articles were identified through database searching. Duplicate articles (n = 307) were removed, resulting in 1107 individual articles for consideration. By screening the titles, 1062 articles were considered to be irrelevant and thus excluded. Forty-five papers including grey literature remained as a result of the initial search. The references of these remaining 45 articles were further screened manually to identify other relevant articles. Five additional articles were included. A total of 50 full texts were further assessed. After excluding 20 articles according to the criteria, 30 articles were included in the present review. The process of study selection is reported in Figure 1.


Associations of parental influences with physical activity and screen time among young children: a systematic review.

Xu H, Wen LM, Rissel C - J Obes (2015)

Flow diagram of study selection.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383435&req=5

fig1: Flow diagram of study selection.
Mentions: A total of 1414 articles were identified through database searching. Duplicate articles (n = 307) were removed, resulting in 1107 individual articles for consideration. By screening the titles, 1062 articles were considered to be irrelevant and thus excluded. Forty-five papers including grey literature remained as a result of the initial search. The references of these remaining 45 articles were further screened manually to identify other relevant articles. Five additional articles were included. A total of 50 full texts were further assessed. After excluding 20 articles according to the criteria, 30 articles were included in the present review. The process of study selection is reported in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: Parents play a critical role in developing and shaping their children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours, particularly in the early years of life.This systematic review was conducted in November 2013 using 6 electronic databases covering research literature from January 1998 to November 2013.Thirty articles that met inclusion criteria were identified.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia ; Health Promotion Service, Sydney Local Health District, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia.

ABSTRACT
Parents play a critical role in developing and shaping their children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours, particularly in the early years of life. The aim of this systematic review is to identify current literature investigating associations of parental influences with both PA and screen time in young children. This systematic review was conducted in November 2013 using 6 electronic databases covering research literature from January 1998 to November 2013. Thirty articles that met inclusion criteria were identified. These studies covered five important aspects of parenting: (1) parenting practices; (2) parents' role modelling; (3) parental perceptions of children's PA and screen viewing behaviours; (4) parental self-efficacy; and (5) general parenting style. Findings suggest that parents' encouragement and support can increase children's PA, and reducing parents' own screen time can lead to decreased child screen time. Improving parenting practices, parental self-efficacy or changing parenting style may also be promising approaches to increasing PA time and decreasing screen time of young children.

Show MeSH