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Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation: a pilot study.

Watabe M, Kato TA, Teo AR, Horikawa H, Tateno M, Hayakawa K, Shimokawa N, Kanba S - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors.Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members.Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Business, Monash University, Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 46150 Bandar Sunway, Selangor Darul Ehsan 46150, Malaysia; Organization for Japan-US studies, Waseda University, Building No 120. 513, Waseda Tsurumaki-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 1620041, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Maladaptive social interaction and its related psychopathology have been highlighted in psychiatry especially among younger generations. In Japan, novel expressive forms of psychiatric phenomena such as "modern-type depression" and "hikikomori" (a syndrome of severe social withdrawal lasting for at least six months) have been reported especially among young people. Economic games such as the trust game have been utilized to evaluate real-world interpersonal relationships as a novel candidate for psychiatric evaluations. To investigate the relationship between trusting behaviors and various psychometric scales, we conducted a trust game experiment with eighty-one Japanese university students as a pilot study. Participants made a risky financial decision about whether to trust each of 40 photographed partners. Participants then answered a set of questionnaires with seven scales including the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS)-6 and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Consistent with previous research, male participants trusted partners more than female participants. Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors. Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members. Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships. We believe that our data indicate the possible impact of economic games in psychiatric research and clinical practice, and validation in clinical samples including modern-type depression and hikikomori should be investigated.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Trust Game Structure with the Most Extreme Cases.
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pone.0120183.g001: Trust Game Structure with the Most Extreme Cases.

Mentions: Participants were individually instructed on the trust game, and answered a few example questions to confirm that they fully understood the game structure. Participants then made decisions regarding how much of 1,300 JPY (about 13 USD) to give to each of 40 photographed partners. The amount of money given (Monetary Scores) to each partner was tripled, and the partner then decided whether to split the money equally with the participant or to take the entire amount of the money. Fig. 1 shows the game flow of the two extreme cases. The participant’s decision regarding how much money to give to the partner was expected to function as a behavioral measure of the trust that the participant has toward the photographed partner. The only information about the partner was a neutral head-and-shoulders photograph of a similarly-aged male or female. After each decision, the participants evaluated how trustworthy and attractive the partner was.


Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation: a pilot study.

Watabe M, Kato TA, Teo AR, Horikawa H, Tateno M, Hayakawa K, Shimokawa N, Kanba S - PLoS ONE (2015)

Trust Game Structure with the Most Extreme Cases.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383339&req=5

pone.0120183.g001: Trust Game Structure with the Most Extreme Cases.
Mentions: Participants were individually instructed on the trust game, and answered a few example questions to confirm that they fully understood the game structure. Participants then made decisions regarding how much of 1,300 JPY (about 13 USD) to give to each of 40 photographed partners. The amount of money given (Monetary Scores) to each partner was tripled, and the partner then decided whether to split the money equally with the participant or to take the entire amount of the money. Fig. 1 shows the game flow of the two extreme cases. The participant’s decision regarding how much money to give to the partner was expected to function as a behavioral measure of the trust that the participant has toward the photographed partner. The only information about the partner was a neutral head-and-shoulders photograph of a similarly-aged male or female. After each decision, the participants evaluated how trustworthy and attractive the partner was.

Bottom Line: Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors.Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members.Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Business, Monash University, Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 46150 Bandar Sunway, Selangor Darul Ehsan 46150, Malaysia; Organization for Japan-US studies, Waseda University, Building No 120. 513, Waseda Tsurumaki-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 1620041, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Maladaptive social interaction and its related psychopathology have been highlighted in psychiatry especially among younger generations. In Japan, novel expressive forms of psychiatric phenomena such as "modern-type depression" and "hikikomori" (a syndrome of severe social withdrawal lasting for at least six months) have been reported especially among young people. Economic games such as the trust game have been utilized to evaluate real-world interpersonal relationships as a novel candidate for psychiatric evaluations. To investigate the relationship between trusting behaviors and various psychometric scales, we conducted a trust game experiment with eighty-one Japanese university students as a pilot study. Participants made a risky financial decision about whether to trust each of 40 photographed partners. Participants then answered a set of questionnaires with seven scales including the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS)-6 and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Consistent with previous research, male participants trusted partners more than female participants. Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors. Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members. Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships. We believe that our data indicate the possible impact of economic games in psychiatric research and clinical practice, and validation in clinical samples including modern-type depression and hikikomori should be investigated.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus