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Intra-operative tissue oxygen tension is increased by local insufflation of humidified-warm CO2 during open abdominal surgery in a rat model.

Marshall JK, Lindner P, Tait N, Maddocks T, Riepsamen A, van der Linden J - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Three sets of randomized cross-over experiments were conducted in which the abdominal cavity was subjected to alternating exposure to 1) humidified-warm CO2 & ambient air; 2) humidified-warm CO2 & dry-cold CO2; and 3) dry-cold CO2 & ambient air.Tissue temperature decreased upon exposure to dry-cold CO2 compared with ambient air (-1.4°C, SD 0.5, p = 0.001).The effect is an additive result of the delivery of CO2 and avoidance of evaporative cooling via the delivery of the CO2 gas humidified at body temperature.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia; Graduate School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Maintenance of high tissue oxygenation (PtO2) is recommended during surgery because PtO2 is highly predictive of surgical site infection and colonic anastomotic leakage. However, surgical site perfusion is often sub-optimal, creating an obstructive hurdle for traditional, systemically applied therapies to maintain or increase surgical site PtO2. This research tested the hypothesis that insufflation of humidified-warm CO2 into the abdominal cavity would increase sub-peritoneal PtO2 during open abdominal surgery.

Materials and methods: 15 Wistar rats underwent laparotomy under general anesthesia. Three sets of randomized cross-over experiments were conducted in which the abdominal cavity was subjected to alternating exposure to 1) humidified-warm CO2 & ambient air; 2) humidified-warm CO2 & dry-cold CO2; and 3) dry-cold CO2 & ambient air. Sub-peritoneal PtO2 and tissue temperature were measured with a polarographic oxygen probe.

Results: Upon insufflation of humidified-warm CO2, PtO2 increased by 29.8 mmHg (SD 13.3; p<0.001), or 96.6% (SD 51.9), and tissue temperature by 3.0°C (SD 1.7 p<0.001), in comparison with exposure to ambient air. Smaller, but significant, increases in PtO2 were seen in experiments 2 and 3. Tissue temperature decreased upon exposure to dry-cold CO2 compared with ambient air (-1.4°C, SD 0.5, p = 0.001).

Conclusions: In a rat model, insufflation of humidified-warm CO2 into the abdominal cavity during open abdominal surgery causes an immediate and potentially clinically significant increase in PtO2. The effect is an additive result of the delivery of CO2 and avoidance of evaporative cooling via the delivery of the CO2 gas humidified at body temperature.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Change in PtO2 (shown as both an absolute change (mmHg) and relative change (%)), tissue temperature and rectal temperature affected by the intervention condition of each experiment.Error bars show 95% confidence intervals. Where error bars do not cross zero, the intervention had a statistically significant effect compared with the control condition.
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pone.0122838.g002: Change in PtO2 (shown as both an absolute change (mmHg) and relative change (%)), tissue temperature and rectal temperature affected by the intervention condition of each experiment.Error bars show 95% confidence intervals. Where error bars do not cross zero, the intervention had a statistically significant effect compared with the control condition.

Mentions: Upon insufflation of humidified-warm CO2, both PtO2 and tissue temperature increased almost immediately following the start of each period of gas insufflation, and was reversed each time gas insufflation was stopped (Fig. 1). Mean sub-peritoneal PtO2 increased by 29.8 mmHg (SD 13.3, p<0.001), or 96.6% (SD 51.9), and tissue temperature by 3.0°C (SD 1.7 p<0.001) compared with exposure to ambient air (experiment 1) (Table 1 and Fig. 2).


Intra-operative tissue oxygen tension is increased by local insufflation of humidified-warm CO2 during open abdominal surgery in a rat model.

Marshall JK, Lindner P, Tait N, Maddocks T, Riepsamen A, van der Linden J - PLoS ONE (2015)

Change in PtO2 (shown as both an absolute change (mmHg) and relative change (%)), tissue temperature and rectal temperature affected by the intervention condition of each experiment.Error bars show 95% confidence intervals. Where error bars do not cross zero, the intervention had a statistically significant effect compared with the control condition.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383325&req=5

pone.0122838.g002: Change in PtO2 (shown as both an absolute change (mmHg) and relative change (%)), tissue temperature and rectal temperature affected by the intervention condition of each experiment.Error bars show 95% confidence intervals. Where error bars do not cross zero, the intervention had a statistically significant effect compared with the control condition.
Mentions: Upon insufflation of humidified-warm CO2, both PtO2 and tissue temperature increased almost immediately following the start of each period of gas insufflation, and was reversed each time gas insufflation was stopped (Fig. 1). Mean sub-peritoneal PtO2 increased by 29.8 mmHg (SD 13.3, p<0.001), or 96.6% (SD 51.9), and tissue temperature by 3.0°C (SD 1.7 p<0.001) compared with exposure to ambient air (experiment 1) (Table 1 and Fig. 2).

Bottom Line: Three sets of randomized cross-over experiments were conducted in which the abdominal cavity was subjected to alternating exposure to 1) humidified-warm CO2 & ambient air; 2) humidified-warm CO2 & dry-cold CO2; and 3) dry-cold CO2 & ambient air.Tissue temperature decreased upon exposure to dry-cold CO2 compared with ambient air (-1.4°C, SD 0.5, p = 0.001).The effect is an additive result of the delivery of CO2 and avoidance of evaporative cooling via the delivery of the CO2 gas humidified at body temperature.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia; Graduate School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Maintenance of high tissue oxygenation (PtO2) is recommended during surgery because PtO2 is highly predictive of surgical site infection and colonic anastomotic leakage. However, surgical site perfusion is often sub-optimal, creating an obstructive hurdle for traditional, systemically applied therapies to maintain or increase surgical site PtO2. This research tested the hypothesis that insufflation of humidified-warm CO2 into the abdominal cavity would increase sub-peritoneal PtO2 during open abdominal surgery.

Materials and methods: 15 Wistar rats underwent laparotomy under general anesthesia. Three sets of randomized cross-over experiments were conducted in which the abdominal cavity was subjected to alternating exposure to 1) humidified-warm CO2 & ambient air; 2) humidified-warm CO2 & dry-cold CO2; and 3) dry-cold CO2 & ambient air. Sub-peritoneal PtO2 and tissue temperature were measured with a polarographic oxygen probe.

Results: Upon insufflation of humidified-warm CO2, PtO2 increased by 29.8 mmHg (SD 13.3; p<0.001), or 96.6% (SD 51.9), and tissue temperature by 3.0°C (SD 1.7 p<0.001), in comparison with exposure to ambient air. Smaller, but significant, increases in PtO2 were seen in experiments 2 and 3. Tissue temperature decreased upon exposure to dry-cold CO2 compared with ambient air (-1.4°C, SD 0.5, p = 0.001).

Conclusions: In a rat model, insufflation of humidified-warm CO2 into the abdominal cavity during open abdominal surgery causes an immediate and potentially clinically significant increase in PtO2. The effect is an additive result of the delivery of CO2 and avoidance of evaporative cooling via the delivery of the CO2 gas humidified at body temperature.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus