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Comparative evaluation of oral flupirtine and oral diclofenac sodium for analgesia and adverse effects in elective abdominal surgeries.

Attri JP, Sandhu GK, Khichy S, Singh H, Singh K, Sharan R - Anesth Essays Res (2015 Jan-Apr)

Bottom Line: Patients in diclofenac group experienced significantly more heartburn (P = 0.00), impaired taste sensation (P < 0.001) and dizziness (P = 0.004) as compared to flupirtine group.Oral flupirtine and diclofenac sodium were equally effective for postoperative analgesia.There was faster onset of analgesia with diclofenac sodium, but flupirtine was better tolerated by the patients because of its minimal adverse effects.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anaesthesia, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Flupirtine is a centrally-acting, nonopioid analgesic that interacts with N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors.

Aim: The present study was designed to compare analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of orally administered flupirtine and diclofenac sodium for postoperative pain relief.

Settings and design: In a prospective, randomized double-blind study, 100 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist grade I and II in the age group of 18-65 years of either sex undergoing elective abdominal surgeries were included after taking informed consent.

Materials and methods: The present study started after 12 h of surgery and patients were randomly divided into two groups of 50 each. For postoperative analgesia, group A received flupirtine 100 mg orally and group B received diclofenac sodium 50 mg orally and study drugs were repeated every 6 hourly for 5 days postoperatively. Vital parameters and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for pain were recorded at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h, and adverse effects were noted for 48 h of the study period.

Statistical analysis: Data were compiled and analyzed statistically using Chi-square test and two-tailed Student's t-test.

Results: Visual analogue scores decreased more rapidly in diclofenac group during 1(st) h, hence there was rapid onset of analgesia in this group as compared to flupirtine group but later on VAS was comparable in both groups at all measured intervals (P > 0.05). Patients in diclofenac group experienced significantly more heartburn (P = 0.00), impaired taste sensation (P < 0.001) and dizziness (P = 0.004) as compared to flupirtine group.

Conclusion: Oral flupirtine and diclofenac sodium were equally effective for postoperative analgesia. There was faster onset of analgesia with diclofenac sodium, but flupirtine was better tolerated by the patients because of its minimal adverse effects.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of two groups with respect to post operative analgesia, side effects and complications
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Figure 1: Comparison of two groups with respect to post operative analgesia, side effects and complications


Comparative evaluation of oral flupirtine and oral diclofenac sodium for analgesia and adverse effects in elective abdominal surgeries.

Attri JP, Sandhu GK, Khichy S, Singh H, Singh K, Sharan R - Anesth Essays Res (2015 Jan-Apr)

Comparison of two groups with respect to post operative analgesia, side effects and complications
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4383128&req=5

Figure 1: Comparison of two groups with respect to post operative analgesia, side effects and complications
Bottom Line: Patients in diclofenac group experienced significantly more heartburn (P = 0.00), impaired taste sensation (P < 0.001) and dizziness (P = 0.004) as compared to flupirtine group.Oral flupirtine and diclofenac sodium were equally effective for postoperative analgesia.There was faster onset of analgesia with diclofenac sodium, but flupirtine was better tolerated by the patients because of its minimal adverse effects.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anaesthesia, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Flupirtine is a centrally-acting, nonopioid analgesic that interacts with N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors.

Aim: The present study was designed to compare analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of orally administered flupirtine and diclofenac sodium for postoperative pain relief.

Settings and design: In a prospective, randomized double-blind study, 100 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist grade I and II in the age group of 18-65 years of either sex undergoing elective abdominal surgeries were included after taking informed consent.

Materials and methods: The present study started after 12 h of surgery and patients were randomly divided into two groups of 50 each. For postoperative analgesia, group A received flupirtine 100 mg orally and group B received diclofenac sodium 50 mg orally and study drugs were repeated every 6 hourly for 5 days postoperatively. Vital parameters and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for pain were recorded at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h, and adverse effects were noted for 48 h of the study period.

Statistical analysis: Data were compiled and analyzed statistically using Chi-square test and two-tailed Student's t-test.

Results: Visual analogue scores decreased more rapidly in diclofenac group during 1(st) h, hence there was rapid onset of analgesia in this group as compared to flupirtine group but later on VAS was comparable in both groups at all measured intervals (P > 0.05). Patients in diclofenac group experienced significantly more heartburn (P = 0.00), impaired taste sensation (P < 0.001) and dizziness (P = 0.004) as compared to flupirtine group.

Conclusion: Oral flupirtine and diclofenac sodium were equally effective for postoperative analgesia. There was faster onset of analgesia with diclofenac sodium, but flupirtine was better tolerated by the patients because of its minimal adverse effects.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus