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Combined effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 and CC chemokine ligand 2 on angiogenic events in endothelial cells.

Viana IM, de Almeida ME, Lins MP, dos Santos Reis MD, de Araújo Vieira LF, Smaniotto S - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Flow cytometry analysis showed that IGF-1 and CCL2 treatment did not interfere with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression, but CCL2 treatment increased CCL2 receptor (CCR2) expression.Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the IGF-1/CCL2 combination induced a greater increase in fibronectin deposition, but the treatments did not alter the expression of the fibronectin receptors, CD49e and CD44.Furthermore, IGF-1/CCL2 stimulated endothelial cells, grown on fibronectin, to form capillary-like structures and intercellular lumina with greater luminal area.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biology and Health Science, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Therapeutic angiogenesis may be applied in medical conditions to promote stimulation of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is a multistep process, which includes endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation, which is mediated by various angiogenic polypeptides. Thus, studies that elucidate the cellular mechanisms involved in these processes are necessary to develop novel therapeutic strategies. This study investigated the in vitro effects of the pro-angiogenic factors, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and/or chemokine (CC motif) ligand 2 (CCL2), on endothelial cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed that IGF-1 and CCL2 treatment did not interfere with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression, but CCL2 treatment increased CCL2 receptor (CCR2) expression. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the IGF-1/CCL2 combination induced a greater increase in fibronectin deposition, but the treatments did not alter the expression of the fibronectin receptors, CD49e and CD44. The interaction of fibronectin with cytokines demonstrated that IGF-1/CCL2 promoted changes in intermediate F-actin remodeling that may result in increased endothelial cell adhesion and cell migration mediated by fibronectin. Furthermore, IGF-1/CCL2 stimulated endothelial cells, grown on fibronectin, to form capillary-like structures and intercellular lumina with greater luminal area. These data suggest that IGF-1/CCL2 combination and a fibronectin matrix may contribute to the angiogenesis process to stimulate adhesion, migration, and tube formation by endothelial cells as a result of F-actin remodeling.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

IGF-1 and/or CCL2 increased adhesion and migration of tEnd.1 cells.(A) tEnd.1 cells treated with IGF-1 (100 ng/mL), CCL2 (10 ng/mL), or a combination of both for 24 h on BSA or FN coating were stained with Alexa 488-phalloidin and analyzed by confocal microscopy with a 63× objective. (B) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to adhere on BSA- or FN-coated surfaces for 1 h after stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 24 h. (C) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to migrate through transwell chambers coated with BSA or FN after chemotactic stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 6 h. Photomicrographs demonstrate cells invading through the transwell membrane. Giemsa staining. Scale bar = 10 μm. (D) Bars represent the number of migrating cells in a transwell system. Data are represented as mean ± SEM (n = 5/group). Results were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s post-test. Significant values compared to control group: p < 0.05 (*), p < 0.01 (**), or p < 0.0001 (***); significant values compared to control group and the IGF-1 treatment: p < 0.05 (#); and significant values compared to control group and single treatments: p < 0.01 (+).
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pone.0121249.g003: IGF-1 and/or CCL2 increased adhesion and migration of tEnd.1 cells.(A) tEnd.1 cells treated with IGF-1 (100 ng/mL), CCL2 (10 ng/mL), or a combination of both for 24 h on BSA or FN coating were stained with Alexa 488-phalloidin and analyzed by confocal microscopy with a 63× objective. (B) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to adhere on BSA- or FN-coated surfaces for 1 h after stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 24 h. (C) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to migrate through transwell chambers coated with BSA or FN after chemotactic stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 6 h. Photomicrographs demonstrate cells invading through the transwell membrane. Giemsa staining. Scale bar = 10 μm. (D) Bars represent the number of migrating cells in a transwell system. Data are represented as mean ± SEM (n = 5/group). Results were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s post-test. Significant values compared to control group: p < 0.05 (*), p < 0.01 (**), or p < 0.0001 (***); significant values compared to control group and the IGF-1 treatment: p < 0.05 (#); and significant values compared to control group and single treatments: p < 0.01 (+).

Mentions: To investigate whether cytokines and FN interact to stimulate actin cytoskeleton organization, the effect of IGF-1 and/or CCL2 on F-actin was determined on BSA- or FN-coated surfaces, followed by direct staining with phalloidin. Ours results showed that F-actin cytoskeleton on FN matrix was more spreading (2.2×) than that of the cells grown on BSA without treatment. Moreover, IGF/CCL2 treatment of cells grown on the FN matrix increased the cell number (1.6×) and induced larger (2.6×) lamellipodia than those of the cells grown on BSA coating (Fig. 3A). IGF-1 treatment resulted in a more elongated cytoskeleton, while IGF-1/CCL2 combination treatment increased number and area of lamellipodia.


Combined effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 and CC chemokine ligand 2 on angiogenic events in endothelial cells.

Viana IM, de Almeida ME, Lins MP, dos Santos Reis MD, de Araújo Vieira LF, Smaniotto S - PLoS ONE (2015)

IGF-1 and/or CCL2 increased adhesion and migration of tEnd.1 cells.(A) tEnd.1 cells treated with IGF-1 (100 ng/mL), CCL2 (10 ng/mL), or a combination of both for 24 h on BSA or FN coating were stained with Alexa 488-phalloidin and analyzed by confocal microscopy with a 63× objective. (B) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to adhere on BSA- or FN-coated surfaces for 1 h after stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 24 h. (C) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to migrate through transwell chambers coated with BSA or FN after chemotactic stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 6 h. Photomicrographs demonstrate cells invading through the transwell membrane. Giemsa staining. Scale bar = 10 μm. (D) Bars represent the number of migrating cells in a transwell system. Data are represented as mean ± SEM (n = 5/group). Results were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s post-test. Significant values compared to control group: p < 0.05 (*), p < 0.01 (**), or p < 0.0001 (***); significant values compared to control group and the IGF-1 treatment: p < 0.05 (#); and significant values compared to control group and single treatments: p < 0.01 (+).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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pone.0121249.g003: IGF-1 and/or CCL2 increased adhesion and migration of tEnd.1 cells.(A) tEnd.1 cells treated with IGF-1 (100 ng/mL), CCL2 (10 ng/mL), or a combination of both for 24 h on BSA or FN coating were stained with Alexa 488-phalloidin and analyzed by confocal microscopy with a 63× objective. (B) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to adhere on BSA- or FN-coated surfaces for 1 h after stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 24 h. (C) tEnd.1 cells were allowed to migrate through transwell chambers coated with BSA or FN after chemotactic stimulation with IGF-1, CCL2, or IGF-1/CCL2 for 6 h. Photomicrographs demonstrate cells invading through the transwell membrane. Giemsa staining. Scale bar = 10 μm. (D) Bars represent the number of migrating cells in a transwell system. Data are represented as mean ± SEM (n = 5/group). Results were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s post-test. Significant values compared to control group: p < 0.05 (*), p < 0.01 (**), or p < 0.0001 (***); significant values compared to control group and the IGF-1 treatment: p < 0.05 (#); and significant values compared to control group and single treatments: p < 0.01 (+).
Mentions: To investigate whether cytokines and FN interact to stimulate actin cytoskeleton organization, the effect of IGF-1 and/or CCL2 on F-actin was determined on BSA- or FN-coated surfaces, followed by direct staining with phalloidin. Ours results showed that F-actin cytoskeleton on FN matrix was more spreading (2.2×) than that of the cells grown on BSA without treatment. Moreover, IGF/CCL2 treatment of cells grown on the FN matrix increased the cell number (1.6×) and induced larger (2.6×) lamellipodia than those of the cells grown on BSA coating (Fig. 3A). IGF-1 treatment resulted in a more elongated cytoskeleton, while IGF-1/CCL2 combination treatment increased number and area of lamellipodia.

Bottom Line: Flow cytometry analysis showed that IGF-1 and CCL2 treatment did not interfere with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression, but CCL2 treatment increased CCL2 receptor (CCR2) expression.Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the IGF-1/CCL2 combination induced a greater increase in fibronectin deposition, but the treatments did not alter the expression of the fibronectin receptors, CD49e and CD44.Furthermore, IGF-1/CCL2 stimulated endothelial cells, grown on fibronectin, to form capillary-like structures and intercellular lumina with greater luminal area.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biology and Health Science, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Therapeutic angiogenesis may be applied in medical conditions to promote stimulation of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is a multistep process, which includes endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation, which is mediated by various angiogenic polypeptides. Thus, studies that elucidate the cellular mechanisms involved in these processes are necessary to develop novel therapeutic strategies. This study investigated the in vitro effects of the pro-angiogenic factors, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and/or chemokine (CC motif) ligand 2 (CCL2), on endothelial cells. Flow cytometry analysis showed that IGF-1 and CCL2 treatment did not interfere with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression, but CCL2 treatment increased CCL2 receptor (CCR2) expression. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the IGF-1/CCL2 combination induced a greater increase in fibronectin deposition, but the treatments did not alter the expression of the fibronectin receptors, CD49e and CD44. The interaction of fibronectin with cytokines demonstrated that IGF-1/CCL2 promoted changes in intermediate F-actin remodeling that may result in increased endothelial cell adhesion and cell migration mediated by fibronectin. Furthermore, IGF-1/CCL2 stimulated endothelial cells, grown on fibronectin, to form capillary-like structures and intercellular lumina with greater luminal area. These data suggest that IGF-1/CCL2 combination and a fibronectin matrix may contribute to the angiogenesis process to stimulate adhesion, migration, and tube formation by endothelial cells as a result of F-actin remodeling.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus