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The stream of experience when watching artistic movies. Dynamic aesthetic effects revealed by the Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP).

Muth C, Raab MH, Carbon CC - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight.Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity.Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany ; Bamberg Graduate School of Affective and Cognitive Sciences, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Research in perception and appreciation is often focused on snapshots, stills of experience. Static approaches allow for multidimensional assessment, but are unable to catch the crucial dynamics of affective and perceptual processes; for instance, aesthetic phenomena such as the "Aesthetic-Aha" (the increase in liking after the sudden detection of Gestalt), effects of expectation, or Berlyne's idea that "disorientation" with a "promise of success" elicits interest. We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight. Via the so-called Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP) enabling analogous evaluation in a continuous way, participants assessed the material on two aesthetic dimensions blockwise either in a gallery or a laboratory. The material's inherent dynamics were described via assessments of liking, interest, determinacy, and surprise along with a computational analysis on the variable complexity. We identified moments of insight as peaks in determinacy and surprise. Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity. We propose a preliminary model of dynamics in liking and interest with regard to complexity and perceptual insight and discuss descriptions of participants' experiences of insight. Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A preliminary model of physical and semantical dynamics in interest and liking. An increase in complexity elicits an orienting reaction along with an increase in interest which precedes the Aha Insight (“Aesthetic Aha,” Muth and Carbon, 2013).
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Figure 13: A preliminary model of physical and semantical dynamics in interest and liking. An increase in complexity elicits an orienting reaction along with an increase in interest which precedes the Aha Insight (“Aesthetic Aha,” Muth and Carbon, 2013).

Mentions: Based on our findings we would like to postulate a preliminary model of physical and semantical dynamics in the perception of indeterminate material and its effects on liking and interest (see Figure 13): an increase in complexity might signal the potential meaningfulness of a situation or object which makes this case more interesting. Such a tag on interest triggers an orienting reaction which unleashes further cognitive resources to process the potentially relevant item. By at least partly solving indeterminacy, a Gestalt is recognized which allows an Aha-insight to occur. The result of such an “Aesthetic Aha” is an increase in liking (as in Muth and Carbon, 2013).


The stream of experience when watching artistic movies. Dynamic aesthetic effects revealed by the Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP).

Muth C, Raab MH, Carbon CC - Front Psychol (2015)

A preliminary model of physical and semantical dynamics in interest and liking. An increase in complexity elicits an orienting reaction along with an increase in interest which precedes the Aha Insight (“Aesthetic Aha,” Muth and Carbon, 2013).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4379740&req=5

Figure 13: A preliminary model of physical and semantical dynamics in interest and liking. An increase in complexity elicits an orienting reaction along with an increase in interest which precedes the Aha Insight (“Aesthetic Aha,” Muth and Carbon, 2013).
Mentions: Based on our findings we would like to postulate a preliminary model of physical and semantical dynamics in the perception of indeterminate material and its effects on liking and interest (see Figure 13): an increase in complexity might signal the potential meaningfulness of a situation or object which makes this case more interesting. Such a tag on interest triggers an orienting reaction which unleashes further cognitive resources to process the potentially relevant item. By at least partly solving indeterminacy, a Gestalt is recognized which allows an Aha-insight to occur. The result of such an “Aesthetic Aha” is an increase in liking (as in Muth and Carbon, 2013).

Bottom Line: We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight.Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity.Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany ; Bamberg Graduate School of Affective and Cognitive Sciences, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Research in perception and appreciation is often focused on snapshots, stills of experience. Static approaches allow for multidimensional assessment, but are unable to catch the crucial dynamics of affective and perceptual processes; for instance, aesthetic phenomena such as the "Aesthetic-Aha" (the increase in liking after the sudden detection of Gestalt), effects of expectation, or Berlyne's idea that "disorientation" with a "promise of success" elicits interest. We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight. Via the so-called Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP) enabling analogous evaluation in a continuous way, participants assessed the material on two aesthetic dimensions blockwise either in a gallery or a laboratory. The material's inherent dynamics were described via assessments of liking, interest, determinacy, and surprise along with a computational analysis on the variable complexity. We identified moments of insight as peaks in determinacy and surprise. Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity. We propose a preliminary model of dynamics in liking and interest with regard to complexity and perceptual insight and discuss descriptions of participants' experiences of insight. Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus