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The stream of experience when watching artistic movies. Dynamic aesthetic effects revealed by the Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP).

Muth C, Raab MH, Carbon CC - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight.Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity.Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany ; Bamberg Graduate School of Affective and Cognitive Sciences, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Research in perception and appreciation is often focused on snapshots, stills of experience. Static approaches allow for multidimensional assessment, but are unable to catch the crucial dynamics of affective and perceptual processes; for instance, aesthetic phenomena such as the "Aesthetic-Aha" (the increase in liking after the sudden detection of Gestalt), effects of expectation, or Berlyne's idea that "disorientation" with a "promise of success" elicits interest. We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight. Via the so-called Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP) enabling analogous evaluation in a continuous way, participants assessed the material on two aesthetic dimensions blockwise either in a gallery or a laboratory. The material's inherent dynamics were described via assessments of liking, interest, determinacy, and surprise along with a computational analysis on the variable complexity. We identified moments of insight as peaks in determinacy and surprise. Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity. We propose a preliminary model of dynamics in liking and interest with regard to complexity and perceptual insight and discuss descriptions of participants' experiences of insight. Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Insight window revealing the dynamics of liking and interest in relation to moments of insight. An exemplary angle from which we derived the cosine value that we compared to a random set of 1000 cosine values of other changes is depicted for liking at the moment of insight. Numbers signify the strength of the effect via Cohen's d for significant changes at the insight moment [Δ(frames) = 0] as well as prior to the moments of insight [at Δ(frames) = –15, Δ(frames) = –30, and Δ(frames) = –45]. Note: changes which are significant at an α-level of 5% are marked by an asterisk.
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Figure 11: Insight window revealing the dynamics of liking and interest in relation to moments of insight. An exemplary angle from which we derived the cosine value that we compared to a random set of 1000 cosine values of other changes is depicted for liking at the moment of insight. Numbers signify the strength of the effect via Cohen's d for significant changes at the insight moment [Δ(frames) = 0] as well as prior to the moments of insight [at Δ(frames) = –15, Δ(frames) = –30, and Δ(frames) = –45]. Note: changes which are significant at an α-level of 5% are marked by an asterisk.

Mentions: A two-sided one sample t-test revealed that the increase in liking during an insight window, meaning after an insight moment, was significantly higher than other changes in liking during the evaluation of the movie, t(1005) = 2.33, p = 0.02, Cohen's d = 0.47 (for a visual comparison to changes in adjacent windows see right panel in Figure 8). Changes before that time point were not significant (for a differentiated visualization of these results see Figure 11). Furthermore, we found a strong correlation between determinacy and liking (r = 0.663, p < 0.001; see Figure 10).


The stream of experience when watching artistic movies. Dynamic aesthetic effects revealed by the Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP).

Muth C, Raab MH, Carbon CC - Front Psychol (2015)

Insight window revealing the dynamics of liking and interest in relation to moments of insight. An exemplary angle from which we derived the cosine value that we compared to a random set of 1000 cosine values of other changes is depicted for liking at the moment of insight. Numbers signify the strength of the effect via Cohen's d for significant changes at the insight moment [Δ(frames) = 0] as well as prior to the moments of insight [at Δ(frames) = –15, Δ(frames) = –30, and Δ(frames) = –45]. Note: changes which are significant at an α-level of 5% are marked by an asterisk.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4379740&req=5

Figure 11: Insight window revealing the dynamics of liking and interest in relation to moments of insight. An exemplary angle from which we derived the cosine value that we compared to a random set of 1000 cosine values of other changes is depicted for liking at the moment of insight. Numbers signify the strength of the effect via Cohen's d for significant changes at the insight moment [Δ(frames) = 0] as well as prior to the moments of insight [at Δ(frames) = –15, Δ(frames) = –30, and Δ(frames) = –45]. Note: changes which are significant at an α-level of 5% are marked by an asterisk.
Mentions: A two-sided one sample t-test revealed that the increase in liking during an insight window, meaning after an insight moment, was significantly higher than other changes in liking during the evaluation of the movie, t(1005) = 2.33, p = 0.02, Cohen's d = 0.47 (for a visual comparison to changes in adjacent windows see right panel in Figure 8). Changes before that time point were not significant (for a differentiated visualization of these results see Figure 11). Furthermore, we found a strong correlation between determinacy and liking (r = 0.663, p < 0.001; see Figure 10).

Bottom Line: We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight.Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity.Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany ; Bamberg Graduate School of Affective and Cognitive Sciences, University of Bamberg Bamberg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Research in perception and appreciation is often focused on snapshots, stills of experience. Static approaches allow for multidimensional assessment, but are unable to catch the crucial dynamics of affective and perceptual processes; for instance, aesthetic phenomena such as the "Aesthetic-Aha" (the increase in liking after the sudden detection of Gestalt), effects of expectation, or Berlyne's idea that "disorientation" with a "promise of success" elicits interest. We conducted empirical studies on indeterminate artistic movies depicting the evolution and metamorphosis of Gestalt and investigated (i) the effects of sudden perceptual insights on liking; that is, "Aesthetic Aha"-effects, (ii) the dynamics of interest before moments of insight, and (iii) the dynamics of complexity before and after moments of insight. Via the so-called Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP) enabling analogous evaluation in a continuous way, participants assessed the material on two aesthetic dimensions blockwise either in a gallery or a laboratory. The material's inherent dynamics were described via assessments of liking, interest, determinacy, and surprise along with a computational analysis on the variable complexity. We identified moments of insight as peaks in determinacy and surprise. Statistically significant changes in liking and interest demonstrated that: (i) insights increase liking, (ii) interest already increases 1500 ms before such moments of insight, supporting the idea that it is evoked by an expectation of understanding, and (iii) insights occur during increasing complexity. We propose a preliminary model of dynamics in liking and interest with regard to complexity and perceptual insight and discuss descriptions of participants' experiences of insight. Our results point to the importance of systematic analyses of dynamics in art perception and appreciation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus