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Biological motion perception is affected by age and cognitive style in children aged 8-15.

Ghanouni P, Memari AH, Shayestehfar M, Moshayedi P, Gharibzadeh S, Ziaee V - Neurol Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Results showed that the age and empathizing ability strongly predicted improvement in action perception in both contexts.Furthermore, accuracy of action perception increased significantly from 46.4% (SD = 16.1) in monadic to 62.5% (SD = 11.5) in dyadic social contexts.This study can help to identify the roles of social context in biological motion perception and shows that children with different cognitive styles may present different biological motion perception.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

ABSTRACT
The current paper aims to address the question of how biological motion perception in different social contexts is influenced by age or also affected by cognitive styles. We examined developmental changes of biological motion perception among 141 school children aged 8-15 using point-light displays in monadic and dyadic social contexts. Furthermore, the cognitive styles of participants were investigated using empathizing-systemizing questionnaires. Results showed that the age and empathizing ability strongly predicted improvement in action perception in both contexts. However the systemizing ability was an independent predictor of performance only in monadic contexts. Furthermore, accuracy of action perception increased significantly from 46.4% (SD = 16.1) in monadic to 62.5% (SD = 11.5) in dyadic social contexts. This study can help to identify the roles of social context in biological motion perception and shows that children with different cognitive styles may present different biological motion perception.

No MeSH data available.


Differences of performance in monadic and dyadic contexts to show the effect of context on biological motion detection across age.
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fig2: Differences of performance in monadic and dyadic contexts to show the effect of context on biological motion detection across age.

Mentions: To examine to what extent differences of performance in dyadic versus monadic contexts were predicted by independent factors, we conducted a linear regression on mean differences of action perception. Results showed that systemizing ability (t = −3.42, P = 0.001) and age (t = −2.18, P = 0.03) were both negative independent predictors of differences in performances. In other words, differences of action perception between dyadic and monadic contexts were larger in participants with a lower systemizing ability and also in younger children. Empathizing ability and other variables were removed from the model. The mean differences of performance in action perception in two contexts (dyads – monads) related to age were presented in Figure 2.


Biological motion perception is affected by age and cognitive style in children aged 8-15.

Ghanouni P, Memari AH, Shayestehfar M, Moshayedi P, Gharibzadeh S, Ziaee V - Neurol Res Int (2015)

Differences of performance in monadic and dyadic contexts to show the effect of context on biological motion detection across age.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4378609&req=5

fig2: Differences of performance in monadic and dyadic contexts to show the effect of context on biological motion detection across age.
Mentions: To examine to what extent differences of performance in dyadic versus monadic contexts were predicted by independent factors, we conducted a linear regression on mean differences of action perception. Results showed that systemizing ability (t = −3.42, P = 0.001) and age (t = −2.18, P = 0.03) were both negative independent predictors of differences in performances. In other words, differences of action perception between dyadic and monadic contexts were larger in participants with a lower systemizing ability and also in younger children. Empathizing ability and other variables were removed from the model. The mean differences of performance in action perception in two contexts (dyads – monads) related to age were presented in Figure 2.

Bottom Line: Results showed that the age and empathizing ability strongly predicted improvement in action perception in both contexts.Furthermore, accuracy of action perception increased significantly from 46.4% (SD = 16.1) in monadic to 62.5% (SD = 11.5) in dyadic social contexts.This study can help to identify the roles of social context in biological motion perception and shows that children with different cognitive styles may present different biological motion perception.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

ABSTRACT
The current paper aims to address the question of how biological motion perception in different social contexts is influenced by age or also affected by cognitive styles. We examined developmental changes of biological motion perception among 141 school children aged 8-15 using point-light displays in monadic and dyadic social contexts. Furthermore, the cognitive styles of participants were investigated using empathizing-systemizing questionnaires. Results showed that the age and empathizing ability strongly predicted improvement in action perception in both contexts. However the systemizing ability was an independent predictor of performance only in monadic contexts. Furthermore, accuracy of action perception increased significantly from 46.4% (SD = 16.1) in monadic to 62.5% (SD = 11.5) in dyadic social contexts. This study can help to identify the roles of social context in biological motion perception and shows that children with different cognitive styles may present different biological motion perception.

No MeSH data available.