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Bimanual elbow robotic orthoses: preliminary investigations on an impairment force-feedback rehabilitation method.

Herrnstadt G, Alavi N, Randhawa BK, Boyd LA, Menon C - Front Hum Neurosci (2015)

Bottom Line: We found that the Fugl-Meyer and Wolf Motor Function Test (pre to post) measured improvements (15 and 19%, respectively).Recognizing the brevity of the training, we focus our report primarily on the proprioception testing (32% significant improvement, p prop = 0.033) and protocol distinctive features and results.Outcome measures and results are presented and demonstrate the successful application and operation of the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MENRVA Laboratory, School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University , Burnaby, BC , Canada.

ABSTRACT
Modern rehabilitation practices have begun integrating robots, recognizing their significant role in recovery. New and alternative stroke rehabilitation treatments are essential to enhance efficacy and mitigate associated health costs. Today's robotic interventions can play a significant role in advancing rehabilitation. In addition, robots have an inherent ability to perform tasks accurately and reliably and are typically well suited to measure and quantify performance. Most rehabilitation strategies predominantly target activation of the paretic arm. However, bimanual upper-limb rehabilitation research suggests potential in enhancing functional recovery. Moreover, studies suggest that limb coordination and synchronization can improve treatment efficacy. In this preliminary study, we aimed to investigate and validate our user-driven bimanual system in a reduced intensity rehab practice. A bimanual wearable robotic device (BWRD) with a Master-Slave configuration for the elbow joint was developed to carry out the investigation. The BWRD incorporates position and force sensors for which respective control loops are implemented, and offers varying modes of operation ranging from passive to active training. The proposed system enables the perception of the movements, as well as the forces applied by the hemiparetic arm, with the non-hemiparetic arm. Eight participants with chronic unilateral stroke were recruited to participate in a total of three 1-h sessions per participant, delivered in a week. Participants underwent pre- and post-training functional assessments along with proprioceptive measures. The post-assessment was performed at the end of the last training session. The protocol was designed to engage the user in an assortment of static and dynamic arm matching and opposing tasks. The training incorporates force-feedback movements, force-feedback positioning, and force matching tasks with same and opposite direction movements. We are able to suggest identification of impairment patterns in the position-force plot results. In addition, we performed a proprioception evaluation with the system. We set out to design innovative and user immersive training tasks that utilize the BWRD capabilities, and we demonstrate that the subjects were able to cooperate and accomplish the protocol. We found that the Fugl-Meyer and Wolf Motor Function Test (pre to post) measured improvements (15 and 19%, respectively). Recognizing the brevity of the training, we focus our report primarily on the proprioception testing (32% significant improvement, p prop = 0.033) and protocol distinctive features and results. This paper presents the electromechanical features and performance of the BWRD, the testing protocol, and the assessments utilized. Outcome measures and results are presented and demonstrate the successful application and operation of the system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

BWRD system in use, and devices top view.
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Figure 1: BWRD system in use, and devices top view.

Mentions: The proposed bimanual wearable robotic device (BWRD) is composed of two 1-DOF robotic orthoses connected in a Master–Slave configuration. The BWRD is designed to train the movement of the elbow and is donned on both the non-hemiparetic (Master exoskeleton) and hemiparetic (Slave exoskeleton) arms as shown in Figure 1. Kinematic and force signals are processed and fed to the control algorithm.


Bimanual elbow robotic orthoses: preliminary investigations on an impairment force-feedback rehabilitation method.

Herrnstadt G, Alavi N, Randhawa BK, Boyd LA, Menon C - Front Hum Neurosci (2015)

BWRD system in use, and devices top view.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4378290&req=5

Figure 1: BWRD system in use, and devices top view.
Mentions: The proposed bimanual wearable robotic device (BWRD) is composed of two 1-DOF robotic orthoses connected in a Master–Slave configuration. The BWRD is designed to train the movement of the elbow and is donned on both the non-hemiparetic (Master exoskeleton) and hemiparetic (Slave exoskeleton) arms as shown in Figure 1. Kinematic and force signals are processed and fed to the control algorithm.

Bottom Line: We found that the Fugl-Meyer and Wolf Motor Function Test (pre to post) measured improvements (15 and 19%, respectively).Recognizing the brevity of the training, we focus our report primarily on the proprioception testing (32% significant improvement, p prop = 0.033) and protocol distinctive features and results.Outcome measures and results are presented and demonstrate the successful application and operation of the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: MENRVA Laboratory, School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University , Burnaby, BC , Canada.

ABSTRACT
Modern rehabilitation practices have begun integrating robots, recognizing their significant role in recovery. New and alternative stroke rehabilitation treatments are essential to enhance efficacy and mitigate associated health costs. Today's robotic interventions can play a significant role in advancing rehabilitation. In addition, robots have an inherent ability to perform tasks accurately and reliably and are typically well suited to measure and quantify performance. Most rehabilitation strategies predominantly target activation of the paretic arm. However, bimanual upper-limb rehabilitation research suggests potential in enhancing functional recovery. Moreover, studies suggest that limb coordination and synchronization can improve treatment efficacy. In this preliminary study, we aimed to investigate and validate our user-driven bimanual system in a reduced intensity rehab practice. A bimanual wearable robotic device (BWRD) with a Master-Slave configuration for the elbow joint was developed to carry out the investigation. The BWRD incorporates position and force sensors for which respective control loops are implemented, and offers varying modes of operation ranging from passive to active training. The proposed system enables the perception of the movements, as well as the forces applied by the hemiparetic arm, with the non-hemiparetic arm. Eight participants with chronic unilateral stroke were recruited to participate in a total of three 1-h sessions per participant, delivered in a week. Participants underwent pre- and post-training functional assessments along with proprioceptive measures. The post-assessment was performed at the end of the last training session. The protocol was designed to engage the user in an assortment of static and dynamic arm matching and opposing tasks. The training incorporates force-feedback movements, force-feedback positioning, and force matching tasks with same and opposite direction movements. We are able to suggest identification of impairment patterns in the position-force plot results. In addition, we performed a proprioception evaluation with the system. We set out to design innovative and user immersive training tasks that utilize the BWRD capabilities, and we demonstrate that the subjects were able to cooperate and accomplish the protocol. We found that the Fugl-Meyer and Wolf Motor Function Test (pre to post) measured improvements (15 and 19%, respectively). Recognizing the brevity of the training, we focus our report primarily on the proprioception testing (32% significant improvement, p prop = 0.033) and protocol distinctive features and results. This paper presents the electromechanical features and performance of the BWRD, the testing protocol, and the assessments utilized. Outcome measures and results are presented and demonstrate the successful application and operation of the system.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus