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Experimental chlorine partitioning between forsterite, enstatite and aqueous fluid at upper mantle conditions.

Fabbrizio A, Stalder R, Hametner K, Günther D - Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2013)

Bottom Line: Applying the new mineral/fluid partition coefficients to fluids in subduction zones, a contribution between 0.15% and 20% of the total chlorine from the nominally anhydrous minerals is estimated.Infrared spectra of experimental forsterite show absorption bands at 3525 and 3572 cm(-1) that are characteristic for hydroxyl point defects associated with trace Ti substitutions, and strongly suggest that the TiO2 content of the system can influence the chlorine and OH incorporation via the stabilization of Ti-clinohumite-like point defects.The water contents for coexisting forsterite and enstatite in some runs were determined using unpolarized IR spectra and calculated water partition coefficients [Formula: see text] are between 0.01 and 0.5.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52f, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

ABSTRACT

Cl partition coefficients between forsterite, enstatite and coexisting Cl-bearing aqueous fluids were determined in a series of high pressure and temperature piston cylinder experiments at 2 GPa between 900 and 1300 °C in the system MgO-SiO2-H2O-NaCl-BaO-C±CaCl2±TiO2±Al2O3±F. Diamond aggregates were added to the experimental capsule set-up in order to separate the fluid from the solid residue and enable in situ analysis of the quenched solute by LA-ICP-MS. The chlorine content of forsterite and enstatite was measured by electron microprobe, and the nature of hydrous defects was investigated by infrared spectroscopy. Partition coefficients show similar incompatibility for Cl in forsterite and enstatite, with D Cl (fo/fl) = 0.0012 ± 0.0006, D Cl (en/fl) = 0.0018 ± 0.0008 and D Cl (fo/en) = 1.43 ± 0.71. The values determined for mineral/fluid partitioning are very similar to previously determined values for mineral/melt. Applying the new mineral/fluid partition coefficients to fluids in subduction zones, a contribution between 0.15% and 20% of the total chlorine from the nominally anhydrous minerals is estimated. Infrared spectra of experimental forsterite show absorption bands at 3525 and 3572 cm(-1) that are characteristic for hydroxyl point defects associated with trace Ti substitutions, and strongly suggest that the TiO2 content of the system can influence the chlorine and OH incorporation via the stabilization of Ti-clinohumite-like point defects. The water contents for coexisting forsterite and enstatite in some runs were determined using unpolarized IR spectra and calculated water partition coefficients [Formula: see text] are between 0.01 and 0.5.

No MeSH data available.


MgO/SiO2 molar ratio of the fluids calculated from the LA-ICP-MS analyses (Table 3) vs. the salinity of the fluids expressed as the Cl/(Cl + H2O) molar ratio of the starting materials.
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f0010: MgO/SiO2 molar ratio of the fluids calculated from the LA-ICP-MS analyses (Table 3) vs. the salinity of the fluids expressed as the Cl/(Cl + H2O) molar ratio of the starting materials.

Mentions: The plot of the MgO/SiO2 molar ratios of the fluids vs. the Cl/(Cl + H2O) molar ratios of the starting materials (Fig. 2) shows a positive correlation, probably reflecting a decreased solubility of silica at high salinities. The plot of molar Cl contents of the fluids vs. the molar Cl contents of the starting materials (Fig. 3) shows a trend close to the line 1:1, indicating that in most of the experiments the measured Cl contents represent reliable values and that a negligible fraction of Cl was lost during piercing of the capsules.


Experimental chlorine partitioning between forsterite, enstatite and aqueous fluid at upper mantle conditions.

Fabbrizio A, Stalder R, Hametner K, Günther D - Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2013)

MgO/SiO2 molar ratio of the fluids calculated from the LA-ICP-MS analyses (Table 3) vs. the salinity of the fluids expressed as the Cl/(Cl + H2O) molar ratio of the starting materials.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4375631&req=5

f0010: MgO/SiO2 molar ratio of the fluids calculated from the LA-ICP-MS analyses (Table 3) vs. the salinity of the fluids expressed as the Cl/(Cl + H2O) molar ratio of the starting materials.
Mentions: The plot of the MgO/SiO2 molar ratios of the fluids vs. the Cl/(Cl + H2O) molar ratios of the starting materials (Fig. 2) shows a positive correlation, probably reflecting a decreased solubility of silica at high salinities. The plot of molar Cl contents of the fluids vs. the molar Cl contents of the starting materials (Fig. 3) shows a trend close to the line 1:1, indicating that in most of the experiments the measured Cl contents represent reliable values and that a negligible fraction of Cl was lost during piercing of the capsules.

Bottom Line: Applying the new mineral/fluid partition coefficients to fluids in subduction zones, a contribution between 0.15% and 20% of the total chlorine from the nominally anhydrous minerals is estimated.Infrared spectra of experimental forsterite show absorption bands at 3525 and 3572 cm(-1) that are characteristic for hydroxyl point defects associated with trace Ti substitutions, and strongly suggest that the TiO2 content of the system can influence the chlorine and OH incorporation via the stabilization of Ti-clinohumite-like point defects.The water contents for coexisting forsterite and enstatite in some runs were determined using unpolarized IR spectra and calculated water partition coefficients [Formula: see text] are between 0.01 and 0.5.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52f, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

ABSTRACT

Cl partition coefficients between forsterite, enstatite and coexisting Cl-bearing aqueous fluids were determined in a series of high pressure and temperature piston cylinder experiments at 2 GPa between 900 and 1300 °C in the system MgO-SiO2-H2O-NaCl-BaO-C±CaCl2±TiO2±Al2O3±F. Diamond aggregates were added to the experimental capsule set-up in order to separate the fluid from the solid residue and enable in situ analysis of the quenched solute by LA-ICP-MS. The chlorine content of forsterite and enstatite was measured by electron microprobe, and the nature of hydrous defects was investigated by infrared spectroscopy. Partition coefficients show similar incompatibility for Cl in forsterite and enstatite, with D Cl (fo/fl) = 0.0012 ± 0.0006, D Cl (en/fl) = 0.0018 ± 0.0008 and D Cl (fo/en) = 1.43 ± 0.71. The values determined for mineral/fluid partitioning are very similar to previously determined values for mineral/melt. Applying the new mineral/fluid partition coefficients to fluids in subduction zones, a contribution between 0.15% and 20% of the total chlorine from the nominally anhydrous minerals is estimated. Infrared spectra of experimental forsterite show absorption bands at 3525 and 3572 cm(-1) that are characteristic for hydroxyl point defects associated with trace Ti substitutions, and strongly suggest that the TiO2 content of the system can influence the chlorine and OH incorporation via the stabilization of Ti-clinohumite-like point defects. The water contents for coexisting forsterite and enstatite in some runs were determined using unpolarized IR spectra and calculated water partition coefficients [Formula: see text] are between 0.01 and 0.5.

No MeSH data available.