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Does a single specialty intensive care unit make better business sense than a multi-specialty intensive care unit? A costing study in a trauma center in India.

Kumar P, Jithesh V, Gupta SK - Saudi J Anaesth (2015 Apr-Jun)

Bottom Line: Fisher's two-tailed t-test.The cost center wise and overall difference in the cost among the ICUs were statistically significant.Although multi-specialty ICUs are more expensive, other factors will also play a role in defining the kind of ICU that need to be designed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Hospital Administration, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Context: Though intensive care units (ICUs) only account for 10% of hospital beds, they consume nearly 22% of hospital resources. Few definitive costing studies have been conducted in Indian settings that would help determine appropriate resource allocation.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the cost of intensive care delivery between multi-specialty and neurosurgery ICU in an apex trauma care facility in India.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in a polytrauma and neurosurgery ICU at a 203 bedded level IV trauma care facility in New Delhi, India from May, 2012 to June 2012. The study was cross-sectional, retrospective, and record-based. Traditional costing was used to arrive at the cost for both direct and indirect cost estimates. The cost centers included in study were building cost, equipment cost, human resources, materials and supplies, clinical and nonclinical support services, engineering maintenance cost, and biomedical waste management.

Statistical analysis: Fisher's two-tailed t-test.

Results: Total cost/bed/day for the multi-specialty ICU was Rs. 14,976.9/- and for the neurosurgery ICU was Rs. 14,306.7/-, manpower constituting nearly half of the expenditure in both ICUs. The cost center wise and overall difference in the cost among the ICUs were statistically significant.

Conclusions: Quantification of expenditure in running an ICU in a trauma center would assist healthcare decision makers in better allocation of resources. Although multi-specialty ICUs are more expensive, other factors will also play a role in defining the kind of ICU that need to be designed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cost proportion among various cost centers in neurosurgery intensive care unit
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 2: Cost proportion among various cost centers in neurosurgery intensive care unit

Mentions: The proportion of expenditure on cost centers between the two ICUs remained the same [Figures 1 and 2], the majority of the expenditure being attributable to manpower (45% and 44%) followed by consumables (25% and 29%) clinical support services, nonclinical support services, and estates, in that order. Therefore, the proportion on expenditure among the various heads remained fairly constant between the two ICUs. A Direct Cost Analysis study of ICU Stay in Four European Countries using a Standardized Costing Methodology revealed a wide variation, between the countries assessed from €1168 to €2025/day.[7] While this reflects a commonly known fact that far higher expenditure is incurred in western world on healthcare, the same study also suggested that manpower constituted the largest chunk in terms of costs, ranging from 60% to 64% of the expenditure incurred. Costing studies in ICUs in the Indian scenario have been few and far in between.


Does a single specialty intensive care unit make better business sense than a multi-specialty intensive care unit? A costing study in a trauma center in India.

Kumar P, Jithesh V, Gupta SK - Saudi J Anaesth (2015 Apr-Jun)

Cost proportion among various cost centers in neurosurgery intensive care unit
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4374226&req=5

Figure 2: Cost proportion among various cost centers in neurosurgery intensive care unit
Mentions: The proportion of expenditure on cost centers between the two ICUs remained the same [Figures 1 and 2], the majority of the expenditure being attributable to manpower (45% and 44%) followed by consumables (25% and 29%) clinical support services, nonclinical support services, and estates, in that order. Therefore, the proportion on expenditure among the various heads remained fairly constant between the two ICUs. A Direct Cost Analysis study of ICU Stay in Four European Countries using a Standardized Costing Methodology revealed a wide variation, between the countries assessed from €1168 to €2025/day.[7] While this reflects a commonly known fact that far higher expenditure is incurred in western world on healthcare, the same study also suggested that manpower constituted the largest chunk in terms of costs, ranging from 60% to 64% of the expenditure incurred. Costing studies in ICUs in the Indian scenario have been few and far in between.

Bottom Line: Fisher's two-tailed t-test.The cost center wise and overall difference in the cost among the ICUs were statistically significant.Although multi-specialty ICUs are more expensive, other factors will also play a role in defining the kind of ICU that need to be designed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Hospital Administration, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Context: Though intensive care units (ICUs) only account for 10% of hospital beds, they consume nearly 22% of hospital resources. Few definitive costing studies have been conducted in Indian settings that would help determine appropriate resource allocation.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the cost of intensive care delivery between multi-specialty and neurosurgery ICU in an apex trauma care facility in India.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in a polytrauma and neurosurgery ICU at a 203 bedded level IV trauma care facility in New Delhi, India from May, 2012 to June 2012. The study was cross-sectional, retrospective, and record-based. Traditional costing was used to arrive at the cost for both direct and indirect cost estimates. The cost centers included in study were building cost, equipment cost, human resources, materials and supplies, clinical and nonclinical support services, engineering maintenance cost, and biomedical waste management.

Statistical analysis: Fisher's two-tailed t-test.

Results: Total cost/bed/day for the multi-specialty ICU was Rs. 14,976.9/- and for the neurosurgery ICU was Rs. 14,306.7/-, manpower constituting nearly half of the expenditure in both ICUs. The cost center wise and overall difference in the cost among the ICUs were statistically significant.

Conclusions: Quantification of expenditure in running an ICU in a trauma center would assist healthcare decision makers in better allocation of resources. Although multi-specialty ICUs are more expensive, other factors will also play a role in defining the kind of ICU that need to be designed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus