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Cyclic growth of hierarchical structures in the aluminum-silicate system.

Dyonizy A, Kaminker V, Wieckowska J, Krzywicki T, Pantaleone J, Nowak P, Maselko J - J Syst Chem (2015)

Bottom Line: This system may provide a simple model system to search for universal laws governing the growth of complex hierarchical structures.Graphical AbstractSide view of the chemical structure made from many vertical cones to form a chemical metropolis.The tallest structure is 17 cm high.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Technical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biological structures grow spontaneously from a seed, using materials supplied by the environment. These structures are hierarchical, with the 'building blocks' on each level constructed from those on the lower level. To understand and model the processes that occur on many levels, and later construct them, is a difficult task. However interest in this subject is growing. It is now possible to study the spontaneous growth of hierarchical structures in simple, two component chemical systems.

Results: Aluminum-silicate systems have been observed to grow into structures that are approximately conical. These structures are composed of multiple smaller cones with several hierarchical levels of complexity. On the highest level the system resembles a metropolis, with a horizontal resource distribution network connecting vertical, conical structures. The cones are made from many smaller cones that are connected together forming a whole with unusual behavior. The growth is observed to switch periodically between the vertical and horizontal directions.

Conclusion: A structure grown in a dish is observed to have many similarities to other hierarchical systems such as biological organisms or cities. This system may provide a simple model system to search for universal laws governing the growth of complex hierarchical structures. Graphical AbstractSide view of the chemical structure made from many vertical cones to form a chemical metropolis. The tallest structure is 17 cm high.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Growth of conical structures for Experiment A (see Table1for concentrations). Left: Photographs of structure at various times since start of experiment, units of time are in minutes (the height of the structures shown are, from left to right, 1.3, 3.6, 6.5, 7.9, and 10.4 cm). Right: Height and width of structure as function of volumetric scale length. The vertical lines indicate when growth regimes switch.
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Fig1: Growth of conical structures for Experiment A (see Table1for concentrations). Left: Photographs of structure at various times since start of experiment, units of time are in minutes (the height of the structures shown are, from left to right, 1.3, 3.6, 6.5, 7.9, and 10.4 cm). Right: Height and width of structure as function of volumetric scale length. The vertical lines indicate when growth regimes switch.

Mentions: For experiment A, a precipitation structure that resembles a cone is formed, see the photographs in Figure 1 (left).Figure 1


Cyclic growth of hierarchical structures in the aluminum-silicate system.

Dyonizy A, Kaminker V, Wieckowska J, Krzywicki T, Pantaleone J, Nowak P, Maselko J - J Syst Chem (2015)

Growth of conical structures for Experiment A (see Table1for concentrations). Left: Photographs of structure at various times since start of experiment, units of time are in minutes (the height of the structures shown are, from left to right, 1.3, 3.6, 6.5, 7.9, and 10.4 cm). Right: Height and width of structure as function of volumetric scale length. The vertical lines indicate when growth regimes switch.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4374113&req=5

Fig1: Growth of conical structures for Experiment A (see Table1for concentrations). Left: Photographs of structure at various times since start of experiment, units of time are in minutes (the height of the structures shown are, from left to right, 1.3, 3.6, 6.5, 7.9, and 10.4 cm). Right: Height and width of structure as function of volumetric scale length. The vertical lines indicate when growth regimes switch.
Mentions: For experiment A, a precipitation structure that resembles a cone is formed, see the photographs in Figure 1 (left).Figure 1

Bottom Line: This system may provide a simple model system to search for universal laws governing the growth of complex hierarchical structures.Graphical AbstractSide view of the chemical structure made from many vertical cones to form a chemical metropolis.The tallest structure is 17 cm high.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Technical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biological structures grow spontaneously from a seed, using materials supplied by the environment. These structures are hierarchical, with the 'building blocks' on each level constructed from those on the lower level. To understand and model the processes that occur on many levels, and later construct them, is a difficult task. However interest in this subject is growing. It is now possible to study the spontaneous growth of hierarchical structures in simple, two component chemical systems.

Results: Aluminum-silicate systems have been observed to grow into structures that are approximately conical. These structures are composed of multiple smaller cones with several hierarchical levels of complexity. On the highest level the system resembles a metropolis, with a horizontal resource distribution network connecting vertical, conical structures. The cones are made from many smaller cones that are connected together forming a whole with unusual behavior. The growth is observed to switch periodically between the vertical and horizontal directions.

Conclusion: A structure grown in a dish is observed to have many similarities to other hierarchical systems such as biological organisms or cities. This system may provide a simple model system to search for universal laws governing the growth of complex hierarchical structures. Graphical AbstractSide view of the chemical structure made from many vertical cones to form a chemical metropolis. The tallest structure is 17 cm high.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus